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THIS DAY IN HISTORY

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phkrause

 

November 27th

1095

Pope Urban II orders first Crusade
 
On November 27, 1095, Pope Urban II makes perhaps the most influential speech of the Middle Ages, giving rise to the Crusades by calling all Christians in Europe to war against Muslims in order to reclaim the Holy Land, with a cry of "Deus vult!" or "God wills it!" Born Odo of Lagery in 1042... read more »
American Revolution
1746
"The Chancellor" is born »
Automotive
2007
Indy 500 champ Hélio Castroneves wins "Dancing with the Stars" »
Civil War
1863
John Hunt Morgan escapes from the Ohio Penitentiary »
Cold War
1954
Alger Hiss released from prison »
Crime
1978
San Francisco leaders George Moscone and Harvey Milk are murdered »
Disaster
1703
Freak storm dissipates over England »
General Interest
1940
Iron Guard massacres former Romanian government »
1957
Nehru appeals for disarmament »
Hollywood
1940
Bruce Lee born »
Literary
1786
Robert Burns postpones emigration to Jamaica »
Music
1942
Jimi Hendrix born »
2005
Aerosmith and 50 Cent headline a $10 million bar mitzvah »
Old West
1868
Custer massacres Cheyenne on Washita River »
Presidential
1911
White House housekeeper frets over presidential waistline »
Sports
1965
Gordie Howe scores his 600th goal »
Vietnam War
1965
Pentagon calls for troop increase »
1970
South Vietnamese forces attacked near Cambodian border »
World War I
1914
Hindenburg celebrates Warsaw campaign »
World War II
1942
French scuttle their fleet »

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phkrause

November 28th

1520

Magellan reaches the Pacific
 
After sailing through the dangerous straits below South America that now bear his name, Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan enters the Pacific Ocean with three ships, becoming the first European explorer to reach the Pacific from the Atlantic. On September 20, 1519, Magellan set sail from Spain... read more »
American Revolution
1777
John Adams replaces Silas Deane »
Automotive
1895
Duryea Motor Wagon wins first car race in U.S. »
Civil War
1862
Battle of Cane Hill, Arkansas »
Cold War
1989
Czechoslovakian Communist Party gives up monopoly on political power »
Crime
1987
A media controversy ignites over the case of Tawana Brawley »
Disaster
1979
Plane crashes over Antarctica »
General Interest
1919
Lady Astor becomes MP »
1994
Jeffrey Dahmer murdered in prison »
Hollywood
1962
Talk-show host and comedian Jon Stewart born »
Literary
1582
William Shakespeare marries Anne Hathaway »
Music
1964
The Shangri-Las score a #1 hit with "Leader Of The Pack" »
Old West
1925
The Grand Ole Opry begins broadcasting »
Presidential
1943
FDR attends Tehran Conference »
Sports
1895
Frank Duryea wins first U.S. horseless-carriage race »
Vietnam War
1964
Johnson advised to bomb North Vietnam »
1965
The Philippines agrees to send troops to South Vietnam »
World War I
1914
New York Stock Exchange resumes bond trading »
World War II
1954
Enrico Fermi, architect of the nuclear age, dies »

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phkrause

November 29th

1947

U.N. votes for partition of Palestine
 
Despite strong Arab opposition, the United Nations votes for the partition of Palestine and the creation of an independent Jewish state. The modern conflict between Jews and Arabs in Palestine dates back to the 1910s, when both groups laid claim to the British-controlled territory. The Jews were... read more »
American Revolution
1775
Congress creates Committee of Secret Correspondence »
Automotive
1996
Last day at VW for Jose Ignacio Lopez »
Civil War
1864
Sand Creek massacre »
Cold War
1952
Eisenhower goes to Korea »
Crime
2011
Dr. Conrad Murray receives four-year sentence in Michael Jackson's death »
Disaster
1991
Dust storm causes massive pileup in California »
General Interest
1929
Byrd flies over South Pole »
1950
Chinese overwhelm Allies in North Korea »
1963
Johnson establishes Warren Commission »
Hollywood
1981
Actress Natalie Wood drowns »
Literary
1943
Sue Miller is born »
Music
1975
Silver Convention "earn" a #1 pop hit with "Fly, Robin, Fly" »
Old West
1864
Colorado militia massacre Cheyenne at Sand Creek »
Presidential
1963
LBJ forms commission to investigate Kennedy assassination »
Sports
1997
The legendary Eddie Robinson coaches his last game »
Vietnam War
1967
McNamara resigns as Secretary of Defense »
1968
Communists vow to smash Phoenix program »
1971
Americal Division stands down and departs »
World War I
1918
American nurse Maude Fisher writes to mother of war casualty »
World War II
1942
Coffee rationing begins »

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phkrause

November 30th

1886

Folies Bergere stage first revue
 
Once a hall for operettas, pantomime, political meetings, and vaudeville, the Folies Bergère in Paris introduces an elaborate revue featuring women in sensational costumes. The highly popular "Place aux Jeunes" established the Folies as the premier nightspot in Paris. In the 1890s, the Folies... read more »
American Revolution
1776
Howe brothers offer amnesty »
Automotive
1965
Unsafe at Any Speed hits bookstores »
Civil War
1864
Battle of Franklin, Tennessee »
Cold War
1981
The United States and U.S.S.R. open talks to reduce intermediate-range nuclear forces »
Crime
1989
"America's First Female Serial Killer" strikes »
Disaster
1994
Achille Lauro sinks near Somalia »
General Interest
1874
Winston Churchill born »
1954
Meteorite strikes Alabama woman »
1993
Brady Bill signed into law »
Hollywood
2004
Jeopardy! contestant's record winning streak ends »
Literary
1835
Mark Twain is born »
Music
1974
Elton John's Greatest Hits hits #1 »
Old West
1902
Harvey "Kid Curry" Logan sentenced »
Presidential
1950
Truman refuses to rule out atomic weapons »
Sports
1931
Football coach Bill Walsh is born »
Vietnam War
1965
McNamara warns Johnson that communists are gaining strength in South Vietnam »
1966
South Vietnamese draft articles for new constitution »
1967
McCarthy to enter Democratic presidential primary »
1972
White House announces no full withdrawal until final truce agreement signed »
World War I
1917
German foreign minister celebrates revolution in Russia »
World War II
1939
USSR attacks Finland »

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phkrause

December 1st

1990

Chunnel makes breakthrough
 
Shortly after 11 a.m. on December 1, 1990, 132 feet below the English Channel, workers drill an opening the size of a car through a wall of rock. This was no ordinary hole–it connected the two ends of an underwater tunnel linking Great Britain with the European mainland for the first time in... read more »
American Revolution
1779
Washington establishes winter quarters at Morristown »
Automotive
1913
Ford's assembly line starts rolling »
Civil War
1862
Lincoln's State of the Union address »
Cold War
1959
Antarctica made a military-free continent »
Crime
2004
Defense presents its case in Hamptons murder trial »
Disaster
1958
Students die in Chicago school fire »
General Interest
1824
Presidential election goes to the House »
1934
Sergey Kirov murdered »
1955
Rosa Parks ignites bus boycott »
Hollywood
1940
Trailblazing comic Richard Pryor born »
Literary
1830
Due date for Victor Hugo »
Music
1945
Bette Midler is born in Honolulu, Hawaii »
Old West
1884
Elfego Baca battles Anglo cowboys »
Presidential
1824
Congress decides outcome of presidential election »
Sports
1939
Lee Trevino is born »
Vietnam War
1964
Johnson Administration makes plans to bomb North Vietnam »
1971
Situation in Cambodia worsens »
World War I
1919
New state declared in the Balkans »
World War II
1944
Stettinius succeeds Hull as secretary of state »

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phkrause

December 3rd

1947

A Streetcar Named Desire opens on Broadway
 
On this day in 1947, Marlon Brando's famous cry of "STELLA!" first booms across a Broadway stage, electrifying the audience at the Ethel Barrymore Theatre during the first-ever performance of Tennessee Williams' play A Streetcar Named Desire. The 23-year-old Brando played the rough, working-class... read more »
American Revolution
1776
Washington arrives at the banks of the Delaware »
Automotive
1979
Last AMC Pacer rolls off assembly line »
Civil War
1826
George McClellan born »
Cold War
1989
Bush and Gorbachev suggest Cold War is coming to an end »
Crime
1989
The clothes make the man . . . guilty »
Disaster
1984
Explosion kills 2,000 at pesticide plant »
General Interest
1912
First Balkan War ends »
1967
First human heart transplant »
1984
The Bhopal-Union Carbide disaster »
Hollywood
1948
Heavy-metal legend Ozzy Osbourne born »
Literary
1857
Joseph Conrad's birthday »
Music
1979
Eleven people killed in a stampede outside Who concert in Cincinnati, Ohio »
Old West
1818
Illinois becomes the 21st state »
Presidential
1839
Lincoln reaches legal milestone »
Sports
1979
Indian field hockey gold medalist Dhyan Chand dies »
Vietnam War
1962
Report maintains that Viet Cong are prepared for a long war »
1965
Memorandum outlines terms for bombing halt »
World War I
1916
Nivelle replaces Joffre as French commander »
World War II
1944
Civil war breaks out in Athens »

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phkrause

December 4th

1991

Hostage Terry Anderson freed in Lebanon
 
On this day in 1991, Islamic militants in Lebanon release kidnapped American journalist Terry Anderson after 2,454 days in captivity. As chief Middle East correspondent for the Associated Press, Anderson covered the long-running civil war in Lebanon (1975-1990). On March 16, 1985, he was kidnapped... read more »
American Revolution
1780
Washington's cousin tricks Loyalists »
Automotive
1928
"Irish Godfather" killed by car bomb in St. Paul »
Civil War
1864
Engagement ends at Waynesboro »
Cold War
1945
Senate approves U.S. participation in United Nations »
Crime
1969
Police kill two members of the Black Panther Party »
2009
Amanda Knox convicted of murder in Italy »
Disaster
1952
Smog kills thousands in England »
2012
Typhoon "Pablo" Kills over 1,000 People in the Philippines »
General Interest
1872
The mystery of the Mary Celeste »
1918
President Wilson travels to Europe »
1992
Bush orders U.S. troops to Somalia »
Hollywood
1981
Warren Beatty writes, directs, stars in Oscar-winning Reds »
Literary
1916
Somerset Maugham sails for Pago Pago »
Music
1956
The "Million Dollar Quartet" convenes at Sun Studios in Memphis, Tennessee »
Old West
1867
Oliver Kelley organizes the Grange »
Presidential
1783
Washington bids farewell to his officers »
Sports
1997
NBA suspends Latrell Sprewell for attacking coach »
Vietnam War
1966
Viet Cong attack Tan Son Nhut airport »
1967
Riverine force surrounds Viet Cong battalion »
World War I
1917
Psychiatrist reports on the phenomenon of shell shock »
World War II
1942
Polish Christians come to the aid of Polish Jews »

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phkrause

December 5th

1945

Aircraft squadron lost in the Bermuda Triangle
 
At 2:10 p.m., five U.S. Navy Avenger torpedo-bombers comprising Flight 19 take off from the Ft. Lauderdale Naval Air Station in Florida on a routine three-hour training mission. Flight 19 was scheduled to take them due east for 120 miles, north for 73 miles, and then back over a final 120-mile leg... read more »
American Revolution
1776
Phi Beta Kappa is founded while army flounders »
Automotive
1970
Last segment of the Dan Ryan Expressway opens in Chicago »
Civil War
1839
George Custer born »
Cold War
1978
USSR and Afghanistan sign "friendship treaty" »
Crime
1873
The Boston Belfry Murderer kills his first victim »
Disaster
1876
Hundreds die in Brooklyn theater fire »
General Interest
1933
Prohibition ends »
Hollywood
1984
Eddie Murphy stars in Beverly Hills Cop »
Literary
1941
Steinbeck's Sea of Cortez is published »
Music
2000
O Brother, Where Art Thou? soundtrack released »
Old West
1871
Rodeo star Bill Pickett born in Texas »
Presidential
1782
Van Buren is born »
Sports
2002
Roone Arledge dies »
Vietnam War
1964
Army Captain awarded first Medal of Honor for action in Vietnam »
1970
North Vietnam announces it will not be intimidated by U.S. bombing »
World War I
1915
Siege of British-occupied Kut, Mesopotamia begins »
World War II
1941
American carrier Lexington heads to Midway »

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phkrause

December 6th

1884

Washington Monument completed
 
On this day in 1884, in Washington, D.C., workers place a nine-inch aluminum pyramid atop a tower of white marble, completing the construction of an impressive monument to the city's namesake and the nation's first president, George Washington. As early as 1783, the infant U.S. Congress decided that... read more »
American Revolution
1777
Whitemarsh skirmishes turn in Americans' favor »
Automotive
1976
Deaf stuntwoman Kitty O'Neil sets women's land-speed record »
Civil War
1865
13th Amendment ratified »
Cold War
1987
Protests against Soviet treatment of Jews take place in Washington and Moscow »
Crime
1868
Train robbers reach the end of the line »
Disaster
1917
Ships explode in Canadian harbor »
General Interest
1907
The Monongah coal mine disaster »
1917
The Great Halifax Explosion »
1921
Irish Free State declared »
Hollywood
2005
Brokeback Mountain premieres »
Literary
1933
Ulysses is ruled not obscene »
Music
1969
The Altamont Festival brings the 1960s to a violent end »
Old West
1749
French-Canadian explorer La Verendrye dies »
Presidential
1884
Monument to Washington completed »
Sports
1992
Jerry Rice scores record-breaking touchdown »
Vietnam War
1961
Operation Farm Gate combat missions authorized »
1972
Fighting continues in South Vietnam while negotiators talk in Paris »
World War I
1917
Munitions ship explodes in Halifax »
World War II
1941
Roosevelt to Japanese emperor: "Prevent further death and destruction" »

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phkrause

December 7th

1941

Pearl Harbor bombed
 
At 7:55 a.m. Hawaii time, a Japanese dive bomber bearing the red symbol of the Rising Sun of Japan on its wings appears out of the clouds above the island of Oahu. A swarm of 360 Japanese warplanes followed, descending on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor in a ferocious assault. The surprise... read more »
HISTORY VAULT
Remembering Pearl Harbor
More than 2,400 Americans lost their lives during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Join HISTORY Vault as we commemorate the "date which will live in infamy." The Pearl Harbor collection examines the attack and its aftermath, and includes rare interviews from those who were there.
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American Revolution
1787
Delaware ratifies the Constitution »
Automotive
1964
NYC officials revive Lower Manhattan Expressway »
Civil War
1862
Battle of Prairie Grove, Arkansas »
Cold War
1987
Mikhail Gorbachev arrives in United States for summit with Ronald Reagan »
Crime
1993
Commute of terror »
Disaster
1988
Earthquakes wreak havoc in Armenia »
General Interest
1787
The First State »
1975
Indonesia invades East Timor »
1982
First execution by lethal injection »
1988
Earthquake devastates Armenia »
Hollywood
2001
Clooney stars in Sinatra role in Ocean's Eleven remake »
Literary
1873
Willa Cather is born »
Music
1963
The Singing Nun reaches #1 on the U.S. pop charts with "Dominique" »
Old West
1805
Lewis and Clark temporarily settle in Fort Clatsop »
Presidential
1941
FDR reacts to news of Pearl Harbor bombing »
Sports
1989
Sugar Ray Leonard fights Roberto Duran for the third and final time »
Vietnam War
1964
Situation deteriorates in South Vietnam »
1965
McNamara predicts that more U.S. troops will be needed »
World War I
1916
David Lloyd George becomes prime minister of Britain »
World War II
1941
A date which will live in infamy »

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phkrause

December 8th

1980

John Lennon shot
 
John Lennon, a former member of the Beatles, the rock group that transformed popular music in the 1960s, is shot and killed by an obsessed fan in New York City. The 40-year-old artist was entering his luxury Manhattan apartment building when Mark David Chapman shot him four times at close range with... read more »
American Revolution
1775
Americans begin siege of Quebec »
Automotive
1942
Auto-factory architect Albert Kahn dies »
Civil War
1863
Lincoln issues Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction »
Cold War
1949
Chinese Nationalists move capital to Taiwan »
Crime
1980
John Lennon is murdered »
Disaster
1881
Theater fire kills hundreds in Vienna »
General Interest
1542
Mary Queen of Scots born »
1987
Superpowers agree to reduce nuclear arsenals »
1993
NAFTA signed into law »
Hollywood
1982
Meryl Streep stars in Sophie's Choice »
Literary
1894
James Thurber is born »
Music
1980
John Lennon is assassinated in New York City »
Old West
1941
Jeanette Rankin casts sole vote against WWII »
Presidential
1941
Roosevelt asks Congress to declare war on Japan »
Sports
1940
Bears beat Redskins 73-0 in NFL Championship game »
Vietnam War
1965
Operation Tiger Hound launched »
1966
North Vietnam rejects Johnson's prisoner exchange proposal »
1969
Nixon declares Vietnam War is ending »
World War I
1914
The Battle of the Falkland Islands »
World War II
1941
The United States declares war on Japan »

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phkrause

December 9th

1992

U.S Marines storm Mogadishu, Somalia
 
On this day in 1992, 1,800 United States Marines arrive in Mogadishu, Somalia, to spearhead a multinational force aimed at restoring order in the conflict-ridden country. Following centuries of colonial rule by countries including Portugal, Britain and Italy, Mogadishu became the capital of an... read more »
American Revolution
1775
Patriots gain control of Virginia »
Automotive
1921
GM engineers discover that leaded gas reduces "knock" in auto engines »
Civil War
1861
Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War created »
Cold War
1950
Harry Gold sent to prison for his role in atomic espionage »
Crime
1981
Policeman Daniel Faulkner found dead »
Disaster
2003
Cold spell leads to tragedy in Iran »
General Interest
1958
John Birch Society founded »
1987
Intifada begins on Gaza Strip »
1990
Walesa elected president of Poland »
1992
Separation of Charles and Diana announced »
Hollywood
1983
Pacino stars in Scarface »
Literary
1854
"The Charge of the Light Brigade" by Alfred Lord Tennyson is published »
Music
1972
"I Am Woman" by Helen Reddy tops the U.S. pop charts »
Old West
1835
The Texan Army captures San Antonio »
Presidential
1967
Johnson discusses daughters »
Sports
1965
Reds trade Frank Robinson to Orioles »
Vietnam War
1965
Newspaper reports on bombing over North Vietnam »
1971
Paris peace talks break down »
World War I
1917
Jerusalem surrenders to British troops »
World War II
1940
Brits launch offensive against Italians in North Africa »

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