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October 1
1890
Yosemite National Park established
On October 1, 1890, an act of Congress creates Yosemite National Park, home of such natural wonders as Half Dome and the giant sequoia trees. Environmental trailblazer John Muir (1838-1914) and his colleagues campaigned for the congressional action, which was signed into law by President Benjamin Ha... read more
Yosemite
The Sierra Nevada, North America's highest mountain range, contains one of the most awe-inspiring geological features on the planet: Yosemite Valley. How was this extraordinary site created?
Stream this episode on HISTORY Vault—the best destination for thousands of HISTORY’s most fascinating series, documentaries and specials—all commercial free.
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21st Century
2005
Suicide bombers stage attacks in Bali
Art, Literature, and Film History
1920
Scientific American reports that radio will soon be used to transmit music to the home
1962
Johnny Carson makes debut as "Tonight Show" host
China
1949
Mao Zedong proclaims People's Republic of China
Civil War
1864
Confederate spy Rose O'Neal Greenhow dies
Cold War
1988
Mikhail Gorbachev becomes head of Soviet Union
Crime
1910
A bomb explodes in the Los Angeles Times building
1993
A 12-year-old girl is kidnapped, leading to California's "three strikes" law
2017
Gunman opens fire on Las Vegas concert crowd, wounding hundreds and killing 58
Inventions & Science
1908
Ford Motor Company unveils the Model T
Middle East
1918
Lawrence of Arabia captures Damascus
Natural Disasters & Environment
1987
Earthquake rocks Southern California
Sports
1961
Roger Maris breaks home-run record
U.S. Presidents
1924
Jimmy Carter is born
World War II
1944
Experiments begin on homosexuals at Buchenwald
1946
Nazi war criminals sentenced at Nuremberg
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I love this historical kind of trivia!  Thanks for posting it, pK...

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October 2
1985
Hollywood icon Rock Hudson dies of AIDS
On October 2, 1985, actor Rock Hudson, 59, becomes the first major U.S. celebrity to die of complications from AIDS. Hudson's death raised public awareness of the epidemic, which until that time had been ignored by many in the mainstream as a "gay plague." Hudson, born Leroy Harold Scherer Jr., on N... read more
American Revolution
1780
Benedict Arnold accomplice hanged
Black History
1967
Thurgood Marshall sworn in as first Black Supreme Court justice
Cold War
1958
The Cold War comes to Africa, as Guinea gains its independence
Crime
2006
Gunman kills five students at Amish school
U.S. Presidents
1919
Woodrow Wilson suffers a stroke
Westward Expansion
1835
First shots of the Texas Revolution fired in the Battle of Gonzales
World War II
1941
Operation Typhoon is launched
1944
Warsaw Uprising ends
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October 3
1995
O.J. Simpson acquitted
At the end of a sensational trial, former football star O.J. Simpson is acquitted of the brutal 1994 double murder of his estranged wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and her friend, Ronald Goldman. In the epic 252-day trial, Simpson's "dream team" of lawyers employed creative and controversial methods to ... read more
Art, Literature, and Film History
1895
"The Red Badge of Courage" is published
1967
Writer, singer and folk icon Woody Guthrie dies
1992
Sinéad O'Connor tears up a photo of Pope John Paul II on "Saturday Night Live"
Cold War
1990
East and West Germany reunite after 45 years
Crime
2011
Amanda Knox murder conviction overturned in Italy
Great Britain
1981
Maze hunger strike called off
Middle East
1932
Iraq wins independence
Sports
1951
A miraculous home run wins the pennant for NY Giants
U.S. Presidents
1863
President Lincoln proclaims official Thanksgiving holiday
Westward Expansion
1873
U.S. Army hangs four Modoc leaders for the murder of a Civil War general
World War I
1917
War Revenue Act passed in U.S.
World War II
1942
Germany conducts first successful V-2 rocket test
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October 4
1957
Sputnik launched
The Soviet Union inaugurates the "Space Age" with its launch of Sputnik, the world's first artificial satellite. The spacecraft, named Sputnik after the Russian word for "satellite," was launched at 10:29 p.m. Moscow time from the Tyuratam launch base in the Kazakh Republic. Sputnik had a diameter o... read more
1990s
1992
Plane crashes into apartment building
American Revolution
1777
Both sides battered at Germantown
Art, Literature, and Film History
1937
Blues singer Bessie Smith, killed in Mississippi car wreck, is buried
1970
Janis Joplin dies of a heroin overdose
1990
"Beverly Hills, 90210" debuts
Civil War
1861
President Lincoln watches a balloon ascension
Crime
1988
Televangelist Jim Bakker is indicted on federal charges
2011
Man who served 25 years for murder exonerated by DNA
Sports
1955
Brooklyn Dodgers win their first World Series
U.S. Presidents
1927
Work begins on Mount Rushmore
Vietnam War
1966
Pope calls for end to the Vietnam War
World War I
1918
Germany telegraphs President Wilson seeking armistice
World War II
1944
General Eisenhower warns of the risk of "shell shock"
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October 5
2011
Apple founder Steve Jobs dies
On October 5, 2011, Steve Jobs, the visionary co-founder of Apple Inc., which revolutionized the computer, music and mobile communications industries with such devices as the Macintosh, iPod, iPhone and iPad, dies at age 56 of complications from pancreatic cancer. Born on February 24, 1955, in San F... read more
21st Century
2017
New York Times publishes bombshell investigation into allegations against Harvey Weinstein
American Revolution
1775
General Washington informs Congress of espionage
Art, Literature, and Film History
1978
Isaac Singer wins Nobel Prize in Literature
1990
"Henry & June" is first NC-17 film shown in theaters
Cold War
1986
Iran-Contra scandal unravels
Crime
1892
The Dalton Gang is wiped out in Coffeyville, Kansas
Exploration
1974
American circumnavigates the globe on foot
Inventions & Science
1919
Enzo Ferrari makes his debut as a race car driver
1930
Airship crashes in France
Native Americans
1877
Chief Joseph surrenders
Religion
1989
Dalai Lama wins Nobel Peace Prize
U.S. Presidents
1947
Harry Truman delivers first-ever presidential speech on TV
War of 1812
1813
Shawnee chief Tecumseh is defeated
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October 6
1866
The Reno brothers carry out the first train robbery in U.S. history
On October 6, 1866, the brothers John and Simeon Reno stage the first train robbery in American history, making off with $13,000 from an Ohio and Mississippi railroad train in Jackson County, Indiana. Of course, trains had been robbed before the Reno brothers' holdup. But these previous crimes had a... read more
Cold War
1961
President Kennedy urges Americans to build bomb shelters
1973
The Yom Kippur War brings United States and USSR to brink of conflict
Colonial America
1683
First Mennonites arrive in America
Crime
1981
The president of Egypt is assassinated
Sports
1926
Babe Ruth sets a World Series record
U.S. Presidents
1996
Bill Clinton debates Bob Dole
World War I
1908
Austria-Hungary annexes Bosnia-Herzegovina
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October 7
2003
Arnold Schwarzenegger becomes California governor
On October 7, 2003, actor Arnold Schwarzenegger is elected governor of California, the most populous state in the nation with the world's fifth-largest economy. Despite his inexperience, Schwarzenegger came out on top in the 11-week campaign to replace Gray Davis, who had earlier become the first U... read more
21st Century
2001
U.S.-led attack on Afghanistan begins
American Revolution
1780
Battle of King's Mountain
Art, Literature, and Film History
1955
Poet Allen Ginsberg reads "Howl" for the first time
1960
CBS broadcasts the premiere episode of "Route 66″
1975
A New York judge reverses John Lennon's deportation order
1983
Sean Connery plays James Bond in "Never Say Never Again"
Civil War
1864
Union and Confederate forces clash at Battle of Darbytown Road
Cold War
1949
East Germany created
1960
Kennedy and Nixon debate Cold War foreign policy
Crime
1985
Palestinian terrorists hijack an Italian cruise ship
Inventions & Science
1913
Moving assembly line debuts at Ford factory
World War II
1943
Japanese execute nearly 100 American POWs on Wake Island
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October 8
1871
Great Chicago Fire begins
On October 8, 1871, flames spark in the Chicago barn of Patrick and Catherine O'Leary, igniting a two-day blaze that kills between 200 and 300 people, destroys 17,450 buildings, leaves 100,000 homeless and causes an estimated $200 million (in 1871 dollars; roughly $4 billion in 2020 dollars) in damages. Leg... read more
HISTORY This Week Podcast
October 8, 1939. Thousands welcome the next Dalai Lama, a 4-year-old boy, who will become the leader of the Tibetan people at age 15 in the midst of war. What can his life teach us about leadership?
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21st Century
2001
The Office of Homeland Security is founded
2014
First person in U.S. diagnosed with Ebola dies
Art, Literature, and Film History
1957
Jerry Lee Lewis records "Great Balls Of Fire" in Memphis, Tennessee
1970
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn wins the Nobel Prize in Literature
Crime
2009
Self-help guru's sweat lodge ceremony turns deadly
 
Latin America
1967
Che Guevara captured by Bolivian army
Natural Disasters & Environment
1871
Massive fire burns in Wisconsin
Vietnam War
1970
Communists reject Nixon's peace proposal
World War I
1918
U.S. soldier Alvin York displays heroics at Argonne
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October 9
1967
Che Guevara is executed
On October 9, 1967, socialist revolutionary and guerilla leader Che Guevara, age 39, is killed by the Bolivian army. The U.S.-military-backed Bolivian forces captured Guevara on October 8 while battling his band of guerillas in Bolivia and executed him the following day. His hands were cut off as pr... read more
Art, Literature, and Film History
1946
"The Iceman Cometh," by Eugene O'Neill, opens on Broadway
Colonial America
1635
Rhode Island founder banished from Massachusetts
Crime
1942
A Chicago bootlegger escapes from prison
Germany
1974
Oskar Schindler—credited with saving 1,200 Jews during the Holocaust—dies
Inventions & Science
1936
Hoover Dam begins transmitting electricity to Los Angeles
1992
Meteorite crashes into Chevy Malibu
Natural Disasters & Environment
1963
Landslide kills thousands in Italy
Russia
1975
Andrei Sakharov wins Nobel Peace Prize
World War II
1940
St. Paul's Cathedral bombed
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October 1
1890
Yosemite National Park established
On October 1, 1890, an act of Congress creates Yosemite National Park, home of such natural wonders as Half Dome and the giant sequoia trees. Environmental trailblazer John Muir (1838-1914) and his colleagues campaigned for the congressional action, which was signed into law by President Benjamin Ha... read more
Yosemite
The Sierra Nevada, North America's highest mountain range, contains one of the most awe-inspiring geological features on the planet: Yosemite Valley. How was this extraordinary site created?
Stream this episode on HISTORY Vault—the best destination for thousands of HISTORY’s most fascinating series, documentaries and specials—all commercial free.
Start Free Trial
21st Century
2005
Suicide bombers stage attacks in Bali
Art, Literature, and Film History
1920
Scientific American reports that radio will soon be used to transmit music to the home
1962
Johnny Carson makes debut as "Tonight Show" host
China
1949
Mao Zedong proclaims People's Republic of China
Civil War
1864
Confederate spy Rose O'Neal Greenhow dies
Cold War
1988
Mikhail Gorbachev becomes head of Soviet Union
Crime
1910
A bomb explodes in the Los Angeles Times building
1993
A 12-year-old girl is kidnapped, leading to California's "three strikes" law
2017
Gunman opens fire on Las Vegas concert crowd, wounding hundreds and killing 58
Inventions & Science
1908
Ford Motor Company unveils the Model T
Middle East
1918
Lawrence of Arabia captures Damascus
Natural Disasters & Environment
1987
Earthquake rocks Southern California
Sports
1961
Roger Maris breaks home-run record
U.S. Presidents
1924
Jimmy Carter is born
World War II
1944
Experiments begin on homosexuals at Buchenwald
1946
Nazi war criminals sentenced at Nuremberg
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October 11
2002
Jimmy Carter wins Nobel Peace Prize
On October 11, 2002, former President Jimmy Carter wins the Nobel Peace Prize "for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development." Carter, a peanut farmer from Georgia, serve... read more
The Presidents: 1977 - Present
Presidents from Jimmy Carter to George W. Bush grapple with a new world order defined by the fall of the Berlin Wall and shattered by the specter of global terrorism.
Stream this episode on HISTORY Vault—the best destination for thousands of HISTORY’s most fascinating series, documentaries and specials—all commercial free.
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Africa
1899
Boer War begins in South Africa
American Revolution
1776
Benedict Arnold fights valiantly at Valcour Island
Art, Literature, and Film History
1971
John Lennon's "Imagine" is released
1975
Bruce Springsteen scores his first pop hit with "Born to Run"
1975
"Saturday Night Live" debuts
Cold War
1986
Soviet-U.S. arms control talks break down over President Reagan's "Star Wars" initiative
Early U.S.
1793
Yellow fever breaks out in Philadelphia
Religion
1962
Pope John XXIII opens Vatican II
Space Exploration
1968
Apollo 7 launched
U.S. Presidents
1975
Bill Clinton marries Hillary Rodham
Vietnam War
1954
Viet Minh take control in the north
Westward Expansion
1809
Meriwether Lewis dies along the Natchez Trace, Tennessee
World War I
1915
Bulgaria enters World War I
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October 12
1492
Columbus reaches the "New World"
After sailing across the Atlantic Ocean, Italian explorer Christopher Columbus sights a Bahamian island, believing he has reached East Asia. His expedition went ashore the same day and claimed the land for Isabella and Ferdinand of Spain, who sponsored his attempt to find a western ocean route to Ch... read more
Christopher Columbus
By discovering the Americas for Europe, Christopher Columbus helped make Spain the wealthiest and most powerful nation on earth. Why did he die empty-handed and forgotten?
Stream this episode on HISTORY Vault—the best destination for thousands of HISTORY’s most fascinating series, documentaries and specials—all commercial free.
Start Free Trial
21st Century
2002
Terrorists kill 202 in Bali
Art, Literature, and Film History
1940
Silent-film star Tom Mix dies in Arizona car wreck
1997
John Denver dies in an aircraft accident
2007
Al Gore wins Nobel Prize in the wake of "An Inconvenient Truth"
Civil War
1870
Robert E. Lee dies
COLD WAR
1960
Nikita Khrushchev allegedly brandishes his shoe at the United Nations
Crime
1998
Matthew Shepard, victim of anti-gay hate crime, dies
2000
USS Cole attacked by terrorists
Germany
1810
The origin of Oktoberfest
Natural Disasters & Environment
1918
Fire rages in Minnesota
Space Exploration
1964
USSR leads the space race
U.S. Presidents
1786
Thomas Jefferson composes romantic letter
Vietnam War
1972
Racial violence breaks out aboard U.S. Navy ships
World War I
1915
British nurse Edith Cavell executed
World War II
1945
Conscientious objector awarded Medal of Honor
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October 13
1792
White House cornerstone laid
The cornerstone is laid for a presidential residence in the newly designated capital city of Washington. In 1800, President John Adams became the first president to reside in the executive mansion, which soon became known as the "White House" because its white-gray Virginia freestone contrasted stri... read more
American Revolution
1775
Continental Congress authorizes first naval force
Art, Literature, and Film History
1957
Atomic Age sci-fi thriller "The Amazing Colossal Man" opens
1975
Singer Charlie Rich protests John Denver's big win at the CMA Awards
Crime
1999
Grand jury dismissed in JonBenét Ramsey murder case
Germany
1977
Palestinians hijack German airliner
Latin America
2010
Chilean miners are rescued after 69 days underground
Sports
1967
American Basketball Association debuts
War of 1812
1812
Sir Isaac Brock saves Canada from US invasion
World War II
1943
Italy declares war on Germany
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October 14
1947
Chuck Yeager breaks the sound barrier
U.S. Air Force Captain Chuck Yeager becomes the first person to fly faster than the speed of sound. Yeager, born in Myra, West Virginia, in 1923, was a combat fighter during World War II and flew 64 missions over Europe. He shot down 13 German planes and was himself shot down over France, but he esc... read more
Breaking the Sound Barrier
For decades, the sound barrier loomed as an impenetrable wall against manned flight. This is the dramatic story leading up to Oct. 14, 1947 when 24-year-old test pilot Chuck Yeager smashed through the sound barrier in a Bell XS-1 aircraft.
Stream this episode on HISTORY Vault—the best destination for thousands of HISTORY’s most fascinating series, documentaries and specials—all commercial free.
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Art, Literature, and Film History
1892
"The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes" published
1957
"Wake Up Little Susie" becomes the Everly Brothers' first #1 hit
1994
"Pulp Fiction" opens in theaters
Black History
1964
Martin Luther King, Jr. wins Nobel Peace Prize
Cold War
1962
Cuban Missile Crisis begins
Crime
1975
Trial begins in Amityville murders
Great Britain
1066
The Battle of Hastings
U.S. Presidents
1890
Dwight D. Eisenhower is born
1912
Theodore Roosevelt shot in Milwaukee
Soviet Union
1964
Nikita Khrushchev ousted as premier of Soviet Union
Vietnam War
1968
U.S. servicemen sent to Vietnam for second tours
World War I
1918
Adolf Hitler wounded in British gas attack
World War II
1944
German General Erwin Rommel—aka "The Desert Fox"—dies by suicide
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October 15
1917
Exotic dancer and spy Mata Hari is executed
Mata Hari, the archetype of the seductive female spy, is executed for espionage by a French firing squad at Vincennes outside of Paris. She first came to Paris in 1905 and found fame as a performer of Asian-inspired dances. She soon began touring all over Europe, telling the story of how she ... read more
Civil War
1863
H.L. Hunley sinks during tests
Crime
1948
A murderous husband is executed
Inventions & Science
2004
"Funeral coaches" exempted from car-seat law
Soviet Union
1990
Mikhail Gorbachev wins Nobel Peace Prize
Sports
1989
Wayne Gretzky breaks NHL points record
U.S. Presidents
1948
Gerald Ford marries Elizabeth Bloomer
U.S. Government
1991
Clarence Thomas confirmed to the Supreme Court
Vietnam War
1965
Draft card burning demonstrations staged across the country
Native American History
1880
Chiricahua Apache leader Victorio is killed south of El Paso, Texas
World War II
1945
Vichy leader executed for treason
1946
High-ranking Nazi leader Hermann Göring dies
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