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THIS DAY IN HISTORY

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phkrause

December 27th

1932

Radio City Music Hall opens
 
At the height of the Great Depression, thousands turn out for the opening of Radio City Music Hall, a magnificent Art Deco theater in New York City. Radio City Music Hall was designed as a palace for the people, a place of beauty where ordinary people could see high-quality entertainment. Since its ... read more »
Art, Literature, and Film History
1895
The legend of "Stagger Lee" is born »
1904
J.M. Barrie's play "Peter Pan" opens in London »
Cold War
1979
Soviets take over in Afghanistan »
Crime
1900
Prohibitionist Carry Nation smashes bar  »
Great Britain
1831
Charles Darwin sets sail from England »
Inventions & Science
1941
Office of Price Administration begins to ration automobile tires »
Middle East
2007
Pakistani politician Benazir Bhutto assassinated »
Space Exploration
1968
Apollo 8 returns to Earth »
U.S. Presidents
1944
FDR seizes control of Montgomery Ward »
World War I
1918
Polish citizens take up arms against German troops in Poznan »

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phkrause

December 28th

1895

First commercial movie screened
 
On this day in 1895, the world's first commercial movie screening takes place at the Grand Cafe in Paris. The film was made by Louis and Auguste Lumiere, two French brothers who developed a camera-projector called the Cinematographe. The Lumiere brothers unveiled their invention to the public in Mar... read more »
Art, Literature, and Film History
1938
Silent-film star and inventor Florence Lawrence dies »
1973
"The Gulag Archipelago" is published »
1991
Nine killed in a stampede outside a celebrity basketball game  »
Crime
1793
American writer Thomas Paine is arrested in France »
Holidays
1869
America's first Labor Day »
Inventions & Science
1981
First American "test-tube baby" is born »
Natural Disasters & Environment
1908
Worst European earthquake ever recorded »
U.S. Presidents
1856
Woodrow Wilson born in Staunton, Virginia »
U.S. Politics
1832
John C. Calhoun resigns vice presidency »
Vietnam War
1964
South Vietnamese win costly battle at Binh Gia »

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December 29th

1890

U.S. Army massacres Sioux Indians at Wounded Knee
 
On this day in 1890, in the final chapter of America's long Indian wars, the U.S. Cavalry kills 146 Sioux at Wounded Knee on the Pine Ridge reservation in South Dakota. Throughout 1890, the U.S. government worried about the increasing influence at Pine Ridge of the Ghost Dance spiritual movement, wh... read more »
19th Century
1845
Texas enters the Union »
American Revolution
1778
British capture Savannah, Georgia »
Crime
1985
The "Railway Rapist" commits his first murder »
Great Britain
1170
Archbishop Thomas Becket is murdered »
World War II
1940
London is devastated by German air raid »

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December 30th

1922

USSR established
 
In post-revolutionary Russia, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) is established, comprising a confederation of Russia, Belorussia, Ukraine, and the Transcaucasian Federation (divided in 1936 into the Georgian, Azerbaijan, and Armenian republics). Also known as the Soviet Union, the new c... read more »
HISTORY Vault
Russia: Inside the Enigma
From its Czarist rulers who controlled vast territory, its decades under the Communist Soviet grip and its modern–day attempts to refashion a superpower, explore centuries of Russia's complicated history.
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Art, Literature, and Film History
1968
Led Zeppelin filmed live for the first time »
Civil War
1862
U.S.S. Monitor sinks »
Crime
1994
An anti-abortion activist goes on a murder spree »
Inventions & Science
1936
Sit-down strike begins in Flint »
Asia
1965
Ferdinand Marcos inaugurated president of the Philippines »
Mexico
1853
Southern U.S. border established »
EARLY 20th CENTURY U.S.
1903
Fire breaks out in Chicago theater »
World War I
1916
Rasputin is murdered »
World War II
1884
Japanese prime minister Hideki Tojo is born »

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December 31st

1999

Panama Canal turned over to Panama
 
On this day in 1999, the United States, in accordance with the Torrijos-Carter Treaties, officially hands over control of the Panama Canal, putting the strategic waterway into Panamanian hands for the first time. Crowds of Panamanians celebrated the transfer of the 50-mile canal, which links the Atl... read more »
American Revolution
1775
Patriots are defeated at Quebec »
Art, Literature, and Film History
1985
Rick Nelson dies in a plane crash »
Crime
1984
Subway shooter Bernhard Goetz turns himself in »
GREAT BRITAIN
1600
Charter granted to the East India Company »
Inventions & Science
1879
Thomas Edison demonstrates incandescent light »
1968
Soviets test supersonic airliner »
SPORTS
1972
Baseball star Roberto Clemente dies in plane crash »
Cold WAR
1961
Kennedy and Khrushchev exchange holiday greetings »
World War II
1944
Hungary declares war on Germany »

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January 1st

1959

Batista forced out by Castro-led revolution
 
On this day in 1959, facing a popular revolution spearheaded by Fidel Castro's 26th of July Movement, Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista flees the island nation. Amid celebration and chaos in the Cuban capitol of Havana, the U.S. debated how best to deal with the radical Castro and the ominous rumblin... read more »
American Revolution
1781
Mutiny of the Pennsylvania Line »
Art, Literature, and Film History
1818
Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein" is published »
1915
A preview of "The Birth of a Nation" is shown to audiences »
1958
Johnny Cash plays San Quentin State Prison »
Crime
1973
The real-life murder behind "Looking For Mr. Goodbar" »
Holidays
45 B.C.
The Julian calendar takes effect for the first time on New Year's Day »
Latin America
1803
Haitian independence proclaimed »
WESTWARD EXPANSION
1863
A Nebraska farmer files the first homestead claim »
U.S. Presidents
1863
Abraham Lincoln signs the Emancipation Proclamation »
U.S. Government
1994
The North American Free Trade Agreement comes into effect »
World War II
1942
United Nations created »
1946
Several Japanese soldiers surrender after learning Pacific War has ended »

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January 2nd

1980

U.S.-Russia detente ends
 
On this day in 1980, in a strong reaction to the December 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, President Jimmy Carter asks the Senate to postpone action on the SALT II nuclear weapons treaty and recalls the U.S. ambassador to Moscow. These actions sent a message that the age of detente and the frien... read more »
21st Century
2006
13 coal miners are trapped in Sago Mine disaster; 12 die »
American Revolution
1776
Congress publishes the Tory Act »
Art, Literature, and Film History
1897
Author Stephen Crane's boat sinks »
1958
Opera star Maria Callas walks out of performance »
1962
Folk group The Weavers are banned by NBC after refusing to sign a loyalty oath »
1980
Sherry Lansing named first female studio production head »
Crime
1981
The Yorkshire Ripper is apprehended »
Exploration
1492
Reconquest of Spain »
Inventions & Science
2009
Rare Bugatti found in British garage »
SPORTS
1971
Football fans crushed in stadium stampede »
Russia
1905
Russian fleet surrenders at Port Arthur »
U.S. Presidents
1890
President Harrison welcomes Alice Sanger as first female staffer »
1974
President Nixon signs national speed limit into law »
U.S. Government
1811
First censuring of a U.S. senator »
1788
Georgia enters the Union »
Westward Expansion
1923
Secretary Fall resigns in Teapot Dome scandal »

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January 3rd

1990

Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega surrenders to U.S.
 
On this day in 1990, Panama's General Manuel Antonio Noriega, after holing up for 10 days at the Vatican embassy in Panama City, surrenders to U.S. military troops to face charges of drug trafficking. Noriega was flown to Miami the following day and crowds of citizens on the streets of Panama City r... read more »
U.S. GOVERNMENT
1959
Alaska admitted into Union »
1960s
1967
Jack Ruby dies before second trial »
Africa
1924
King Tut's sarcophagus uncovered »
American Revolution
1777
The Battle of Princeton »
Art, Literature, and Film History
1841
Herman Melville sails for the South Seas »
1987
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducts first woman »
Civil War
1861
Delaware rejects secession »
Cold War
1961
United States severs diplomatic relations with Cuba »
Crime
1990
Charles Stuart implicated for staged murder of his wife »
Japan
1868
Meiji Restoration begins »
Reformation
1521
Martin Luther excommunicated »
Space Exploration
2004
The Mars Exploration Rover "Spirit" safely lands on the Red Planet »
Sports
1993
Buffalo Bills pull off one of the greatest comebacks in NFL history »
WESTWARD EXPANSION
1834
Stephen Austin imprisoned by Mexicans »
U.S. Presidents
1938
Franklin Roosevelt founds March of Dimes »
World War I
1925
Benito Mussolini declares himself dictator of Italy »
World War II
1945
Gen. MacArthur and Adm. Nimitz given new commands »

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January 4th

1965

L.B.J. envisions a Great Society in his State of the Union address
 
On this day in 1965, in his State of the Union address, President Lyndon Baines Johnson lays out for Congress a laundry list of legislation needed to achieve his plan for a Great Society. On the heels of John F. Kennedy's tragic death, Americans had elected Johnson, his vice president, to the presi... read more »
1990s
1999
The euro debuts »
1990
Trains collide in Pakistan »
19th Century
1896
Utah enters the Union »
Crime
1964
Boston Strangler strikes again »
Inventions & Science
1996
GM announces its electric car »
1847
Samuel Colt sells his first revolvers to the U.S. government »
U.S. Presidents
1974
President Nixon refuses to hand over tapes »
U.S. Politics
1995
Republican Party wins control of Congress for first time in 40 years »
Women's History
2007
Nancy Pelosi becomes first female Speaker of the House »
World War I
1913
German military strategist Alfred von Schlieffen dies »

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January 5th

1933

Golden Gate Bridge is born
 
On January 5, 1933, construction begins on the Golden Gate Bridge, as workers began excavating 3.25 million cubic feet of dirt for the structure's huge anchorages. Following the Gold Rush boom that began in 1849, speculators realized the land north of San Francisco Bay would increase in value in dir... read more »
1960s
1968
Prague Spring begins in Czechoslovakia »
American Revolution
1781
Benedict Arnold captures and destroys Richmond »
Art, Literature, and Film History
1980
The Sugarhill Gang’s “Rapper’s Delight” becomes hip-hop’s first Top 40 hit »
1998
Sonny Bono killed in skiing accident »
Colonial America
1643
First divorce in the colonies »
Crime
1970
Bodies of family killed by United Mine Workers found »
France
1895
Alleged spy Alfred Dreyfus stripped of his rank »
Reformation
1531
Pope Clement VII forbids King Henry VIII from remarrying »
Sports
1920
New York Yankees announce purchase of Babe Ruth »
U.S. Presidents
1949
President Truman delivers his Fair Deal speech »
1957
President Eisenhower proposes new Middle East policy »
1972
President Nixon launches space shuttle program »
Vietnam War
1976
Pol Pot renames Cambodia »
World War I
1916
First conscription bill is introduced in British parliament »
World War II
1945
Kamikaze pilots get first order »

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January 6th

1838

Samuel Morse demonstrates the telegraph
 
On this day in 1838, Samuel Morse's telegraph system is demonstrated for the first time at the Speedwell Iron Works in Morristown, New Jersey. The telegraph, a device which used electric impulses to transmit encoded messages over a wire, would eventually revolutionize long-distance communication, re... read more »
American Revolution
1777
George Washington sets up winter quarters in Morristown, NJ »
Art, Literature, and Film History
1975
"Wheel of Fortune" premieres »
1975
Two thousand Led Zeppelin fans trash the Boston Garden »
2008
Disney-MGM Studios becomes Disney's Hollywood Studios »
Crime
1994
Skater Nancy Kerrigan attacked »
Great Britain
1066
Harold II crowned king of England »
Middle Ages
1412
Joan of Arc is born »
Natural Disasters & Environment
1996
Blizzard of 1996 begins »
U.S. Presidents
1759
Two future presidents marry respective sweethearts »
1919
Theodore Roosevelt dies »
1941
Franklin D. Roosevelt speaks of Four Freedoms »
U.S. Government
1912
New Mexico joins the Union »
2001
Congress certifies George W. Bush winner of 2000 elections »
Vietnam War
1971
Army drops charges of My Lai cover-up »
Westward Expansion
1798
Frontiersman Jedediah Smith is born »
World War II
1942
FDR commits to biggest arms buildup in U.S. history »

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January 7th

1789

First U.S. presidential election
 
Congress sets January 7, 1789 as the date by which states are required to choose electors for the country's first-ever presidential election. A month later, on February 4, George Washington was elected president by state electors and sworn into office on April 30, 1789. read more »
Art, Literature, and Film History
1891
Zora Neale Hurston is born »
1950
"Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer" is the #1 song on the U.S. pop charts »
1955
Marian Anderson becomes first African American to perform at the Met Opera »
Cold War
1959
United States recognizes new Cuban government »
Crime
1901
"Colorado Cannibal" Alferd Packer is paroled »
1946
A case of split personality in puzzling Chicago murders »
Exploration
1785
Two explorers cross the English Channel in a balloon »
France
2015
12 people die in shooting at "Charlie Hebdo" offices »
Natural Disasters & Environment
1892
Mine explodes in Oklahoma »
Sports
1927
Harlem Globetrotters play their first game »
U.S. PRESIDENTS
1953
President Truman announces U.S. has developed hydrogen bomb »
1999
President Clinton's impeachment trial begins »
Vietnam War
1979
Pol Pot overthrown »

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January 9th

1877

Crazy Horse fights last battle
 
On this day in 1877, Crazy Horse and his warriors–outnumbered, low on ammunition and forced to use outdated weapons to defend themselves–fight their final losing battle against the U.S. Cavalry in Montana. Six months earlier, in the Battle of Little Bighorn, Crazy Horse and his ally, Chi... read more »
19th Century
1867
African American men gain the right to vote in Washington, D.C. »
Art, Literature, and Film History
1941
William Randolph Hearst blocks "Citizen Kane" ads »
1946
Elvis Presley receives his first guitar »
1963
Mona Lisa exhibited in Washington »
1976
"Ragtime" wins the National Book Critics Circle Award »
Crime
2011
Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords injured in shooting rampage »
2016
Infamous drug lord "El Chapo" is captured by Mexican authorities »
Gay Rights
1978
Harvey Milk becomes the first openly gay person elected to public office in California »
Inventions & Science
1916
Bugatti brother dies by suicide »
1642
Astronomer Galileo dies in Italy »
Latin America
1959
Fidel Castro arrives in Havana after deposing Batista's regime »
U.S. Presidents
1790
President George Washington delivers first State of the Union »
1918
President Wilson outlines his Fourteen Points »
1992
President George H.W. Bush vomits on the Prime Minister of Japan »
2002
President George W. Bush signs No Child Left Behind Act into law »
U.S. Government
1835
The U.S. national debt reaches $0 for the first time »
War of 1812
1815
The Battle of New Orleans »
World War II
1916
Allies retreat from Gallipoli »
1940
Mussolini questions Hitler's plans »

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January 9th

1493

Columbus mistakes manatees for mermaids
 
On this day in 1493, Italian explorer Christopher Columbus, sailing near the Dominican Republic, sees three "mermaids"–in reality manatees–and describes them as "not half as beautiful as they are painted." Six months earlier, Columbus (1451-1506) set off from Spain across the Atlantic Oc... read more »
HISTORY Vault
Into the Unknown
From Marco Polo to Christopher Columbus, travel along with some of history's most famous explorers, and find out how their discoveries shaped the world.
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21st Century
2001
Apple launches iTunes, revolutionizing how people consume music »
2007
Steve Jobs debuts the iPhone »
American Revolution
1776
Thomas Paine publishes "Common Sense" »
Art, Literature, and Film History
1768
First modern circus is staged »
1924
Virginia Woolf buys a house in Bloomsbury »
1976
Sylvester Stallone starts filming "Rocky" »
1979
Pop luminaries gather at the U.N. for the Music for UNICEF concert »
Civil War
1861
"Star of the West" is fired upon »
Crime
1984
One of the "Hillside Stranglers" sentenced to life »
1970s
1972
Fire breaks out on former RMS Queen Elizabeth »
COLD WARS
1952
President Truman warns of Cold War dangers »
U.S. Presidents
1913
Richard M. Nixon is born »
Westward Expansion
1887
Record cold and snow decimates cattle herds »
World War II
1945
United States invades Luzon in Philippines »

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January 10th

1901

Gusher signals start of U.S. oil industry
 
On this day in 1901, a drilling derrick at Spindletop Hill near Beaumont, Texas, produces an enormous gusher of crude oil, coating the landscape for hundreds of feet and signaling the advent of the American oil industry. The geyser was discovered at a depth of over 1,000 feet, flowed at an initial r... read more »
HISTORY Vault
America: The Story of Us
A look at the people, inventions and industry that helped forge the United States of America.
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Art, Literature, and Film History
2000
AOL-Time Warner formed »
Inventions & Science
2008
World's cheapest car debuts in India »
Natural Disasters & Environment
1962
Avalanche kills thousands in Peru »
Roaring Twenties
1920
League of Nations instituted »
U.S. Presidents
1941
FDR introduces the lend-lease program »
1967
President Johnson asks for more funding for Vietnam War »
Westward Expansion
1843
Outlaw Frank James born in Missouri »
World War I
1923
President Harding orders U.S. troops home from Germany »
World War II
1946
First meeting of the United Nations »

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January 13th

1128

Pope recognizes Knights Templar
 
On this day in 1128, Pope Honorius II grants a papal sanction to the military order known as the Knights Templar, declaring it to be an army of God. Led by the Frenchman Hughes de Payens, the Knights Templar organization was founded in 1118. Its self-imposed mission was to protect Christian pilgrims... read more »
HISTORY Vault
The Knights Templar
Who were the Knights Templar—and what happened to them? Unlock the story of the wealthy, powerful and mysterious secret society.
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Art, Literature, and Film History
1941
James Joyce dies »
1962
Comedian Ernie Kovacs dies in car crash »
1968
Johnny Cash performs at Folsom Prison »
Civil War
1807
Union General Napoleon Bonaparte Buford is born »
COLD WAR
1950
Soviets boycott United Nations Security Council »
Crime
1939
Doc Barker is killed by prison guards as he attempts to escape »
1958
The Manuel Massacres »
Great Britain
1842
After massacre, sole surviving British soldier escapes Kabul »
1980s
1982
Plane crashes into Potomac River »
Sports
1999
Michael Jordan retires for a second time »
U.S. Presidents
1966
Lyndon Johnson appoints first African American cabinet member »
U..S Government
1990
Douglas Wilder of Virginia becomes the nation's first African American governor »
Westward Expansion
1929
Wyatt Earp dies in Los Angeles »

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January 15th

1929

Martin Luther King, Jr. born
 
On January 15, 1929, Martin Luther King, Jr. is born in Atlanta, Georgia, the son of a Baptist minister. King received a doctorate degree in theology and in 1955 helped organized the first major protest of the African-American civil rights movement: the successful Montgomery Bus Boycott. Influenced b... read more »
HISTORY Vault
The Movement that Changed America
Explore the key battles in the Civil Rights Movement that transformed American society—from the Montgomery Bus Boycott to the March on Washington.
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21st Century
2009
Pilot Sully Sullenberger performs "Miracle on the Hudson" »
Africa
1970
Qaddafi becomes premier of Libya »
American Revolution
1777
Vermont declares independence from colony of New York »
Art, Literature, and Film History
1831
"The Hunchback of Notre Dame" is finished »
1972
"American Pie" hits #1 on the pop charts »
1981
"Hill Street Blues" begins run »
EARLY 20th CENTURY U.S.
1919
Great Boston Molasses Flood »
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Great Britain
1559
Elizabeth I crowned Queen of England »
Sports
1967
Packers beat Chiefs in first Super Bowl »
U.S. Politics
1870
First appearance of the Democratic Party donkey »
World War I
1919
Rebel leaders are murdered in failed coup in Berlin »
World War II
1951
The "Witch of Buchenwald" is sentenced to prison »

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January 16th

1919

Prohibition is ratified by the states
 
The 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, prohibiting the "manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors for beverage purposes," is ratified by the requisite number of states on this day in 1919. The movement for the prohibition of alcohol began in the early 19th century, when Americans concerned about ... read more »
HISTORY Vault
Prohibition at 100
It's been called one of the most outlandish periods in American history. Find out just how strange Prohibition got, and explore all the sinister things the government did to get Americans to stop drinking.
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1990s
1991
The Persian Gulf War begins »
Art, Literature, and Film History
1605
Groundbreaking novel "Don Quixote" is published »
1938
Benny Goodman brings jazz to Carnegie Hall »
1942
Actress Carole Lombard killed in plane crash »
Civil War
1861
Crittenden Compromise is killed in Senate »
Cold War
1990
Soviets send troops into Azerbaijan »
Crime
1936
"Moon Maniac" killer is executed »
1997
Bill Cosby's son murdered along CA interstate »
Middle East
1979
Shah flees Iran »
World War I
1916
Montenegro capitulates to Austro-Hungarian forces »
World War II
1945
Hitler descends into his bunker »

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January 17th

1950

Boston thieves pull off historic Brink's robbery
 
On this day in 1950, 11 men steal more than $2 million from the Brink's Armored Car depot in Boston, Massachusetts. It was the perfect crime–almost–as the culprits weren't caught until January 1956, just days before the statute of limitations for the theft expired. The robbery's mas... read more »
HISTORY Vault
Great Heists
From bank heists and the take-down of a major airport, to breaking into a royal palace, these cold-blooded masterminds were born to outsmart the law.
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1990s
1997
Ireland grants a divorce for the first time in the country's history »
19th CENTURY
1893
Americans overthrow Hawaiian monarchy »
American Revolution
1781
Battle of Cowpens, South Carolina »
Art, Literature, and Film History
1820
English author Anne Brontë is born »
1966
NBC greenlights "The Monkees" »
Civil War
1865
Heavy rain traps Union Army »
Cold War
1966
H-bomb lost in Spain »
Crime
1977
The execution of Gary Gilmore »
Inventions & Science
1953
Corvette unveiled at GM Motorama »
Natural Disasters & Environment
1994
Earthquake rocks Los Angeles »
Sports
1916
PGA is formed »
U.S. Presidents
1961
President Eisenhower warns of military-industrial complex »
1994
Paula Jones accuses Bill Clinton of sexual harassment »
Vietnam War
1972
President Nixon threatens President Thieu »
World War I
1916
Winston Churchill hears speech on the tragedy of war »
World War II
1945
Soviets capture Warsaw »

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phkrause

January 18th

1919

Post-World War I peace conference begins in Paris
 
On this day in Paris, France, some of the most powerful people in the world meet to begin the long, complicated negotiations that would officially mark the end of the First World War. Leaders of the victorious Allied powers–France, Great Britain, the United States and Italy–would make mo... read more »
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Art, Literature, and Film History
1975
"Mandy" is Barry Manilow's first #1 pop hit »
1985
Coen brothers release debut film, "Blood Simple" »
Civil War
1862
President John Tyler dies »
Crime
1990
Washington, D.C. mayor Marion Barry arrested on drug charges »
Exploration
1778
Captain Cook reaches Hawaii »
1912
Robert Falcon Scott reaches the South Pole »
Inventions & Science
2009
GM auctions off historic cars »
Sports
1958
NHL is integrated »
U.S. Presidents
1803
President Jefferson requests funding for Lewis and Clark expedition »
Vietnam War
1950
China and Soviet Union recognize Democratic Republic of Vietnam »

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phkrause

January 19th

1809

Edgar Allan Poe is born
 
On this day in 1809, poet, author and literary critic Edgar Allan Poe is born in Boston, Massachusetts. By the time he was three years old, both of Poe's parents had died, leaving him in the care of his godfather, John Allan, a wealthy tobacco merchant. After attending school in England, Poe entered... read more »
HISTORY Vault
The Mystery of Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe is the all-time master of the macabre, but the story of his life was more bizarre than the tales he told.
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American Revolution
1764
John Wilkes expelled from British Parliament »
Art, Literature, and Film History
1993
Production begins on "Toy Story" »
1993
Fleetwood Mac reunites to play "Don't Stop" at Bill Clinton's first inaugural ball »
CHINA
2007
First McDonald's drive-through opens in Beijing »
Civil War
1807
Robert E. Lee born »
Crime
1999
Man charged in California cyberstalking case »
Exploration
1840
Charles Wilkes claims portion of Antarctica for U.S. »
India
1966
Indira Gandhi becomes Indian prime minister »
U.S. Presidents
1977
President Ford pardons Tokyo Rose »
World War I
1915
First air raid on Britain »

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phkrause

JANUARY 20TH

1981

Iran Hostage Crisis ends
 
Minutes after Ronald Reagan's inauguration as the 40th president of the United States, the 52 U.S. captives held at the U.S. embassy in Teheran, Iran, are released, ending the 444-day Iran Hostage Crisis. On November 4, 1979, the crisis began when militant Iranian students, outraged that the U.S. go... read more »
1990s
1996
Yasser Arafat elected leader of Palestine »
Art, Literature, and Film History
1971
Marvin Gaye's hit single "What's Going On?" released »
1973
Country star Jerry Lee Lewis rocks the Grand Ole Opry »
1993
Actress Audrey Hepburn dies »
China
1841
Hong Kong ceded to the British »
Civil War
1863
Mud March begins »
Crime
1974
Football player-turned-murderer born »
Sports
1980
President Carter calls for Olympics to be moved from Moscow »
1980
Bullfight spectators die when bleachers collapse »
U.S. Presidents
1937
FDR inaugurated to second term »
1945
FDR inaugurated to fourth term »
1961
John F. Kennedy inaugurated »
1969
Richard Nixon takes office »
1981
Ronald Reagan becomes president »
2009
Barack Obama is inaugurated »
2017
Donald Trump is inaugurated »
World War II
1942
Nazi officials discuss "Final Solution" at the Wannsee Conference »

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phkrause

January 21st

1977

President Carter pardons draft dodgers
 
On this day in 1977, U.S. President Jimmy Carter grants an unconditional pardon to hundreds of thousands of men who evaded the draft during the Vietnam War. In total, some 100,000 young Americans went abroad in the late 1960s and early 70s to avoid serving in the war. Ninety percent went to Canada, ... read more »
21st Century
2017
Women's March »
American Revolution
1738
Ethan Allen is born »
COLD WaR
1950
Accused spy Alger Hiss convicted of perjury »
Crime
1959
Actor Carl Switzer of "Our Gang" killed »
France
1793
King Louis XVI executed »
Inventions & Science
1976
Concorde takes off »
1855
Gun designer John Browning is born »
2009
Toyota officially passes GM as planet's biggest car maker »
Russia
1924
Vladimir Lenin dies »
Sports
1990
John McEnroe disqualified from the Australian Open »
Vietnam War
1968
Battle of Khe Sanh begins »

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