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THIS DAY IN HISTORY

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phkrause

September 4th

1886

Geronimo surrenders
 
On this day in 1886, Apache chief Geronimo surrenders to U.S. government troops. For 30 years, the mighty Native American warrior had battled to protect his tribe's homeland; however, by 1886 the Apaches were exhausted and hopelessly outnumbered. General Nelson Miles accepted Geronimo's surrender, ... read more »
HISTORY VAULT
Go West
Learn about Geronimo and all the cowboys, Native Americans and renegades who made up the American West.
 
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Ancient Rome
476
Western Roman Empire falls »
Art, Literature, and Film History
2002
Kelly Clarkson wins first "American Idol" »
2014
Comedy legend Joan Rivers dies »
Civil Rights Movement
1957
Arkansas troops prevent "Little Rock Nine" from entering segregated high school »
Sports
1972
U.S. swimmer Mark Spitz wins 7th gold medal »
U.S. Presidents
1951
President Truman makes first transcontinental television broadcast »
Vietnam War
1969
Radio Hanoi announces the death of Ho Chi Minh »
World War I
1918
American troops land at Archangel »

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phkrause

September 5th

1836

Sam Houston elected as president of Texas
 
On this day in 1836, Sam Houston is elected as president of the Republic of Texas, which earned its independence from Mexico in a successful military rebellion.On this day in 1836, Sam Houston is elected as president of the Republic of Texas, which earned its independence from Mexico in a successful... read more »
American Revolution
1774
First Continental Congress convenes »
Art, Literature, and Film History
1957
The New York Times gives "On the Road" a rave review »
1958
"Doctor Zhivago" is published in the U.S.  »
2006
Katie Couric makes historic network anchor debut  »
Crime
1972
Arab terrorists take Israeli hostages at the Munich Olympics »
Native Americans
1877
Sioux military leader Crazy Horse is killed »
U.S. Presidents
1975
Gerald Ford survives first assassination attempt »
Vietnam War
1969
Lt. William Calley charged for My Lai massacre »
1970
U.S. forces launch last major American operation of the war »
Westward Expansion
1847
Outlaw Jesse James is born in Missouri »
World War I
1914
French general gives order to attack at the Marne »

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phkrause

September 6th

1915

First tank produced
 
On this day in 1915, a prototype tank nicknamed Little Willie rolls off the assembly line in England. Little Willie was far from an overnight success. It weighed 14 tons, got stuck in trenches and crawled over rough terrain at only two miles per hour. However, improvements were made to the original ... read more »
HISTORY VAULT
Weapons of War
From snipers to supersonic jets, delve into some of the military's leading weaponry—and the men and women using them on the frontlines.
 
Stream these episodes plus thousands of HISTORY's best documentaries, series and specials, all commercial-free.
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Africa
1966
South African prime minister and architect of apartheid assassinated »
American Revolution
1781
Benedict Arnold orders burning of New London »
Art, Literature, and Film History
1847
Henry David Thoreau leaves Walden and moves in with the Emersons »
Exploration
1522
Magellan's expedition circumnavigates globe »
Great Britain
1997
Some 2.5 billion TV viewers watch Princess Diana's funeral »
Germany
1972
More Israeli hostages killed in Munich »
Sports
1995
Baltimore Orioles shortstop Cal Ripken Jr. breaks record for consecutive games played »
U.S. Presidents
1901
President William McKinley is shot »
World War I
1914
First Battle of the Marne begins »

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phkrause

September 7th

1813

United States nicknamed Uncle Sam
 
On this day in 1813, the United States gets its nickname, Uncle Sam. The name is linked to Samuel Wilson, a meat packer from Troy, New York, who supplied barrels of beef to the United States Army during the War of 1812.Wilson (1766-1854) stamped the barrels with "U.S." for United States, but ... read more »
1960s
1968
Protestors disrupt the Miss America Pageant »
American Revolution
1776
World's first submarine attack »
Art, Literature, and Film History
1911
Guillaume Apollinaire is arrested for stealing the Mona Lisa »
1936
Rock 'n' roll legend Buddy Holly is born »
Civil War
1864
Atlanta is evacuated »
Crime
1876
Minnesotans attack the James-Younger criminal gang »
1996
Tupac Shakur is shot »
Latin America
1977
U.S. agrees to transfer Panama Canal to Panama  »
World War II
1940
The Blitz begins as Germany bombs London »

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phkrause

September 8th

1974

Ford pardons Nixon
 
In a controversial executive action, President Gerald Ford pardons his disgraced predecessor Richard M. Nixon for any crimes he may have committed or participated in while in office. Ford later defended this action before the House Judiciary Committee, explaining that he wanted to end the national ... read more »
HISTORY VAULT
The Watergate Scandal
Watergate was much more than a burglary. Get the inside story behind one of the biggest political scandals in U.S. history.
 
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American Revolution
1781
Bloody battle begins at Eutaw Springs, South Carolina »
Art, Literature, and Film History
1504
Michelangelo's statue of David is unveiled to the public »
1986
Oprah goes national »
2003
RIAA begins suing individual sharers of copyrighted mp3 files »
Civil War
1863
Rebels thwart Yankees at the Second Battle of Sabine Pass »
Cold War
1945
American troops arrive in Korea to partition the country »
Colonial America
1664
New Amsterdam becomes New York »
Crime
1935
Louisiana senator Huey Long is shot »
Natural Disasters & Environment
1900
Deadly hurricane batters Texas »
Vietnam War
1954
SEATO established »
World War I
1915
German airship hits central London »
World War II
1941
Siege of Leningrad begins »
1943
Italian surrender is announced »

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phkrause

September 9th

1956

Elvis Presley makes first appearance on "The Ed Sullivan Show"
 
The King of Rock and Roll teams up with TV's reigning variety program, as Elvis Presley appears on "The Ed Sullivan Show" for the first time. After earning big ratings for "The Steve Allen Show," the Dorsey Brothers "Stage Show" and "The Milton Berle Show," Sullivan finally reneged on his Presley ... read more »
19th Century
1850
California becomes the 31st state in record time »
American Revolution
1776
Congress renames the nation "United States of America" »
Art, Literature, and Film History
1910
Alice B. Toklas moves in permanently with Gertrude Stein »
1939
Audiences are treated to surprise preview of "Gone with the Wind" »
China
1976
Mao Zedong dies »
Crime
1919
The Boston police department goes on strike »
1971
Riot at Attica prison »
U.S. Presidents
1893
President Cleveland's child is born in the White House »
Vietnam War
1967
Sergeant Duane D. Hackney receives Medal of Honor »
1969
Ho Chi Minh buried in Hanoi »
World War II
1942
Japanese bomb U.S. mainland »

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phkrause

September 10th

1897

First drunk driving arrest
 
On this day in 1897, a 25-year-old London taxi driver named George Smith becomes the first person ever arrested for drunk driving after slamming his cab into a building. Smith later pled guilty and was fined 25 shillings. In the United States, the first laws against operating a motor vehicle while ... read more »
American Revolution
1776
Nathan Hale volunteers to spy behind British lines »
Art, Literature, and Film History
1981
Picasso's "Guernica" is returned to Spain »
1991
Nirvana's "Smells Like Teen Spirit" is released as a single »
Colonial America
1608
John Smith elected to lead Jamestown »
Crime
1977
Serial killers Charlene Williams and Gerald Gallego meet »
France
1977
The guillotine falls silent »
INVENTIONS & SCIENCE
2008
CERN Large Hadron Collider is powered up »
U.S. Presidents
1833
Andrew Jackson shuts down Second Bank of the U.S. »
War of 1812
1813
The Battle of Lake Erie »
World War I
1919
New York City parade honors World War I veterans »
World War II
1940
British War Cabinet reacts to the Blitz in kind »

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phkrause

September 11th

2001

Attack on America
 
At 8:45 a.m. on a clear Tuesday morning, an American Airlines Boeing 767 loaded with 20,000 gallons of jet fuel crashes into the north tower of the World Trade Center in New York City. The impact left a gaping, burning hole near the 80th floor of the 110-story skyscraper, instantly killing hundreds ... read more »
September 11 Attacks
 
9/11 Timeline »
 
9/11 Lost and Found: The Items Left Behind »
 
Behind the 9/11 White House Order to Shoot Down U.S. Airliners »
HISTORY VAULT
9/11: Remembering and Rebuilding
Explore how America recovered from the deadliest terrorist attack in U.S. history.
 
Stream these episodes plus thousands of HISTORY's best documentaries, series and specials, all commercial-free.
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Abolitionist Movement
1851
The Christiana Riot »
American Revolution
1777
The Battle of Brandywine begins »
Art, Literature, and Film History
1971
Donny Osmond has the #1 hit on the U.S. pop charts with "Go Away Little Girl" »
1987
"Fatal Attraction" premieres »
COLD WAR
1971
Nikita Khrushchev dies »
Crime
1921
Silent-film star Fatty Arbuckle arrested for murder »
Latin America
1973
Chilean president Salvador Allende dies in coup »
Vietnam War
1965
1st Cavalry Division arrives in South Vietnam »
War of 1812
1814
America victorious on Lake Champlain »
WESTWARD EXPANSION
1857
Mormons and Paiutes murder 120 emigrants at Mountain Meadows »
World War II
1940
Hitler focuses East, sends troops to Romania »

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phkrause

September 12th

1940

Lascaux cave paintings discovered
 
Near Montignac, France, a collection of prehistoric cave paintings are discovered by four teenagers who stumbled upon the ancient artwork after following their dog down a narrow entrance into a cavern. The 15,000- to 17,000-year-old paintings, consisting mostly of animal representations, are among ... read more »
HISTORY VAULT
Prehistoric Humans and Creatures
Journey backwards to a time when early humans—and prehistoric creatures—roamed the earth.
 
Stream these episodes plus thousands of HISTORY's best documentaries, series and specials, all commercial-free.
START FREE TRIAL
Art, Literature, and Film History
1846
Poets Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning elope »
1944
Singer-songwriter Barry White is born »
2004
First season of "Entourage"—a TV show about life in Hollywood—comes to an end »
Black History
1974
Violence erupts in Boston over desegregation busing »
Inventions & Science
1993
New floating bridge opens in Seattle; I-90 stretches from coast to coast »
Natural Disasters & Environment
1988
Hurricane Gilbert slams Jamaica »
Russia
1953
Nikita Khrushchev elected Soviet leader »
Sports
1951
Sugar Ray Robinson wins back belt »
U.S. Presidents
1953
John F. Kennedy marries Jacqueline Bouvier in Newport, Rhode Island »
Westward Expansion
1972
Hopalong Cassidy rides off into his last sunset »
World War II
1942
The Laconia is sunk »

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phkrause

September 13th

1993

Israel-Palestine peace accord signed
 
After decades of bloody animosity, representatives of Israel and Palestine meet on the South Lawn of the White House and sign a framework for peace. The "Declaration of Principles" was the first agreement between the Israelis and Palestinians towards ending their conflict and sharing the holy land ... read more »
Art, Literature, and Film History
1916
Children's author Roald Dahl is born »
1990
"Law & Order" debuts »
1996
Tupac Shakur dies »
2004
Oprah gives away nearly 300 new cars »
Civil War
1862
Union troops discover Rebels' Antietam battle plan »
Crime
1971
Massacre at Attica Prison »
World War II
1940
Italy invades Egypt »

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phkrause

September 14th

1814

Francis Scott Key pens "The Star-Spangled Banner"
 
On this day in 1814, Francis Scott Key pens a poem which is later set to music and in 1931 becomes America's national anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner." The poem, originally titled "The Defence of Fort McHenry," was written after Key witnessed the Maryland fort being bombarded by the British during... read more »
21st CENTURY
2015
Muslim teen arrested for bringing homemade clock to school »
Art, Literature, and Film History
1927
Dancer Isadora Duncan is killed in car accident »
1964
John Steinbeck wins the Medal of Freedom »
1974
"I Shot the Sheriff" hits the song charts »
1982
Hollywood star and real-life princess Grace Kelly dies »
Cold War
1959
Soviet probe reaches the moon »
France
1812
Napoleon enters Moscow »
Mexican-American War
1847
General Winfield Scott captures Mexico City »
Natural Disasters & Environment
1999
Millions flee from Hurricane Floyd »
Religion
1975
Elizabeth Ann Seton becomes first American-born saint  »
U.S. Presidents
1901
McKinley dies of infection from gunshot wounds »
World War II
1944
Americans launch Operation Stalemate—at extraordinary cost »

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phkrause

September 15th

1978

Muhammad Ali wins world heavyweight championship
 
On this day in 1978, boxer Muhammad Ali defeats Leon Spinks at the Louisiana Superdome in New Orleans to win the world heavyweight boxing title for the third time in his career, the first fighter ever to do so. Following his victory, Ali retired from boxing, only to make a brief comeback two years ... read more »
21st Century
2008
Lehman Brothers declares bankruptcy  »
Art, Literature, and Film History
1890
Agatha Christie is born »
1954
Famous Marilyn Monroe "skirt" scene filmed »
1962
The Four Seasons earn their first #1 hit with "Sherry" »
Civil Rights Movement
1963
Four black schoolgirls killed in Birmingham church bombing »
Civil War
1862
Confederates capture Harpers Ferry »
Cold War
1959
Nikita Khrushchev arrives in Washington »
Crime
1990
A Bible school instructor abducts a teenage girl »
KOREAN WAR
1950
U.S. forces land at Inchon »
THE HOLOCAUST
1935
Nuremberg race laws imposed »
U.S. Presidents
1857
Future President William Taft born »
VIETNAM WAR
1972
South Vietnamese forces retake Quang Tri City »
WESTWARD EXPANSION
1858
The first transcontinental mail service to San Francisco begins »
World War I
1914
First trenches are dug on the Western Front »
1916
Tanks introduced into warfare at the Somme »
World War II
1940
Tide turns in the Battle of Britain »

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September 16th

1932

Gandhi begins fast in protest of caste separation
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On this day in 1932, in his cell at Yerovda Jail near Bombay, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi begins a hunger strike in protest of the British government's decision to separate India's electoral system by caste. A leader in the Indian campaign for home rule, Gandhi worked all his life to spread his own ... read more »
Art, Literature, and Film History
1977
Opera star Maria Callas dies »
Colonial America
1620
Mayflower departs England »
Crime
1845
Mormons murder man suspected of being Christian spy »
2013
Gunman kills 12 in D.C. Navy Yard massacre »
Inventions & Science
1908
William Durant creates General Motors »
Mexico
1810
Mexican War of Independence begins »
Westward Expansion
1893
Settlers race to claim land in Oklahoma  »
World War II
1940
United States imposes the draft »

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September 17th

1862

Battle of Antietam breaks out
 
Beginning early on the morning of this day in 1862, Confederate and Union troops in the Civil War clash near Maryland's Antietam Creek in the bloodiest single day in American military history. The Battle of Antietam marked the culmination of Confederate General Robert E. Lee's first invasion of the ... read more »
HISTORY VAULT
North vs. South
It's one of the bloodiest chapters in American history. Meet the key players, relive the battles and explore the aftershocks of the Civil War.
 
Stream these episodes plus thousands of HISTORY's best documentaries, series and specials, all commercial-free.
START FREE TRIAL
1970s
1978
Camp David Accords signed »
Art, Literature, and Film History
1967
The Who literally spark an explosion on national television »
1983
Vanessa Williams becomes first black Miss America »
1996
Oprah launches influential book club »
Space Exploration
1976
NASA unveils its first space shuttle, the Enterprise »
U.S. Presidents
1796
Washington prepares final draft of farewell address »
United States Constitution
1787
U.S. Constitution signed »
Westward Expansion
1868
Cheyenne and Sioux decimate frontiersmen at Beecher's Island »
World War II
1939
Soviet Union invades Poland »

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September 18th

1793

Capitol cornerstone is laid
 
On this day in 1793, George Washington lays the cornerstone to the United States Capitol building, the home of the legislative branch of American government. The building would take nearly a century to complete, as architects came and went, the British set fire to it and it was called into use ... read more »
HISTORY VAULT
America's Founding Fathers
Washington, Jefferson, Franklin: Some 200 years after they lived and died, their names still loom large. Get an up close look at the men who dared to create a new country—and find out how they pulled it off.
 
Stream these episodes plus thousands of HISTORY's best documentaries, series and specials, all commercial-free.
START FREE TRIAL
1960s
1960
Fidel Castro arrives in New York »
1980s
1987
Hundreds are accidentally poisoned in Brazil »
Art, Literature, and Film History
1974
Doris Day wins lawsuit »
China
1976
1 million people attend funeral of Mao Zedong »
Civil War
1862
Union General George B. McClellan lets Confederates retreat from Antietam »
Colonial America
1634
Anne Hutchinson arrives in the New World »
Crime
1959
Serial killer Harvey Glatman is executed »
1975
Patty Hearst captured »
Inventions & Science
1981
Canada mall sets record for largest parking lot  »
Paranormal
1973
Jimmy Carter files report on UFO sighting »
Westward Expansion
1846
The struggling Donner Party sends ahead to California for food »

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