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THIS DAY IN HISTORY


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April 20
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1999
Teen gunmen kill 13 at Columbine High School
On April 20, 1999, two teenage gunmen kill 13 people in a shooting spree at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado, south of Denver. At approximately 11:19 a.m., Dylan Klebold, 18, and Eric Harris, 17, dressed in trench coats, began shooting students outside the school before moving inside to ... read more
CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT
1971
Supreme Court declares desegregation busing constitutional
1970s
1978
Korean Air Lines jet forced down over Soviet Union
American Revolution
1777
New York adopts state constitution
Art, Literature, and Film History
1841
First detective story is published
Civil War
1861
Robert E. Lee resigns from U.S. Army after Virginia secedes from Union
Early U.S.
1914
Militia slaughters strikers at Ludlow, Colorado
Great Britain
1689
Siege of Derry begins
Inventions & Science
1902
Marie and Pierre Curie isolate radium
2008
Danica Patrick becomes first woman to win Indy race
Latin America
1980
Fidel Castro announces Mariel Boatlift, allowing Cubans to emigrate to U.S.
Natural Disasters & Environment
2010
Massive oil spill begins in Gulf of Mexico
Sports
1986
Michael Jordan scores 63 points in playoff game
U.S. Presidents
1898
President McKinley asks for declaration of war against Spain
U.S. Government
1871
Ku Klux Klan Act passed by Congress
Vietnam War
1971
"Fragging" on the rise among U.S. military units
World War II
1945
Operation Corncob is launched while Hitler celebrates his birthday
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I love this historical kind of trivia!  Thanks for posting it, pK...

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April 21
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2016
Legendary musician and megawatt star Prince dies at 57
On the morning of April 21, 2016, Prince, the polymathic musician who created more than 30 albums and won seven Grammy Awards over a 40-year career, is found dead in Paisley Park, his Minnesota home and recording studio. The cause of death was an accidental overdose of the opioid fentanyl. He was 57... read more
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History happens every day! Check in with your virtual assistant or wherever you get your podcasts to find out about the historical events that happened on this day and every other day of the year.
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American Revolution
1777
British rampage Danbury, Connecticut
Ancient Rome
753 B.C.
Rome founded
Art, Literature, and Film History
1816
Charlotte Brontë born
1895
First movie projector demonstrated in United States
1973
"Tie a Yellow Ribbon Round the Ole Oak Tree" tops the U.S. pop charts and creates a cultural phenomenon
China
1989
Chinese students protest at Tiananmen Square
Civil War
1863
Union Colonel Abel Streight's raid into Alabama and Georgia begins
GAY RIGHTS
1966
"Sip-In" takes place at Julius' Bar in New York City
Inventions & Science
1967
GM celebrates 100 millionth U.S.-made car
Mexico
1836
Texas militia routs Mexicans in the Battle of San Jacinto
Natural Disasters & Environment
1930
Prisoners left to burn in Ohio fire
Sports
1980
Rosie Ruiz fakes Boston Marathon win
U.S. Presidents
1865
Abraham Lincoln's funeral train leaves D.C.
World War I
1918
German flying ace, "Red Baron," killed in action
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April 22
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1970
The first Earth Day
Earth Day, an event to increase public awareness of the world's environmental problems, is celebrated in the United States for the first time on April 22, 1970. Millions of Americans, including students from thousands of colleges and universities, participated in rallies, marches and educational pro... read more
21st Century
2004
Pat Tillman killed by friendly fire in Afghanistan
American Revolution
1778
John Paul Jones leads American raid on Whitehaven, England
Art, Literature, and Film History
1978
The Blues Brothers make their world premiere on "Saturday Night Live"
Crime
1886
Seduction is made illegal in Ohio
Natural Disasters & Environment
1992
Sewers explode in Guadalajara, Mexico, killing hundreds
Red Scare
1954
Joseph McCarthy begins hearings investigating U.S. Army
South America
1997
Peruvian President Fujimori orders assault on Japanese ambassador's home
U.S. Presidents
1994
Former President Richard Nixon dies
Westward Expansion
1889
The Oklahoma land rush begins
World War I
1915
Germans introduce poison gas
1915
Second Battle of Ypres begins
World War II
1945
Hitler admits defeat
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April 23
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1564
William Shakespeare born
According to tradition, the great English dramatist and poet William Shakespeare is born in Stratford-upon-Avon on April 23, 1564. It is impossible to be certain the exac... read more
American Revolution
1778
John Paul Jones burns Whitehaven, England
Art, Literature, and Film History
1961
Judy Garland plays Carnegie Hall
Civil War
1865
"Panic has seized the country," writes Confederate President Jefferson Davis
Cold War
1945
President Truman confronts Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov
Crime
1969
Sirhan Sirhan receives death penalty for assassination of Robert F. Kennedy
Great Britain
1014
King Brian of Ireland murdered by Vikings
Sports
1954
Hank Aaron hits first home run of his MLB career
U.S. Presidents
1791
James Buchanan is born
Vietnam War
1975
President Ford says that war is finished for America
World War I
1915
Poet-soldier Rupert Brooke dies in Greece
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April 24
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1916
Easter Rebellion begins
On April 24, 1916, on Easter Monday in Dublin, the Irish Republican Brotherhood, a secret organization of Irish nationalists led by Patrick Pearse, launches the so-called Easter Rebellion, an armed uprising against British rule. Assisted by militant Irish socialists under James Connolly, Pearse and ... read more
Art, Literature, and Film History
1800
Library of Congress established
1982
Jane Fonda's first workout video released
Civil War
1863
Union issues conduct code for soldiers
Great Britain
1953
Winston Churchill knighted
Middle East
1980
Iran hostage rescue mission ends in disaster
Space Exploration
1967
Soviet cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov killed when parachute fails to deploy
Cold War
1955
The Bandung Conference concludes
U.S. Presidents
1945
President Truman is briefed on Manhattan Project
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April 26
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1954
Polio vaccine trials begin
On April 26, 1954, the Salk polio vaccine field trials, involving 1.8 million children, begin at the Franklin Sherman Elementary School in McLean, Virginia. Children in the United States, Canada and Finland participated in the trials, which used for the first time the now-standard double-blind metho... read more
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FDR: Years of Crisis
The remarkable story of Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s decade-long battle with polio and his quest to return to political prominence—and eventually the presidency.
Stream this episode on HISTORY Vault—the best destination for thousands of The HISTORY® Channel’s most fascinating series, documentaries and specials—all commercial-free.
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1950s
1954
Geneva Conference to resolve problems in Asia begins
Art, Literature, and Film History
1977
Studio 54 opens in New York City
1986
Maria Shriver marries Arnold Schwarzenegger
Civil War
1865
Lincoln assassin John Wilkes Booth dies
Crime
1913
Thirteen-year-old girl murdered in Atlanta pencil factory
2012
Former Liberian president Charles Taylor found guilty of war crimes
Natural Disasters & Environment
1986
Test triggers nuclear disaster at Chernobyl
U.S. Presidents
1984
President Reagan visits China
Westward Expansion
1798
Mountain man James Beckwourth is born
World War I
1915
Allies sign Treaty of London
World War II
1937
Nazis test new air force, Luftwaffe, on Basque town of Guernica
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April 27
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4977 B.C.
Universe is created, according to Kepler
On April 27, 4977 B.C., the universe is created, according to German mathematician and astronomer Johannes Kepler, considered a founder of modern science. Kepler is best known for his theories explaining the motion of planets. Kepler was born on December 27, 1571, in Weil der Stadt, Germany. As a un... read more
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Birth of the Earth
Travel back in time 4.5 billion years to investigate how the fledgling planet survived a cataclysmic cosmic collision to become the Earth we know.
Stream this episode on HISTORY Vault—the best destination for thousands of The HISTORY® Channel’s most fascinating series, documentaries and specials—all commercial-free.
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19th Century
1805
U.S. agent William Eaton leads U.S. forces "to the shores of Tripoli"
1813
Explorer Zebulon Pike killed in battle
Africa
1994
South Africa holds first multiracial elections
American Revolution
1773
British parliament passes unpopular Tea Act
Art, Literature, and Film History
1993
D.A. announces negligence caused death of "The Crow" actor Brandon Lee
Civil War
1865
Union soldiers die in steamship explosion
Crime
1997
Andrew Cunanan begins his killing spree
Exploration
1521
Navigator Ferdinand Magellan killed in the Philippines
Inventions & Science
2009
GM announces plans to phase out Pontiac
Sports
1956
Rocky Marciano retires as world heavyweight champion
U.S. Presidents
1822
President Ulysses S. Grant is born
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April 28
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1945
Benito Mussolini executed
On April 28, 1945, "Il Duce," Benito Mussolini, and his mistress, Clara Petacci, are shot by Italian partisans who had captured the couple as they attempted to flee to Switzerland. The 61-year-old deposed former dictator of Italy was established by his German allies as the figurehead of a puppet gov... read more
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Total Dictators
Greed, genocide, political manipulation and murder most foul—these dictators would stop at nothing to make sure their names went down in history as the greatest rulers to have ever lived.
Stream this episode on HISTORY Vault—the best destination for thousands of The HISTORY® Channel’s most fascinating series, documentaries and specials—all commercial-free.
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1970s
1978
Afghan president is overthrown and murdered
Cold War
1965
U.S. troops land in the Dominican Republic in attempt to forestall a "communist dictatorship"
Crime
1996
35 killed in Australia's Port Arthur Massacre mass shooting
Exploration
1789
Mutiny on the HMS Bounty
France
1969
Charles de Gaulle resigns as leader of France
Inventions & Science
1916
Luxury car magnate Ferruccio Lamborghini is born
Sports
1967
Muhammad Ali refuses Army induction
Vietnam War
1970
President Nixon approves Cambodian incursion
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April 29
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2004
World War II monument opens in Washington, D.C.
On April 29, 2004, the World War II Memorial opens in Washington, D.C. to thousands of visitors, providing overdue recognition for the 16 million U.S. men and women who served in the war. The memorial is located on 7.4 acres on the former site of the Rainbow Pool at the National Ma... read more
HISTORY Vault
Liberators: Why We Fought
On April 29, 1945, the Dachau concentration camp was liberated by U.S. troops. Look back at the true story of American GIs whose final march across Germany led to a place beyond all imagination or description.
Stream this episode on HISTORY Vault—the best destination for thousands of The HISTORY® Channel’s most fascinating series, documentaries and specials—all commercial-free.
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19th CENTURY
1863
Newspaper tycoon William Randolph Hearst is born
1990s
1992
Riots erupt in Los Angeles after police officers are acquitted in Rodney King trial
Art, Literature, and Film History
1968
"Hair" premieres on Broadway
Black History
1854
First African American college chartered
Civil War
1862
Union captures New Orleans
France
1429
Joan of Arc relieves Orleans
Great Britain
2011
Britain's Prince William weds Kate Middleton
Holocaust
1945
U.S. Army liberates Dachau concentration camp
Inventions & Science
2004
The end of the road for Oldsmobile
U.S. Presidents
1974
President Nixon announces release of Watergate tapes
World War II
1945
Adolf and Eva marry
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April 30
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1945
Adolf Hitler commits suicide in his underground bunker
On April 30, 1945, holed up in a bunker under his headquarters in Berlin, Adolf Hitler commits suicide by swallowing a cyanide capsule and shooting himself in the head. Soon after, Germany unconditionally surrendered to the Allied forces, ending Hitler's dreams of a "1,000-year" Reich... read more
21st Century
2004
U.S. media release graphic photos of American soldiers abusing Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib
Art, Literature, and Film History
1997
Controversial "coming out" episode of "Ellen" airs
Crime
1927
The first federal prison for women opens in West Virginia
Great Britain
1997
Big Ben stops at 12:11 pm for 54 minutes
Great Depression
1939
New York World's Fair opens
Inventions & Science
1897
British physicist J.J. Thomson announces the discovery of electrons
1948
Original Land Rover debuts at auto show
1993
World Wide Web (WWW) launches in the public domain
Japan
2019
Japan's Emperor Akihito abdicates
Sports
1993
Tennis star Monica Seles stabbed
EARLY U.S.
1803
United States and France conclude the Louisiana Purchase
U.S. Presidents
1789
George Washington gives first presidential inaugural address
Vietnam War
1975
Fall of Saigon: South Vietnam surrenders
World War I
1917
Battle of the Boot takes place between Anglo-Indian and Turkish forces
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May 1
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1931
Empire State Building dedicated
On May 1, 1931, President Herbert Hoover officially dedicates New York City's Empire State Building, pressing a button from the White House that turns on the building's lights. Hoover's gesture, of course, was symbolic; while the president remained in Washington, D.C., someone else flicked the switc... read more
1970s
1972
Labor organizer and civil rights activist Cesar Chavez begins hunger strike
19th Century
1898
The U.S. destroys Spanish Pacific fleet in Battle of Manila Bay
Art, Literature, and Film History
1941
"Citizen Kane" released
Civil War
1863
Battle of Chancellorsville begins
Cold War
1960
American U-2 spy plane shot down over Soviet Union
Crime
2002
Former NBA All-Star Jayson Williams indicted for manslaughter
Great Britain
1851
First-ever "Great Exhibition" opens in London
1997
Labour Party returns to power in Britain
Inventions & Science
1926
Ford factory workers get 40-hour week
U.S. Government
1958
President Eisenhower proclaims Law Day
Westward Expansion
1852
Adventurer and performer Calamity Jane is born
Women's History
1915
International Congress of Women adopts resolutions on peace, women's suffrage
1963
Gloria Steinem publishes part one of "A Bunny's Tale" in SHOW magazine
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May 2
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2011
Osama bin Laden killed by U.S. forces
Osama bin Laden, the mastermind behind the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks in the United States, is killed by U.S. forces during a raid on his compound hideout in Pakistan. The notorious, 54-year-old leader of Al Qaeda, the terrorist network of Islamic extremists, had been the target of a nearly decade-long international manhunt... read more
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Revealed: The Hunt for Bin Laden tracks the ten-year effort to find Osama bin Laden, the man responsible for the 9/11 attacks and the leader of the terrorist group al-Qaeda. Premieres Sunday, May 2 at 8/7c on The HISTORY® Channel
Watch Preview
Art, Literature, and Film History
1960
Dick Clark survives the Payola scandal
Crime
1924
A grisly murder makes rubber gloves standard equipment at crime scenes
Europe
1933
Loch Ness "Monster" sighted for the first time, igniting the modern legend
Exploration
1670
King Charles II grants charter to Hudson's Bay Company
Inventions & Science
1918
GM buys Chevrolet
Red Scare
1957
Senator Joseph McCarthy dies
U.S. Government
1972
J. Edgar Hoover dies, ending a five-decade era at the FBI
World War I
1918
Allies argue over U.S. troops joining battle on Western Front
World War II
1945
German troops surrender to Allies in Italy, while Berlin surrenders to Russia's Zhukov
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May 3
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1469
Italian philosopher and writer Niccolo Machiavelli born
On May 3, 1469, the Italian philosopher and writer Niccolo Machiavelli is born. A lifelong patriot and diehard proponent of a unified Italy, Machiavelli became one of the fathers of modern political theory. Machiavelli entered the political service of his native Florence by the time he was 29. As de... read more
1980s
1980
MADD founder's daughter killed by drunk driver
Art, Literature, and Film History
1810
Lord Byron swims across tumultuous Hellespont strait in Turkey
1933
Funk master, James Brown, is born
1948
U.S. Supreme Court decides Paramount antitrust case
Civil Rights Movement
1954
Supreme Court rules in Hernandez v. Texas, broadening civil rights laws
Cold War
1951
Congressional hearings on General MacArthur begin
Crime
1992
Exxon executive is murdered
2007
Three-year-old Madeleine McCann goes missing in Portugal
Exploration
1952
Joseph Fletcher lands first aircraft on the North Pole
Japan
1947
New Japanese constitution goes into effect
1962
Trains collide near Tokyo, killing more than 160 people
Vietnam War
1965
173rd Airborne Brigade deploys to South Vietnam
World War II
1942
The Battle of the Coral Sea begins
1946
Japanese war crimes trial begins
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May 4
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1970
National Guard kills four students in Kent State shootings
On May 4, 1970, in Kent, Ohio, 28 National Guardsmen fire their weapons at a group of anti-war demonstrators on the Kent State University campus, killing four students, wounding eight, and permanently paralyzing another. The tragedy was a watershed moment for a nation divided by the conflict in Viet... read more
Africa
2002
Nigerian aircraft crashes in crowded city
American Revolution
1776
Rhode Island becomes first colony to declare independence from England
Art, Literature, and Film History
1929
Legendary actress Audrey Hepburn is born
1948
Norman Mailer's first novel, "The Naked and the Dead," is published
1956
Gene Vincent records "Be-Bop-A-Lula"
1994
A lawmaker introduces the pun "May the Fourth be with you" on the floor of U.K. Parliament
Crime
1886
The Haymarket Square Riot
1990
Electric chair malfunctions in Florida, leading states to change execution methods
CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT
1961
The first Freedom Ride departs from Washington, D.C.
Middle East
1994
Yitzhak Rabin and Yasser Arafat sign accord for Palestinian self-rule
Sports
1966
Willie Mays breaks National League home run record
U.S. Presidents
1865
President Lincoln is buried in Springfield, Illinois
Women's History
1979
Margaret Thatcher becomes Britain's first female prime minister
World War I
1916
Germany agrees to limit its submarine warfare
World War II
1945
As the Nazi threat dies, the Red Army rises
LANDMARKS
1905
The U.S. officially begins construction on the Panama Canal
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