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March 26
1953
Dr. Jonas Salk announces polio vaccine
On March 26, 1953, American medical researcher Dr. Jonas Salk announces on a national radio show that he has successfully tested a vaccine against poliomyelitis, the virus that causes the crippling disease of polio. In 1952—an epidemic year for polio—there were 58,000 new cases reported in the United States, and more than 3,000 died from the disease... read more
Art, Literature, and Film History
1920
F. Scott Fitzgerald's first novel published
1955
Black music gets whitewashed, as Georgia Gibbs hits the pop charts with "The Wallflower (Dance With Me, Henry)"
Crime
1987
Torture chamber uncovered in Philadelphia
1997
Heaven's Gate cult members found dead
Red Scare
1950
Joseph McCarthy charges that Owen Lattimore is a Soviet spy
1970s
1979
Israel-Egypt peace agreement signed
U.S. Presidents
1804
President Jefferson presented with a “mammoth loaf” of bread
Vietnam War
1969
Antiwar demonstration in Washington
World War II
1941
Naval warfare gets new weapon
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I love this historical kind of trivia!  Thanks for posting it, pK...

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March 27
1912
Japanese cherry trees planted along the Potomac
In Washington, D.C., Helen Taft, wife of President William Taft, and the Viscountess Chinda, wife of the Japanese ambassador, plant two Yoshino cherry trees on the northern bank of the Potomac River, near the Jefferson Memorial. The event was held in celebration of a gift, by the Japanese government, of 3,020 cherry trees to the U.S. government... read more
Surrogacy on the Stand
HISTORY This Week Podcast
March 27,1986. Surrogate Mary Whitehead is delivering William and Elizabeth Stern's child. But, once the baby is born, she has a change of heart and runs. How did this two year legal battle alter our understanding of parenthood forever, and who is Baby M's mother?
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1970s
1977
Jumbo jets collide at Canary Islands airport
American Revolution
1775
Thomas Jefferson elected to the Continental Congress
Art, Literature, and Film History
1973
Marlon Brando declines Best Actor Oscar
1979
Pattie Boyd and Eric Clapton are married
Civil War
1865
Lincoln, Sherman and Grant plan final stages of Civil War
Crime
1905
Fingerprint evidence is used to solve a British murder case
Inventions & Science
1952
Kiichiro Toyoda, founder of the Toyota Motor Corporation, dies
1998
FDA approves Viagra
Natural Disasters & Environment
1964
Earthquake rocks Alaska
Russia
1958
Khrushchev becomes Soviet premier
Sports
1939
"March Madness" crowns its first men's NCAA Champion
U.S. Presidents
1829
President Jackson appoints John Eaton as secretary of war and starts scandal
Westward Expansion
1836
Mexican army executes 417 Texas revolutionaries at Goliad
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March 28
1979
Nuclear disaster at Three Mile Island
At 4 a.m. on March 28, 1979, the worst accident in the history of the U.S. nuclear power industry begins when a pressure valve in the Unit-2 reactor at Three Mile Island fails to close. Cooling water, contaminated with radiation, drained from the open valve into adjoining buildings, and the core beg... read more
American Revolution
1774
British Parliament adopts the Coercive Acts in response to the Boston Tea Party
Art, Literature, and Film History
1958
W.C. Handy—the "Father of the Blues"—dies
Civil War
1862
Union forces halt Confederates at Battle of Glorieta Pass
Crime
1814
Funeral held for the man behind the guillotine
2006
Duke lacrosse team suspended following sexual assault allegations
Sports
1984
Baltimore Colts move to Indianapolis
U.S. Presidents
1834
Congress censures President Jackson
1969
President Eisenhower dies
World War I
1915
First American citizen killed during WWI
Europe
1939
Spanish Civil War ends
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March 29
1973
U.S. withdraws from Vietnam
Two months after the signing of the Vietnam peace agreement, the last U.S. combat troops leave South Vietnam as Hanoi frees the remaining American prisoners of war held in North Vietnam. America's direct eight-year intervention in the Vietnam War was at an end. In Saigon, some 7,000 U.S. Department ... read more
Civil War
1865
Appomattox, the final campaign in the Civil War, begins
Cold War
1951
Rosenbergs convicted of espionage
Crime
1951
The "Mad Bomber" strikes in New York
Inventions & Science
1958
Keeling Curve, showing increase of carbon dioxide in Earth's atmosphere, is discovered
Space Exploration
1974
U.S. space probe, Mariner, visits Mercury
U.S. Presidents
1929
Herbert Hoover has telephone installed in Oval Office
Vietnam War
1971
Lt. William Calley found guilty of My Lai murders
World War I
1917
Swedish prime minister resigns over WWI policy
World War II
1945
Gen. George Patton takes Frankfurt
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March 30
1870
15th Amendment adopted
Following its ratification by the requisite three-fourths of the states, the 15th Amendment, granting African American men the right to vote, is formally adopted into the U.S. Constitution. Passed by Congress the year before, the amendment reads, “the right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.”... read more
19th Century
1867
U.S. purchase of Alaska ridiculed as "Seward's Folly"
American Revolution
1775
King George endorses New England Restraining Act
Art, Literature, and Film History
1974
John Denver has his first #1 hit with "Sunshine On My Shoulders"
Cold War
1948
Henry Wallace criticizes Truman's Cold War policies
France
1814
Napoleon's forces defeated in Paris
Inventions & Science
2009
President Obama announces auto industry shakeup
Natural Disasters & Environment
1980
Oil workers drown in North Sea
U.S. Politics
1855
Violence disrupts first Kansas election
U.S. Presidents
1981
President Reagan shot
Vietnam War
1965
Bomb explodes outside U.S. Embassy in Saigon
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March 31
1889
Eiffel Tower opens
On March 31, 1889, the Eiffel Tower is dedicated in Paris in a ceremony presided over by Gustave Eiffel, the tower's designer, and attended by French Prime Minister Pierre Tirard, a handful of other dignitaries, and 200 construction workers. In 1889, to honor of the centenary of the French Revolutio... read more
American Revolution
1776
Abigail Adams urges husband to "remember the ladies"
Art, Literature, and Film History
1943
"Oklahoma!" premieres on Broadway
1999
"The Matrix" released in theaters
China
1959
Dalai Lama begins exile
Cold War
1991
Warsaw Pact ends
Crime
1999
Evidence of murder is uncovered in New Mexico
Japan
1854
Treaty of Kanagawa signed with Japan
Religion
1492
Spain announces it will expel all Jews
World War I
1905
The First Moroccan Crisis
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April 1
1700
April Fools' tradition popularized
On April 1, 1700, English pranksters begin popularizing the annual tradition of April Fools' Day by playing practical jokes on each other. Although the day, also called All Fools' Day, has been celebrated for several centuries by different cultures, its exact origins remain a mystery. Some historian... read more
American Revolution
1789
First U.S. House of Representatives elects speaker
Art, Literature, and Film History
1816
Jane Austen declines royal writing advice
1963
Soap operas "General Hospital" and "The Doctors" premiere
1984
Marvin Gaye is shot and killed by his own father
Colonial America
1621
The Pilgrim-Wampanoag peace treaty
Crime
1924
Hitler sentenced for his role in Beer Hall Putsch
Great Britain
1918
RAF founded
Inventions & Science
1993
The "Polish Prince" killed in plane crash
Natural Disasters & Environment
1946
Alaskan earthquake triggers massive tsunami
U.S. Presidents
1970
President Nixon signs legislation banning cigarette ads on TV and radio
World War II
1945
U.S. troops land on Okinawa
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April 2
2005
Pope John Paul II dies
On April 2, 2005, John Paul II, history's most well-traveled pope and the first non-Italian to hold the position since the 16th century, dies at his home in the Vatican. Six days later, two million people packed Vatican City for his funeral, said to be the biggest funeral in history. John Paul II wa... read more
Art, Literature, and Film History
1805
Hans Christian Andersen is born
Crime
1992
Mob boss John Gotti convicted of murder
Exploration
1513
Ponce de León claims Florida for Spain
Latin America
1982
Argentina invades Falklands
1970s
1979
Anthrax poisoning kills 62 in Russia
Women's History
1917
Jeannette Rankin, first woman elected to U.S. Congress, assumes office
World War I
1917
President Wilson asks for declaration of war
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April 3
1860
Pony Express debuts
On April 3, 1860, the first Pony Express mail, traveling by horse and rider relay teams, simultaneously leaves St. Joseph, Missouri, and Sacramento, California. Ten days later, on April 13, the westbound rider and mail packet completed the approximately 1,800-mile journey and arrived in Sacramento, ... read more
148 Tornadoes in 18 Hours
HISTORY This Week Podcast
April 3,1974. Nearly 150 tornadoes hit the United States within 24 hours, making it the largest outbreak in the nation's history. Why did so many deadly tornadoes hit on this one day? And how did it spur life-saving changes that are still with us decades later?
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American Revolution
1776
Congress authorizes privateers to attack British vessels
Art, Literature, and Film History
1948
"The Louisiana Hayride" radio program premieres on KWKH-AM Shreveport
1955
ACLU says it will contest obscenity of "Howl"
1978
"Annie Hall" beats out "Star Wars" for Best Picture
Civil War
1865
Confederate capital of Richmond is captured
Crime
1882
Jesse James is murdered
1936
Bruno Hauptmann, convicted of kidnapping Lindbergh's son, executed
1996
Unabomber arrested
1990s
1996
U.S. Secretary of Commerce, Ron Brown, killed in plane crash
U.S. Presidents
1948
President Harry Truman signs Marshall Plan
Vietnam War
1969
Nixon administration vows to "Vietnamize" the war
Westward Expansion
1817
Texas Ranger "Big Foot" Wallace born
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April 4
1968
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. is assassinated
Just after 6 p.m. on April 4, 1968, Martin Luther King, Jr. is fatally shot while standing on the balcony outside his second-story room at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee. The civil rights leader was in Memphis to support a sanitation workers' strike and was on his way to dinner when a bull... read more
1970s
1973
World Trade Center, then the world's tallest building, opens in New York City
21st Century
2007
Radio host Don Imus makes offensive remarks about Rutgers' women's basketball team
American Revolution
1776
General George Washington begins march to New York
Art, Literature, and Film History
1928
Maya Angelou is born
1960
"Ben-Hur" wins 11 Academy Awards
2013
Movie critic Roger Ebert dies
Cold War
1949
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) pact signed
Inventions & Science
1975
Microsoft founded
1930s
1933
Dirigible crash kills 73 in New Jersey
Sports
1974
Hank Aaron ties Babe Ruth's home run record
U.S. Presidents
1841
President Harrison dies—32 days into office
1865
President Lincoln dreams about his assassination
Vietnam War
1967
Martin Luther King, Jr. speaks out against the war
World War I
1918
Second Battle of the Somme ends
World War II
1884
Isoroku Yamamoto, Japan's mastermind of the Pearl Harbor attack, is born
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April 6
1917
The United States officially enters World War I
Two days after the U.S. Senate voted 82 to 6 to declare war against Germany, the U.S. House of Representatives endorses the declaration by a vote of 373 to 50, and America formally enters World War I. When World War I erupted in 1914, President Woodrow Wilson pledged neutrality for the United States... read more
Art, Literature, and Film History
1895
Writer Oscar Wilde arrested in England
1968
"2001: A Space Odyssey" released in theaters
Civil War
1862
Battle of Shiloh begins
Crime
1970
Sam Sheppard, the inspiration for "The Fugitive," dies
Exploration
1909
Robert Peary almost reaches the North Pole
Native Americans
1832
Black Hawk War begins
Religion
1830
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints established
Sports
1896
First modern Olympic Games
U.S. Presidents
1841
John Tyler is inaugurated as 10th president
World War II
1941
Germany invades Yugoslavia and Greece
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April 7
1994
Violence erupts in Rwanda, foreshadowing genocide
On April 7, 1994, violence fuels the launch of what would become the worst episode of genocide since World War II: the massacre of an estimated 500,000 to 1 million innocent civilian Tutsis and moderate Hutus. Following the first wave of massacres, Rwandan forces manage to discourage international i... read more
 
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1950s
1953
Sweden's Dag Hammarskjöld elected U.N. head
1960s
1963
Tito is made president of Yugoslavia for life
Art, Literature, and Film History
1970
John Wayne wins Best Actor Oscar
Civil War
1862
Battle of Shiloh concludes
Cold War
1954
President Eisenhower delivers Cold War "domino theory" speech
U.S. Presidents
1961
JFK lobbies Congress to help save historic sites in Egypt
Westward Expansion
1805
Lewis and Clark depart Fort Mandan
World War II
1945
Japanese battleship Yamato is sunk by Allied forces
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April 8
1974
Hank Aaron breaks Babe Ruth's all-time home run record
On April 8, 1974, Hank Aaron of the Atlanta Braves hits his 715th career home run, breaking Babe Ruth's legendary record of 714 homers. A crowd of 53,775 people, the largest in the history of Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium, was with Aaron that night to cheer when he hit a 4th inning pitch off the Los... read more
HISTORY This Week Podcast
Tied with Babe Ruth for all-time home runs, Hank Aaron is poised to make history. With one swing of the bat, he can break Ruth’s record. But not everyone in America wants to see this happen. What is the real story—of threats, fear, and danger—behind Aaron’s record-breaking game?
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1990s
1990
18-year-old Ryan White, national symbol of the AIDS crisis, dies
Africa
1953
Jomo Kenyatta jailed for Mau Mau uprising in Kenya
2009
Somali pirates hijack Maersk Alabama ship
Art, Literature, and Film History
1990
"Twin Peaks" premieres on ABC
1994
Grunge icon Kurt Cobain is found dead three days after his suicide
Crime
2005
Olympic Park bomber Eric Rudolph agrees to plead guilty
Great Depression
1935
Works Progress Administration established by Congress as part of FDR's "New Deal"
Religion
563
Buddhists celebrate birth of Gautama Buddha
Space Exploration
1993
Astronaut Ellen Ochoa becomes the first Hispanic woman in space
Vietnam War
1972
North Vietnamese forces open a third front
Women's History
2013
Margaret Thatcher, Britain's first female prime minister, dies
World War I
1904
Britain and France sign Entente Cordiale
World War II
1944
Russians attack Germans in drive to expel them from Crimea
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April 9
mail?url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.history.com%2
1865
Robert E. Lee surrenders
In Appomattox Court House, Virginia, Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrenders his 28,000 troops to Union General Ulysses S. Grant, effectively ending the American Civil War. Forced to abandon the Confederate capital of Richmond, blocked from joining the surviving Confederate force... read more
Art, Literature, and Film History
1859
Mark Twain receives steamboat pilot's license
1939
Marian Anderson sings on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial
1962
Rita Moreno becomes the first Hispanic woman to win an Oscar
Cold War
1987
U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz condemns Soviet spying
Crime
1881
Billy the Kid convicted of murder
1984
Man attempts to kill wife for money using car bomb
Great Britain
2005
Prince Charles and Camilla Parker Bowles wed
Middle East
2003
Baghdad falls to U.S. forces
Space Exploration
1959
NASA introduces America's first astronauts
Vietnam War
1969
"Chicago Eight" plead not guilty to federal conspiracy charges
World War II
1940
Germany invades Norway and Denmark
1942
Troops surrender in Bataan, Philippines, in largest-ever U.S. surrender
1945
Anti-Nazi theologian Dietrich Bonhoeffer is hanged
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April 10
mail?url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.history.com%2
1866
ASPCA is founded
On April 10, 1866, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) is founded in New York City by philanthropist and diplomat Henry Bergh, 54. In 1863, Bergh had been appointed by President Abraham Lincoln to a diplomatic post at the Russian court of Czar Alexander II. It was t... read more
American Revolution
1778
Revolutionary War Commander John Paul Jones sets out to raid British ships
Art, Literature, and Film History
1906
O. Henry's "The Gift of the Magi" is published
1953
First color 3-D film opens
1970
Paul McCartney announces the breakup of the Beatles
Civil War
1865
After surrendering to Union, General Lee gives final address to troops
Cold War
1971
U.S. table tennis team visits communist China
Crime
1834
A torture chamber is uncovered by arson
Mexico
1919
Revolutionary leader Emiliano Zapata assassinated in Mexico
1960s
1963
Atomic submarine USS Thresher sinks in the Atlantic, killing all on board
World War II
1941
Croatia declares independence
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