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5 Things You Didn't Know About Millard Fillmore

President Millard Fillmore died on March 8, 1874, in Buffalo, New York. Millard Fillmore is best known for assuming the presidency after the death of Zachary Taylor, becoming the 13th U.S. president. Here are five other things you didn't know about President Millard Fillmore...

He Managed to Stave off War but Wasn't Very Popular Because of It

After taking office when President Zachary Taylor died, Fillmore supported the Fugitive Slave Act, which called for runaway slaves in the North to be captured and returned to the South. While Fillmore had nothing to do with passing the act, he thought that, since it was approved when Taylor was in office, he (Fillmore) should continue to respect the act's approval. This actually managed to delay the Civil War for about a decade because his support placated the South to an extent. However, the North did not like him at all after this.

He Became Both a Teacher and a Lawyer Without Much Formal Schooling

Fillmore has a reputation of being a terrible president, but it wasn't because of any perceived lack of intelligence. Fillmore did not have a lot of formal schooling -- only about six months' worth or so -- but he was a voracious learner and managed to become both a teacher and a lawyer before winning congressional spots and the vice presidential spot on Taylor's ticket. He was also keen on learning even after he became president, always carrying a dictionary around with him so he could learn new words.

Fillmore Was Not Elected President -- and He Lost Badly When He Tried

Fillmore became president when Taylor died, which is sad but not strange. However, after his mediocre-at-best term, he wasn't nominated to run again in the next election. At the election after that, in 1855, he decided to run again as the candidate for the Know-Nothings, a party known mainly for its hatred of immigrants and Catholics. He won only one state -- Maryland -- and left politics permanently, although he did remain active in general public life in the North.

When You Rank Bad Presidents, Fillmore Is in the Bottom 10 -- but He's Nowhere Near the Worst

Yeah, it's not a stretch to assume that Fillmore ranks among the worst presidents. He supported the Fugitive Slave Act, tried to run with a party that was not known for kindness, and generally didn't do a lot of memorably good things. However, he's not the worst, nor is he among the worst of the worst. A survey released in 2018 found Fillmore in the 38th spot, just above Warren G. Harding. The absolute worst? Spot 42 goes to William Henry Harrison, who served only one month before dying in office; Spot 43 goes to James Buchanan, who previously was the consistently worst president; and Spot 44 goes to Donald Trump, the first president to knock Buchanan up a notch in the rankings. Richard Nixon made it to Spot 33, by the way.

Somehow He (Through Commodore Matthew Perry) Managed to Get Japan to Open Up

Something that usually doesn't come up quickly when you hear about Fillmore is the Treaty of Kanagawa. This was the first treaty to get Japan to open up its ports; it was negotiated by Commodore Matthew C. Perry and not Fillmore, but Fillmore was the one who sent Perry and who had the idea to try to get Japan to let American ships stop at its ports. Fillmore sent a letter along with Perry requesting a treaty, which the Japanese initially refused. However, Perry let them know that he'd leave -- but then come back with more ships, which the Japanese took as a potential threat of attack if they didn't negotiate. Upon Perry's return, negotiations began, leading to the treaty.

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dgrimm60

PHKRAUSE

I did  not know that  he was  a  teacher and a  lawyer

dgrimm60

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5 Things You Didn't Know About Barbie

On March 9, 1959, Barbie made her debut as a fashion doll that represented a woman instead of the baby dolls that had taken center stage for many years. Here are 5 things you probably didn’t know about this popular doll that’s been around for 60 years...

The Original Barbie Was Simple but Stylish

In 1959, the first Barbie doll was introduced and came with either blonde or brunette hair. She was dressed in a one-piece swimsuit with black and white stripes. In addition, Barbie looked to the side until 1971 when her gaze was changed to make her look ahead. The doll cost $3, which would equate to about $24 today.

Barbie Probably Has the Biggest Wardrobe in the World

Since Barbie debuted, there have been about one billion items of clothing designed for her, using over 100 million yards of fabric. Even top designers such as Versace, Dolce & Gabbana, Gucci and Givenchy have designed clothing for the doll. In addition, over one billion pairs of shoes have been designed for Barbie so far, and now she can wear flats, so the days of endless high heels are over.

The Doll Has More Pets than a Zoo - Almost

Barbie accessories are endless, and nowhere else is it seen more than in the pets that have been sold with her over the years. She has been the owner of 21 dogs, three ponies, 14 horses, six cats, a chimpanzee, parrot, lion cub, panda, zebra and even a giraffe. This is probably why she’s held more than 150 jobs over the years, so she could care for all those pets.

She’s Held Many Exciting Jobs Over the Years

Barbie must be well-educated because the jobs she has held over the years are nothing short of astonishing. She’s had over 200 careers that include being a Desert Storm medic, cashier at McDonald’s, paleontologist and astronaut. She also ran as a presidential candidate six times but was never nominated.

The Most Expensive Barbie Sold for Hundreds of Thousands of Dollars

In 2010, a one of a kind Barbie created to raise money for cancer research. She was dressed in a simple black strapless dress with a tiered skirt and something else quite special — a necklace with a real pink diamond, surrounded by square cut and white baguette diamonds. She sold at auction for $302,500.

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dgrimm60

PHKRAUSE

I did  not  know that her  eyes  looked to the  side  at  1st====I  did  not  know that  she  had  all  those  pets

dgrimm60

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phkrause

5 Shocking Facts You Didn't Know About Osama bin Laden

On March 10, 1957, Osama bin Laden was born in Saudi Arabia. Osama bin Laden formed the al-Qaeda network which carried out global strikes against Western interests, culminating in the September 11 terror attacks. Here are shocking 5 facts you didn't know about Osama bin Laden...

He Loved Whitney Houston

Bin Laden was quoted as saying “Music is the flute of the devil;” however, a woman who was a captive of bin Laden said he adored singer Whitney Houston and spoke about her often. In fact, he would have been willing to add her to his collection of wives. That same woman claims bin Laden “had a paramount desire for Whitney Houston and although he claimed music was evil, he spoke of someday spending vast amounts of money to go to America and try to arrange a meeting with the superstar.“ He was less enthusiastic about her husband Bobby Brown and fantasized about killing him.

He Carried a Stash for a Quick Getaway

U.S. authorities discovered 500 Euros and two telephone numbers sewn into the pockets of bin Laden’s robes. This would allow him to abandon his Abottabad hideout and disappear into the Pakistani countryside at a moment’s notice. By constantly being prepared to flee, bin Laden had successfully evaded capture by U.S. forces for ten years. Luckily, Al Qaeda’s intelligence failed to foresee the oncoming operation that claimed his life.

He Studied Business Administration and Economics

He attended King Abdulaziz University in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, where he studied economics and business administration. However, bin Laden did not complete his studies and dropped out instead to run several areas of the construction business his father owned. Even after bin Laden became involved in terrorism, he continued to oversee massive construction projects.

Bin Laden Loved Sports, Especially British Football

Bin Laden was about 6’4”, and, according to at least one person, was talented at playing volleyball. He was a big fan of Arsenal, the British football team, and attended many of their matches when he was living in London during the early part of the 90s. Following the 9/11 attacks on the Twin Towers in New York City, an Arsenal spokesperson said bin Laden wouldn’t be welcome anymore to attend their games held at Highbury.

He Had Downloaded a Lot of Porn on His Computer

During the raid on bin Laden’s compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan, millions of documents and electronic files were seized by U.S. commandos. Among the papers and information on operations by al Qaeda, investigators discovered a vast collection of pornographic videos.

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dgrimm60

PHKRAUSE

I did  not  know he  adored  WHITNEY  HOUSTON  and  her  music====I  also  did  not  know  about

running  his  father's  construction buisness

dgrimm60

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phkrause

5 Celebrities That Have Been Knighted

On March 11, 1997, Paul McCartney was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II. He dedicated his knighthood to his fellow Beatles and the people of Liverpool, where he grew up. Here are some other people you probably didn’t know that have been honored with knighthood...

Call Him Sir Sidney

Actor Sidney Poitier, although he was born in Miami, Florida, grew up on Cat Island in the Bahamas and was knighted by the queen in 1974. Besides being knighted, he won an Academy Award for best actor for Lilies of the Field in 1963 and was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2009 by Barack Obama.

007 Was Knighted on July 5, 2000

No, it wasn’t the real 007, but rather, actor Sean Connery, who has appeared in 65 films during his career and is considered the iconic James Bond. He was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II as he knelt in front of her in full Scottish highland dress and sporting a kilt in the MacLeod tartan. Sir Sean Connery reportedly had a long wait to receive the honor because of his vocal support for an independent Scotland.

Actor Michael Caine Was Knighted on November 16, 2000

Michael Caine, producer, author and actor in 50 movies, including Zulu, Dirty Rotten Scoundrels and Alfie, was knighted at Buckingham Palace by the queen. He received the honor using his real name, Maurice Micklewhite. Caine said that using his real name was a tribute to his father and that outside his job as an actor, he always went by his actual name.

Celebrities Who Refused Their Knighthood

David Bowie turned down a knighthood twice, once in 2000 and again in 2003 because he said he didn’t understand what it was for. Physicist Stephen Hawking was another person who turned down the honor as a way of protesting the low funding for scientific research in the United Kingdom. Beatle John Lennon was knighted in 1997 but returned his MBE to protest some of Britain’s policies.

Santa Claus Was Knighted

Lord Richard Attenborough, actor in such blockbuster films as Miracle on 34th Street, Jurassic Park and The Great Escape, as well as the producer of movies such as Gandhi, was knighted in 1976. In addition, he served as the president of the campaign for muscular dystrophy for 33 years and became its honorary life president in 2004.

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5 Things You Didn't Know About Bernie Madoff

On March 12, 2009, disgraced financier Bernard Madoff pleaded guilty in New York after pulling off perhaps the biggest scandal in Wall Street history. Here are 5 things you didn’t know about the man who committed the largest financial fraud in U.S. history...

Madoff Had Been Running a Ponzi Scheme

A Ponzi scheme is one where money is paid to new investors out of the funds received from older ones instead of using profits. Although Harry Markopolos, a math whiz, whistleblower and fund manager, had tried to tip off the Securities and Exchange Commission for a number of years that Madoff could not have made the money he claimed, the whistleblower was not taken seriously. Madoff was finally turned in by his two sons, Mark and Andrew, who were partners in the investment firm, after he confessed to them that their financial empire was a sham.

Madoff Was Sentenced to 150 Years in Prison

Charges against Madoff, 71, included mail and wire fraud, many counts of money laundering and securities and investment adviser fraud. In addition, he was charged with making false statements, perjury, stealing from his employees’ benefit plan and making false filings with the SEC. Madoff pleaded guilty to all of the charges and was sentenced to 150 years in prison, which was ten times longer than his defense team suggested.

Why Madoff Finally Confessed to the Scam

According to the SEC complaint, Madoff said that investors were claiming $7 billion in redemptions. This may have been due to the economy at the time, and it would have seemed suspicious that hedge funds were showing large losses, while Madoff’s firm was showing gains. In any event, the large amount of money being withdrawn from Madoff’s firm was impossible for him to pay, so he was forced to admit his wrongdoing.

More Than 21,000 People Lost Money

The federal government set up a victims’ fund to try and repay some of the money that was stolen from thousands of people, including famous celebrities, of about $17.5 billion cash and $65 billion in wealth. Investors included a number of banks, charities, celebrities such as Kevin Bacon, Kyra Sedgwick, Steven Spielberg and Zsa Zsa Gabor, and many others.

Madoff Was Sent to Serve His Time at a North Carolina Prison

Madoff, because of health conditions, was sent to Federal Correctional Institution Butner, which is a medium security facility. In prison, he is apparently something of a celebrity, although some of his admirers are murderers. He has never implicated anyone else in the scheme that rocked the financial world.

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5 Things You Didn't Know About Uncle Sam_2

On March 13 1852, the familiar image of "Uncle Sam" debuted as a cartoon character in New York, and the image became so popular it was adopted as a symbol of the United States. Here are 5 things you didn’t know about this popular symbol of our country...

The Original Uncle Sam May Have Been a Meat Packer

A man in New York named Samuel Wilson joined the Army in 1781, and his duties included taking care of cattle and slaughtering and packaging the meat that was sent to the troops. He and his brother went into the meatpacking business and supplied the meat during the War of 1812, stamping the packages with a U.S. for the United States. Soldiers knew and liked Samuel Wilson and joked that the U.S. stamped on the packages stood for Uncle Sam instead of the United States, so the name was born.

An Earlier Figure Was Used Before the Revolutionary War

Before the Revolutionary war, a figure called Brother Jonathan was used to refer to Yankees or New Englanders, and he was considered by the British to be someone who was ill-spoken and ill-mannered. British loyalists used the term when referring to patriots in a derogatory manner after the Revolution. A series of cartoons featuring Brother Jonathan and John Bull, who represented England, showed the American character as unpretentious and scrappy while the English character appeared as old-world and pompous.

The Female Figure of Columbia

Columbia first appeared in a poem written by a black slave named Phillis Wheatley in 1776. She was depicted as a woman and often wore a dress with the stars and stripes, a liberty cap or feathers to represent Native Americans. Columbia was a popular representation of the United States through the 1800s until Uncle Sam caught the eye of the public.

Uncle Sam’s Most Popular Image Came From a Recruitment Poster

In 1917, illustrator James Montgomery Flagg drew an image of Uncle Sam to use as a recruitment poster for World War I, which showed Uncle Sam pointing and saying “I want YOU for U.S. Army.” This had been highly successful on a British poster that pictured Lord Kitchener in a similar pose. About four million copies were printed for the war effort, and the poster was updated using the illustrator’s face for World War II.

Sam Wilson Was Officially Recognized as Uncle Sam

The U.S. Congress, in 1961, officially recognized the New York meatpacker Samuel Wilson as the origination of Uncle Sam. Wilson died in 1854 in Troy, New York, and is buried next Betsey Mann Wilson, his wife of many years.

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dgrimm60

PHKRAUSE

I did  not  know  about  Samuel Wilson   and  his  brother  sold  meat  to the  U. S.  soldier's  during  the  WAR  of  1812

and  the  soldier 's joked  that the  U.S.  meant  UNCLE SAM  not  United  State ===I  did  not  know that  Phillis Wheatley

did  a  poem  about  Columbia which  was  the  symbol  before  Uncle  Sam

dgrimm60

 

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5 Things You Didn't Know About Gold

On March 14, 1848, The Californian, a San Francisco newspaper, confirmed that gold had been discovered at Sutter's Mill in California. This news started the California gold rush. Here are 5 things didn’t know about the glittery metal that many have struggled to find...

The Largest Gold Nugget Ever Found in the United States Came From Alaska

Really large gold nuggets are given names, and this one is called the Alaska Centennial Nugget. It was discovered in 1998 near Ruby, Alaska, and weighs 198.10 troy ounces, which is more than 20 pounds. The nugget was given its name because the date that gold hunter Barry Clay found it happened to coincide with the 100th anniversary of the gold rush to the Klondike.

Gold Was First Discovered in America in 1799

In 1799, a piece of gold weighing 17 pounds was found on a farm in North Carolina by a farmer’s son named Conrad Reed. Not realizing what it was, the family used it as a doorstop for a few years until it was identified by a local jeweler. Unfortunately, the farmer sold it for $3.50 to the same jeweler, which was a pittance compared with what it was worth; however, after realizing what had happened, Reed opened the country’s first commercial gold mine operation.

The Inca Empire Had Enough Gold to Make Your Head Spin

Atahualpa was king of the Incas in 1532 when the Spaniards invaded Peru. After being captured by the conquistadors, he offered to pay a ransom large enough to fill an 18 by 22-foot room as far as he could reach with gold. Atahualpa ended up as the last king of the Incas because the conquistadors killed him despite his offer.

A Tiny Bit of Gold Can Cover a Large Area

Of all the metals known, gold is the most ductile and malleable. One gold ounce can be pounded down into a single sheet that measures about 16.4 feet on each side and would be much thinner than an individual human hair. About 20 percent of the gold in the world used for ornamentation is found in Indian saris.

The United States Leads the World in Stockpiled Gold

With a cache of gold bullion weighing 8,133 tons, the United States is the leader in the amount of gold stored in depositories. It is almost as much as the next three combined; Germany, the International Monetary Fund, which represents 189 countries and Italy. The gold is spread out in different depositories in the United States, including Fort Knox, the West Point Mint in New York and the Denver Mint.

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5 Things You Didn't Know About The Godfather

The Godfather is known as one of the greatest mafia movie of all time, but before its release in New York on this day in 1972, the production faced a lot of controversy and nearly lost its director. Leave the gun, take the cannoli, and celebrate these five things you didn't know about The Godfather...

Coppola Was at Odds With the Studio and Producers Over Almost Every Aspect of the Film

Coppola wanted Pacino and Brando; the studio wanted Robert De Niro. Coppola wanted to keep the film in 1940s' New York; the studio wanted the setting to be in 1972 and have Kansas City used as the filming location. Coppola wanted to use the marionette-strings logo from the book cover as the logo for the movie; the studio didn't. Coppola wanted to make a darker and more somber film that represented an American family; the studio wanted more graphic Mafia action. And on and on. Coppola had a definite vision, but it clashed with much of what the studio wanted him to do for the film. In fact, Coppola was in real danger of being fired from the film. However, Coppola won out, especially after filming an assassination scene that wowed the studio.

Which Is Funny Because Coppola Originally Didn't Want the Job

You read that right; despite going to bat for the film constantly when it was in production, Coppola originally wasn't thrilled with the idea of directing it. He didn't like some of the graphic content in the book and apparently never finished reading it. Unfortunately for Coppola, he was broke and in debt for hundreds of thousands of dollars to another studio. (Remember this was in 1972 when hundreds of thousands of dollars was worth a lot more than it is today.) Other directors such as George Lucas urged Coppola to try directing anyway, and once Coppola did more research into the Mafia, he decided he had a story.

The Actors Helped Establish Their Characters Through "Family" Dinners

Directors try to help their actors get into character and develop the relationships between the characters through various methods, from plain script-reading sessions to improv. One of Coppola's tactics was to have the cast eat dinner with each other in character, as if they were the Mafia family from the movie. The actors served dinner, and since it was the first time Brando had met much of the cast, some of the actors were focusing on impressing him. This sounds like it might have been a distraction, but it actually works beautifully when you realize that in the movie, pretty much everyone has to treat Don Vito Corleone (Brando's character) with utter respect and try to stay on his good side.

Some of the Character Development Was Added as an Improvisation

Coppola was able to go with the flow in some very impressive ways. For example, one actor was so nervous that none of his takes looked good, so Coppola added a scene showing his character trying to rehearse the lines from the "bad takes," implying the bad quality was due to the character's nerves, not the actor's. He filmed the wedding scene in real time, too, and had actors pretty much improvise most of it.

The Cat Wasn't Supposed to Be There

The cat that belonged to Don Corleone in the film was not originally supposed to be there. But this little stray kept hanging around the set, and Coppola decided that Don Corleone might want a pet. When he got Brando to meet the cat, it turned out the cat took to Brando immediately and was so cooperative that Coppola had Brando holding the cat in scenes.

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dgrimm60

PHKRAUSE

I did  not  know  that there was so much  controversy  with the studio and the director  about the  film===

I also  did  not  know about the  cat in the  movie

dgrimm60

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5 Things You Didn't Know About the U.S. Military Academy at West Point

On March 16, 1802, the U.S. Congress authorized the opening of a military engineering academy at the site of the military fort at West Point in New York. Here are five things you probably didn't know about the U.S. Military Academy at West Point...

The British Very Nearly Gained Control of the Site During the Revolutionary War

The site where West Point is now located has long been associated with the military. It's on a river bank in the Hudson Valley, one that's elevated enough to give the spot a strategic advantage over whoever tries to enter the valley. It was the site of George Washington's headquarters in 1779 and almost fell into the hands of the British thanks to Benedict Arnold, who tried to sell the fort at the site to the British for about 6,000 pounds in 1780. Arnold was the commander of the fort at the time and would have been able to give up the site to the British easily; had his treason not come to light, the fort could have switched sides in no time, leading to a very different outcome of the Revolutionary War.

The Civil War Led to the Formation of the School's Alumni Association

West Point had cadets from all over the United States, and when the Civil War broke out, many of those cadets ended up fighting in the war -- and against each other. Keep in mind that these cadets had attended a school with the motto Amicitiae Periculique Foedus, or "Danger Brings Forth Friendship"; in other words, this was a school that fostered close ties between classmates, and having to line up against each other was not a proud moment for the cadets. After the war, an organization known as the West Point Association of Graduates formed in 1869 as a way to reunite those cadets who had had to fight against each other.

The Concept of a Military Academy Initially Met With Resistance Because It Was Deemed Too European

George Washington and others in the new country's government wanted to establish a military academy so the U.S. would be able to produce its own military leaders, rather than being dependent on those outside the country. However, the plan met with opposition because many considered the idea of a training ground for military leaders to be very European — something they understandably wanted to avoid being, as they were trying to break away from Europe. When the government initially approved West Point, it was mainly as a military engineering school for about the first ten years of its existence.

West Point Didn't Admit Women Until 1976

West Point's cadets were all male until 1976, when the first class of 119 women joined the school. Sixty-two completed the training and graduated in 1980. From the start, the class had a tough time; they faced resentment and chauvinism, men claimed the push to admit women into the academy was alienating, and of all things, the women's uniforms were initially designed without pockets (there was no real reason for eliminating pockets in the uniforms for women, by the way).

West Point Was Both the First Engineering School in the Country and the First to Decide to Have Class Rings

When West Point was created as a military engineering school, it was the first of its kind in the country; no other engineering school existed. While that sounds obvious — the country was barely 20 years old at that point — no one had previously set up an engineering school in North America (Canada didn't get its first engineering college until 1854). West Point was also the university that started the class-ring tradition, with all but two classes opting to have the rings. Administrators at the school wanted to give cadets a reminder of school values after graduation.

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5 Things You Didn't Know About St. Patrick's Day

On March 17, St. Patrick's Day is celebrated around the world. The holiday, which falls on the anniversary of St. Patrick's death, is accompanied by parades, drinking beer, and eating corned beef and cabbage. Here are 5 things you didn’t know about the world’s favorite Irish holiday...

St. Patrick Wasn’t Even Irish

Maewyn Succat, who became St. Patrick, was born in Great Britain and held as a captive in Ireland for many years after pirates kidnapped him when he was 16. He turned to religion during his captivity and eventually escaped, becoming a priest. He made a return trip to Ireland 12 years later, establishing churches, schools and monasteries around the country.

The Pubs in Ireland Used to Be Closed on St. Patrick’s Day

St. Patrick’s Day was an Irish religious holiday during the majority of the 20th century, so on March 17, the pubs were closed. It became a national holiday in Ireland in 1970, and the pubs opened to celebrate St. Patrick’s Day by hoisting a glass in honor of the patron saint of Ireland.

Blue Was the Color Originally Associated With St. Patrick

The color blue was chosen to represent the Order of St. Patrick, which was an order of knighthood. Green was already in use, representing the Order of the Thistle. During the Irish Rebellion in 1798, people started wearing a clover on their lapels, and the green color eventually became associated with St. Patrick’s Day.

The First Parade Held for St. Patrick’s Day Was in New York

St. Patrick’s Day has been celebrated with a parade since long before the American Revolution. The first known instance happened in Boston in 1762 when Irish soldiers, who were in the English military, marched in a parade in New York City. Now, about 250,000 people participate in the annual parade, but floats, cars and other additions are still not permitted.

It’s a Huge Celebration in the United States

In 2018, it was a sea of green in the United States. Eighty-three percent of Americans planned to wear green in honor of the occasion. About one-third of Americans celebrate with a special meal, and cabbage is big on the list. Sales of Guinness skyrocket on St. Patrick’s Day with about 13 million pints hoisted last year.

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dgrimm60

PHKRAUSE

I did  not  know  that  at 1st  the  pubs  in IRLEAND  were  closed   until  1970 when  

it  became a  National  Holiday===I  did  not know  that the 1st  ST. PATRICK'S DAY Parade was

in  1762by IRISH  soldiers marched  in  BOSTON

dgrimm60

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5 Things You Didn't Know About Grover Cleveland

On March 18, 1837, Grover Cleveland was born. Eventually, he became both the 22nd and 24th president of the United States. Here are 5 things you probably never knew about President Grover Cleveland...

Just Call Him Steve

Cleveland’s name was Stephen Grover Cleveland, and maybe he preferred to be called Grover because Stephen Cleveland just doesn’t have the same snappy ring to it. It could have been worse because he might have been named for a distant relative, Moses Cleveland, who had Cleveland, Ohio, named after him.

He Had a White House Wedding

Cleveland was the only president to be wed at the White House. He married Frances Folsom when he was 49 and she was 21. In addition to having five children, their daughter, Esther, was the only child of a president to be born at the White House. As another presidential first, Cleveland died in 1908, and his wife Frances was the first widow of a president to remarry.

Cleveland Was Known as an Honest Man

When it comes to honesty in politics, it might be a rare commodity, but Cleveland had a reputation as being an honest man. He rejected wasteful and corrupt measures, including fighting against Tammany Hall, a powerful New York City organization known for its corruption.

He May Have Had an Illegitimate Child

While the 1884 presidential election was ongoing, the rumor arose that Cleveland had an illegitimate child after it was discovered that a woman named Maria Halpin had given birth to a child in 1874. She had named Cleveland as the boy’s father. He was honest that the child might have been his and paid for the boy’s support, eventually paying to place the child in an orphanage after the child's mother passed away.

He Served Two Terms as President

Cleveland is the only president who was elected to two terms that were not consecutive, so he served as both the 22nd president and the 24th president. In the first election in 1884, Cleveland won 219 electoral votes by a narrow margin compared to James Blaine’s 182 electoral votes. During his second election in 1892, Cleveland won 277 of the electoral votes compared to Benjamin Harrison’s 145.

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dgrimm60

PHKRAUSE

I did  not  know  that  he  went  by  his  middle  name===I did  not  know   about the illegitimate  child claim

dgrimm60

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5 Things You Didn't Know About the Republican Party_2

On March 20, 1854, the Republican Party was founded by former members of the Whig Party in Ripon, Wisconsin. Here are 5 things you didn’t know about the history of the Republican Party...

The Republican Elephant Mascot Has Been Around Since 1874

Thomas Nast drew a political cartoon for Harper’s Weekly that included a donkey, which had been associated with the Democratic Party since Andrew Jackson, and an elephant that represented the Republican Party. The Republicans, believing that the elephant represents a dignified, strong animal, chose the cartoon character as their mascot.

GOP Stands for “Grand Old Party”

Some people are mistaken about the meaning of the term GOP, and think that it stands for “government of the people.” However, the term was born following the Civil War to emphasize the party’s role in preserving the union and had been used earlier by Andrew Jackson and Thomas Jefferson, who were both members of the early Democratic-Republican Party. According to Safire’s Political Dictionary, the term first appeared in print 1884.

Abraham Lincoln Was the First Republican President

Lincoln was a Whig who opposed both slavery and the Kansas-Nebraska Act. During the 1860 presidential election, he ran as a Republican, opposing John Breckinridge, a Democrat; John Bell, a member of the Constitutional Union Party; and Stephen Douglas, a Northern Democrat. Lincoln won the election with 303 electoral votes.

The Republican Party Was Formed Because of Their Opposition to Slavery

In 1854, under the Kansas-Nebraska Act, the inhabitants were allowed to decide among themselves whether to permit slavery or not, and many Northerners were vehemently anti-slavery. Free-soilers, Whigs and Northern Democrats joined together to form the new Republican Party, which first arose in the state of Wisconsin.

Famous Republicans

Famous Republicans from yesteryear include actresses Jane Russell and Ginger Rogers, television game show host Bob Barker and crooner Bing Crosby. Current celebrities that support the Republican Party include Adam Sandler, James Earl Jones, L.L. Cool J, Mel Gibson and actress Heather Locklear.

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dgrimm60

PHKRAUSE

I did  not  know  that  ABRAHAM  was  a  member  of the  WHIG  PARTY 1st

dgrimm60

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