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5 Things You Didn't Know About Princess Diana_2

On Aug. 31, 1997, Britain's Princess Diana died in a car crash in Paris at age 36. Her boyfriend, the Egyptian-born socialite Dodi Fayed, and the driver of the car, Henri Paul, died as well. Here are 5 things you didn't know about "The People’s Princess"...

Diana Was Not the First Choice for Prince Charles

Charles was heavy on the dating scene in the late 1970s, spending time with ladies such as Lady Jane Wellesley, the Duke of Wellington’s daughter, and brewery heiress Sabrina Guinness. He even proposed to the granddaughter of his mentor Lord Louis Mountbatten (she said no). He was also spending time with Sarah Spencer, Diana’s sister. Through it all, he had one very ineligible bachelorette on his mind: Camilla Shand, who had married Andrew Parker Bowles in 1973. Under pressure to tie the knot, Charles turned to the Queen—and to Camilla—for advice. Both agreed that Diana would be a good fit. Charles proposed on February 3, 1981 in the nursery at Windsor Castle.

Nearly 750 Million People Watched Di and Charles Get Married

When Kate Middleton married Prince William in 2011, nearly 300 million viewers tuned in. Sounds like a lot of people right? Hardly. In 1981, when Diana married the Prince of Wales, over 750 million people around the world tuned in to watch the wedding.  To put that into perspective, that’s six and a half times the number of people who watched the most-viewed Super Bowl.

She Was the First Royal to Omit "Obey" From Her Vows

Diana was a trendsetter in more ways than one. Not only was she a breath of fresh air in what had seemed like a stodgy, traditional royal family, but she also changed royal wedding vows in a way that stuck. She omitted the part about obeying her husband, and while she likely wasn't the first woman to do that, she was the first royal. Both Kate Middleton and Meghan Markle omitted that part of the vows too.

Her Wedding Dress Had Nearly 10,000 Pearls

Princess Diana’s iconic wedding dress was one of the biggest secrets in the world until her wedding day on July 29, 1981. The gown featured 10,000 pearls embroidered onto the dress. Diana reportedly had to be sewn into the dress because she had lost a lot of weight before her big day. The finished dress went down in history as one of the most memorable wedding dresses ever.

Nearly Half the World Watched Her Funeral

In 1997, the world population had topped 5.8 billion people, and nearly half of them (2.5 billion) watched Diana's funeral. Her death had stunned and saddened the world and brought new attention to how paparazzi went after celebrities and the lengths both parties would go to either avoid being seen or to see and snap a photo. In fact, Diana's brother blamed the media for her death and compared their treatment of her to hunting her.

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5 Things You Didn't Know About World War II_3

On September 1, 1939, World War II began when an estimated 1.5 million German troops crossed Germany's shared border with Poland.  Here are 5 lesser known facts you never knew about World War II...

One U.S. Division Wore a Swastika on Their Uniforms

The 45th Infantry Division wore on their uniform a traditional Native American symbol of good luck: a pair of angled bars intersecting at the middle that we would today recognize as a swastika. For 15 years this adorned the uniforms of the division's members, which contained members from Arizona, Colorado, Oklahoma, and New Mexico (areas with a rich Native American tradition). However, as the Nazis rose to power, the group ditched the symbol an swapped in a Thunderbird design.

Hitler Executed 84 of His Own Generals

There were numerous plots to kill Hitler after he rose to power, and he executed at least 84 of his own generals during the war. Most of the executions were due to the discovery that the men were plotting against him, including a bomb plot designed to assassinate him on July 20, 1944. It was called Operation Valkyrie when a German military officer placed a bomb under Hitler’s desk but failed to kill him, resulting in the executions of 4,980 military officers and civilians in retaliation.

Nazis Considered Fighting England With Potato Beetles

The Nazis considered dropping millions of potato beetles along England’s east coast, which was believed to be the location of hundreds of thousands of hectares of potato fields. The aim of the Nazis was to cause widespread famine in England by destroying this essential food crop. Although several million of the pesky bugs had already been stockpiled, it would have taken nearly 40 million to do the job, so the idea was abandoned.

A 12-Year-Old Boy Was in the U.S. Navy

A Texas lad, Calvin Graham, was only 12 when he borrowed clothing from an older brother, forged his mother’s name and joined the U.S. Navy after the bombing of Pearl Harbor. The boy served as a gunner on the USS South Dakota and was awarded a Bronze Star and Purple Heart for his heroism. Graham's mother spotted him on newsreel footage and alerted the military of her son's duplicity. He was dishonorably discharged but hailed as a hero by his hometown.

Two-Thirds of Soviet Men Born in 1923 Didn't Survive the War

An economics professor at the University of Warwick, Mark Harrison, claims that 68 percent of males born in the Soviet Union in 1923 did not survive World War II. However, he says nearly half of that number died before the war started because of civil war, famine, disease, and lack of sanitation and antibiotics. When Germany first attacked their country, they were just 18.

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PHKRAUSE

I  did  not  know  that  the NAZIS were  going to  use   potato bugs on England  to 

destroy  the  potatoes  in  England and  cayuse  a  famine=====

dgrimm60

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5 Things You Didn't Know About The Great Fire of London

In the early morning hours on September 2, 1666, the Great Fire of London began, destroying the homes of 70,000 people. Find out five things you probably didn’t know about the Great Fire of London.

It Started In A Bakery

The fire started sometime after midnight at a bakery owned by Thomas Farriner near Pudding Lane in London. Farriner supplied bread to the British Navy, and the fire may have started when an oven spark fell into a fuel pile.

The Official Death Count Is Considered To Be Significantly Underestimated

The death count was only six from the fire, but since the steel at the wharves melted, the temperature of the fire might have been up to 3,000 degrees Fahrenheit and would have incinerated any bodies. The deaths of working class people weren’t recorded and so it’s highly likely that the actual death toll was much higher.

The Fire Destroyed St. Paul’s Cathedral

The original St. Paul’s Cathedral was completed in 1314 and was impressive with its high central spire. After the fire,the remains of the cathedral were demolished and work commenced on building a replacement in 1675. The spectacular cathedral we know today was designed by Christopher Wren and remains one of London’s greatest architectural landmarks .Interestingly, Wren had already proposed the demolition and redevelopment of St Paul’s before the fire, but his proposals had been rejected.

A Watchmaker From France Was Falsely Accused

Frenchman Robert Hubert, a watchmaker, falsely confessed to setting a fire at Westminster but changed his confession and said he threw a fire grenade in through the bakery’s window even though the shop had no windows. Years later, a Swedish ship’s captain testified that he hadn’t brought Hubert to England until several days after the fire had started. Despite the lack of evidence, Hubert was found guilty and hung at Tyburn on October 27, 1666.

The Great Fire Is Commemorated By a Monument

A monument was built to commemorate the Great Fire. Measuring 202 feet in height and located 202 ft from the site of Farriner’s bakehouse, Christopher Wren’s Monument to the Great Fire of London still stands as a lasting memorial of the Great Fire.

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5 Things You Didn't Know About The Revolutionary War_4

On this day in 1783, The American Revolution officially came to an end when representatives of the United States, Great Britain, Spain and France signed the Treaty of Paris. Here are 5 revolutionary facts you probably didn’t know about America’s war for independence...

Yankee Doodle Was Originally A Diss Song

The “Yankee Doodle” song was basically one of American history’s first diss tracks. The song was originally sung by the British to mock and ridicule Yankee “doodles” or simpletons. In the tune, the British were mocking what they perceived as the Americans lack of class. The Rebels quickly claimed the song as their own, and decided to embrace the term. Being called a Yankee Doodle became a point of pride, and Patriots sang it to taunt the British. According to legend, the American army greeted General Cornwallis’ surrender with a rousing rendition of the song. 

The Country’s First Secretary of War Trained at a Bookstore

Henry Knox was a bookseller in Boston. He lacked a formal military education, but he gained his military knowledge from the shelves of his London Book Shop. After the Boston Massacre in 1770, he began teaching himself about the art of war and military tactics. By 1772, he joined a local militia, the Boston Grenadiers. He quickly impressed George Washington, and was responsible for the Patriots’ first victory when they forced the British out of Boston. Soon, he was helping out by moving artillery and aiding in the battle of Yorktown, which led to his appointment as the first Secretary of War.

There Was A Secret Plot To Remove Washington As Commander

After defeats at Brandywine and Germantown in 1777, much of the Continental Congress had lost faith in General Washington’s military abilities. In what is now referred to as the “Conway Cabal,” General Thomas Conway championed Horatio Gates as a replacement for George Washington as commander-in-chief following Gates’ victory at the Battle of Saratoga. Conway encouraged Gates’ ambitions to become commander and denigrated Washington’s abilities in letters that were forwarded to Congress. Washington received copies of these letters and questioned Gates and Conway about them, which led to apologies by both men.

It Was The First Use Of A Submarine In Warfare

The American submersible craft Turtle was the first time in history that a submarine was used in warfare. The submarine was supposed to attach a timed explosive to the hull of the British ship the HMS Eagle, but pilot Ezra Lee was unable to penetrate the ship’s iron sheathing, and was forced to retreat. The bomb exploded nearby, causing no harm to either the Eagle or the Turtle. During the next week, the Turtle made several more attempts to sink British ships on the Hudson River, but each time it failed, due to the operator’s lack of skill. During the Battle of Fort Lee, the Turtle was lost when the American sloop transporting it was sunk by the British.

Fort Lee Was Named After a Traitor

Charles Henry Lee served as a general of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. Though he had far more military experience, Lee was passed over for Commander-in-Chief in favor of George Washington. Perhaps in an attempt to soothe Lee’s ego, George Washington had Fort Lee named after him in 1776. Soon after, Lee was captured by the British at a tavern in New Jersey. While in British custody, Lee committed treason, advising William Howe on the best way to capture Philadelphia. Lee was released in a prisoner swap in 1778, but was later court-martialed by the Americans for the offense.

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5 Things You Probably Didn't Know About Joan Rivers

On September 4, 2014,  comedy legend Joan Rivers dies at age 81, a week after she went into cardiac arrest while undergoing a medical procedure on her vocal cords at a Manhattan clinic.  Here are five things you probably didn’t know about Joan Rivers...

Rivers Changed Her Stage Name Several Times

Comedian Joan Rivers began life as Joan Alexandra Molinsky in Brooklyn, New York and began performing stand-up comedy using the name Pepper January. Her agent, Tony Rivers, wanted her to change her name, so she chose Joan Rivers because she said it just felt right. Rivers believed her name was like putting on a party dress, which made it easier to perform in the nightclubs where she was working.

Her Husband Committed Suicide

Rivers’ first husband was James Sanger whom she married in 1955 although the marriage was annulled that same year. Her second marriage was in 1965 to her manager Edgar Rosenberg. Rosenberg killed himself after Fox fired the couple from The Late Show Starring Joan Rivers in 1987. They’d been married for 22 years. Rivers believed he had depression due to medication he was taking to treat a prior heart attack.

She Made Her Fortune From QVC

Comedy made her famous, but Rivers amassed her wealth thanks to QVC. Her clothing, beauty, and accessory lines totaled over $1 billion in sales during its 24-year run on QVC. Prior to the shopping network, Rivers was $37 million in debt. After joining QVC, Rivers’ Classics Collection “became a regular high-point on QVC earnings calls in the late ’90s,” reports Forbes. With an estimated income of $250 million over those 24 years, she made $10.4 million annually. 

Elective Surgery Ended Her Life

In September 2014, during minor surgery on her throat, the 81-year-old comedian went into cardiac arrest. She spent about a week in a medically induced coma before passing away. Rivers’ daughter, Melissa, sued for medical malpractice after she found that a doctor, who wasn’t supposed to be in the operating room, took a selfie with Rivers during the procedure. A settlement was reached in 2016 for an undisclosed amount.

Film of Her Guest Host Appearance on “The Tonight Show” Was Destroyed

There’s a reason you can’t find Joan’s first appearance as guest host with Johnny Carson on the “Tonight Show”. A former manager of Joan Rivers burned the tape of her first guest host appearance in spite of their broken tie. She appeared as the show’s first permanent guest host between 1983 and 1986, but once she left, she and her mentor Johnny Carson never spoke again. Rivers said Carson hung up on her when she called to say she was leaving.

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5 Things You Probably Didn't Know About Mother Teresa

After several years of deteriorating health, including heart, lung and kidney problems, Mother Teresa died on this day in 1997, at the age of 87. Here are 5 things you may not know about Mother Teresa.

She Took The Name of Teresa By Saint Teresa of Lisieux

Although, she is known as Mother Teresa world-wide, her real name was Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu. At the age of 18 he left her home to go to Ireland and entered the Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary, better known as the Sisters of Loreto. She took the name of Teresa in honor of Saint Teresa of Lisieux, patroness of the missions and Doctor of the Church. She never saw her family again in her entire life.

She Received The Nobel Peace Prize

In 1979, Mother Teresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her humanitarian work with the poor.  She refused the traditional ceremonial banquet for laureates, asking that its $192,000 cost be given to the poor in India and saying that earthly rewards were important only if they helped her to help the world's needy. In her acceptance speech, she called herself “unworthy” of the award. After the ceremony, Mother Teresa was canonized by Pope Francis as Saint Teresa.

She Didn’t Have Time to Meet With The Pope

Church leaders were aware of Mother Teresa’s work in the 1960s and were willing to lend their support to her projects. Mother Teresa always put her mission work above other things, even when Pope Paul VI was visiting India. He asked to meet her, but she told him she was too busy with her charity work, and he was so impressed that he gave her the car he was using in India. She had no use for 1964 Lincoln convertible, so she decided to raffle the car to raise money to build a leprosy hospital in India. 

Mother Teresa And Princess Diana Were Friends

Princess Diana had an unlikely friendship with Mother Teresa.  Diana and Mother Teresa both cared for helping the poor and less fortunate, which is something they bonded deeply over. During their last meeting in 1997, they prayed together, walking hand-in-hand through the streets of New York City. It was just a few weeks before they both died. Diana died in a tragic accident in Paris on August 31st, and Teresa passed away just 5 days later in India.

She Was Canonized Because of Miracles

In 2002, Mother Teresa was recognized by the church as having performed a miracle when a woman with abdominal cancer, Monica Besra, said she was cured by a bright light when a locket with Mother Teresa’s picture was placed on her. In 2008, a man with multiple tumors in his brain was cured just moments before he was to have surgery. Following a thorough investigation of her life, the church declared them miracles and elevated Mother Teresa to Saint Teresa.

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5 Things You Didn't Know About America's First Grocery Store

On September 6, 1916, the first self-service grocery store, Piggly Wiggly, was opened in Memphis, Tennessee, by Clarence Saunders. Here are five things you probably didn’t know about America’s first grocery store...

It Was the Country’s First Self-Service Grocery Store

Before the first Piggly Wiggly opened, grocery customers were waited on by a salesperson who stood behind a counter, and most of the items for sale were out of their reach. Piggly Wiggly changed that by allowing customers to browse aisles and choose what they wanted themselves and then pay for them. It wasn’t a popular idea at first but quickly caught on.

They Pioneered a Number of Firsts For Grocery Shoppers

Along with being the first self-serve grocery store, Piggly Wiggly pioneered a number of things we take for granted today. They were the first grocery store to have refrigerated cases, shopping carts, and checkout stands. In addition, their employees were the first to wear uniforms. They were also the first to develop a nationally recognized and advertised brand of food.

The Grocery Chain Is Still Going Strong

Today, there are more than 600 store locations nationwide operating in 17 states, primarily in smaller cities and towns.. Surprisingly enough, the headquarters is in Keene, New Hampshire, where they operate no grocery stores. Most of the company’s stores are located throughout the South and Midwest.

Piggly Wiggly Was the First Company to Franchise

Clarence Saunders, the founder of the chain, was clearly a visionary. He not only changed the way that shoppers bought food, his company was the first to offer franchises. This allowed purchasers to own and operate their own grocery stores under the Piggly Wiggly name.

The Name “Piggly Wiggly” Is a Mystery

According to the Piggly Wiggly Web site, founder Clarence Saunders was "reluctant" to explain the origin of the company's name. There are two theories: One story says that, while riding a train, he looked out his window and saw several little pigs struggling to get under a fence, which prompted him to think of the rhyme. Someone once asked him why he had chosen such an unusual name for his organization, to which he replied, "So people will ask that very question." Up until his death in 1953, he never explained the reason.

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5 Things You Probably Didn't Know About Uncle Sam_5

On September 7, 1813, the United States got the nickname "Uncle Sam." The name started off as a joke about food supplies but eventually became the name for the bearded character we recognize today. Here are five things you didn't know about Uncle Sam.

A Meat-Packer Inspired the Name

During the War of 1812, a meat packer named Samuel Wilson was in charge of supplying beef to U.S. troops. He was affectionately known as Uncle Sam, and when his products arrived in containers marked with "U.S.," troops joked that they were from Uncle Sam.  The nickname was noticed by a local paper, and "Uncle Sam" quickly became associated with government business. 

Uncle Sam Got His Beard From the Same Guy Who Drew Santa Claus

Uncle Sam didn't have a physical image for decades; the term was really just a nickname. However, in the 1860s, a political cartoonist named Thomas Nast began drawing a figure he called Uncle Sam; this figure didn't have a beard at first but later was given one before the turn of the century.  Thomas Nast was also responsible for drawing many of the symbols we recognize today. Not only did he create the image of Uncle Sam, but he also created the donkey and elephant symbols for the Democrats and Republicans, and the image of a jolly bearded man that we now know as the image of Santa Claus.

America’s Symbol Wasn’t Always A Man

Before Uncle Sam, there was Columbia. Derived from Christopher Columbus, Columbia was a term used to describe North America and the United States, and was the name chosen for the district George Washington carved out for the nation’s capital. In artwork, Columbia was presented as a woman, though no particular type of dress or appearance became commonplace. Nast used Columbia in several of his editorial cartoons.

The Most Famous Image Of Uncle Sam Was For A Recruitment Poster

1917, illustrator James Montgomery Flagg drew an image of Uncle Sam to use as a recruitment poster for World War I, which showed Uncle Sam pointing and saying “I want YOU for U.S. Army.” This had been highly successful on a British poster that pictured Lord Kitchener in a similar pose. About four million copies were printed for the war effort, and the poster was updated using the illustrator’s face for World War II. 

Uncle Same Is Also Linked To Some Comic Book Heroes

."Sam Wilson" is a pretty common name, but Marvel Comics may have decided to base its superhero character "the Falcon" on the meatpacker Sam Wilson. And in 2014, when the comics publisher decided to remove the character of Steve Rogers from the position of Captain America, guess who got the job? Yes -- the Falcon, or Sam Wilson, now personifying the country in a superhero capacity.

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5 Things You Probably Didn't Know About Star Trek_2

On September 8, 1966, the TV series Star Trek premiered on NBC. What started as a little space adventure show ballooned into a cultural phenomenon and some of the most beloved characters in television and movie history. Here are five things you probably didn't know about Star Trek...

It Had The First Interracial KIiss On U.S. Television

The series will forever go down in history for having the first interracial kiss on American television in 1968. The kiss was between Captain Kirk and Lt. Uhura, but originally the kiss was supposed to be with Spock! But once William Shatner got a whiff that history was going to be made without him, he immediately got the scene changed so the first interracial kiss was with Lieutenant Uhura and Captain Kirk.

James "Scotty" Doohan Created The Klingon Language

The show is notorious for creating an entire language for its fictional Klingon alien species. The seeds of Klingon grammar and vocabulary for the language were created by James Doohan, who played Scotty. He then brought in a linguist Mark Okrand to finish up the language. Okrand took the few lines and analyzed their sounds and syntax, and built an entire, logical artificial language that now appears in Bing's translator software.

Neither William Shatner Nor Zachary Quinto Could Do a Proper Vulcan Salute

How many of you reading this had to teach yourselves to do the Vulcan salute, where your fingers form a V shape with two fingers on each side? Consider yourselves lucky if you trained yourself to make this hand signal easily; neither William Shatner (Kirk) nor Zachary Quinto (Spock in the rebooted timeline) were able to do so. Shatner had to tie fishing line around his fingers to get them to stay in place for the salute, and Quinto had to use a form of superglue typically used in hospitals on skin. 

Stephen Hawking is The Only Person To Play Himself on Star Trek

To this day, Stephen Hawking is the only person to play himself in the Star Trek universe.  The appearance happened in the episode, “Descent” where the famous scientist sits down with Data, Albert Einstein, and Sir Isaac Newton for a game of poker. Like Einstein and Newton, Hawking was rendered as a hologram. Notably, Hawking wins the game by bluffing Einstein. When Hawking visited the set of Star Trek, and saw the warp core that allows starships to travel at impossible speeds and traverse the galaxy, he joked “I’m working on that.” 

William Shatner Has Never Watched The Series

It’s not that uncommon for actors to not watch their own work. But this could be very heartbreaking to devoted Trekkies. The star of the hit show hasn’t bothered to watch one episode of his work. “I never watched Star Trek,“ the actor said in an interview. “I have not even seen any of the Star Trek movies. I don’t watch myself. When I direct and have to look at filmed scenes of myself, I suck.”

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5 Things You Probably Didn't Know About California_2

On September 9, 1850, California became the 31st state of the Union. There are a lot of things that make California, also known fittingly as the Golden State, unique.  Here are five interesting facts about California that will surprise you...

The Fortune Cookie Was Invented in San Francisco

Although there are several stories as to when and where in the state the fortune cookie was invented, the prevailing one is that the cookies were made by the San Francisco bakery Benkyodo, and it was first served at the Japanese Tea Garden in Golden Gate Park.  However, a Chinese immigrant named David Jung contested that he invented the cookie in 1918 in Los Angeles. Jung was the founder of the Hong Kong Noodle Company, and fought the San Francisco’s Court of Historical Review for the title of inventor. He lost.

Fallbrook, California Is the Avocado Capital Of The World

Fallbrook, located in San Diego County, claims the title of "Avocado Capital of the World."  A festival is held every year that draws enormous crowds. Avocados are so prevalent in California that they were named the state fruit in 2013.

Beverly Hills Began as a Lima Bean Ranch

Originally a Spanish ranch that grew lima beans, Beverly Hills is now one of the most famous neighborhoods in Los Angeles.  Beverly Hills was incorporated in 1914, named after Beverly Farms in Massachusetts and the hills in the immediate area. The city’s glamour and appeal to Golden Age Hollywood movie stars were established when Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford purchased 56 acres there to build an estate.  Other celebrities began to follow suit, making 90210 a prestigious zip code.

The California State Flag Is Based on a Real Bear

The California state flag features a majestic looking California grizzly bear named “Monarch.” Monarch was based on a real bear of the same name who was found in the Ventura Mountains in 1889. Monarch was the last grizzly to live in the wild in the state until he was captured and brought to Woodward Gardens in San Francisco. Monarch is now a taxidermy item at the California Academy of Sciences in the city where he died.

A Chemical Element Is Named After California

Californium is a rare earth metal that is radioactive and was discovered on March 18, 1950. It was named after the state itself as well as the University of California where it was first synthesized. Californium is produced in particle accelerators and nuclear reactors.

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5 Surprising Facts About The Classic Western "Gunsmoke"

On September 10, 1955, the first episode of the TV show Gunsmoke aired on CBS and became one of the most popular TV westerns in television history. Here are five things you probably didn't know about the iconic show.  

James Arness Appeared In All 635 Episodes Of The Show

James Arness played U.S. Marshal Matt Dillon in every episode for 20 years. All the other characters had times when they did not appear on the show, but Sheriff Matt Dillon had to be there to round up the bad guys. Since it was originally a half-hour show, it probably got more difficult for the actor as it expanded to one hour because of its popularity. Kelsey Grammer, star of “Cheers” and “Frasier,” is the only other actor to play the same character for 20 years, and he had to act in two different television programs to do it.

Raymond Burr and William Conrad were almost cast as Matt Dillon

A total of 26 actors screen tested for the lead role. William Conrad, who voiced Matt Dillon on the radio program, and Raymond Burr were close to winning the gig, but were both considered too heavy to play the role. Producers reportedly yearned to cast John Wayne, who could not be lured from the the silver screen to the boob tube. However, Wayne recommended his pal James Arness, and turned up to introduce the series in the first episode.

All 4 Senior Officers On Star Trek Officers Appeared On The Show

They came without their lasers and backup from the starship, but Captain Kirk, Bones, Scotty and Mr. Spock all appeared on “Gunsmoke” at different times, with Leonard Nimoy appearing in four episodes. Three of the kids from “The Brady Bunch,” who played Peter, Cindy and Jan, appeared as well. Other famous actors who appeared in episodes included Bette Davis, Bruce Dern, Richard Dreyfuss and Kurt Russell.

Gunsmoke Killed Off “Gilligan’s Island”

Gunsmoke was in danger of being canceled in 1967, as the show slipped out of the Top 30. However, CBS president William Paley was a fan of the series. He gambled and moved the show to an early Monday primetime slot — Mondays at 7:30PM. Unfortunately, that was the slot of "Gilligan's Island, which was canceled to make room for Gunsmoke. The move worked, as the Western leaped to No. 4 in the ratings.

The Show Popularized The Idiom "Get The Hell Out Of Dodge."

Ever ponder the source of that saying? Well, Gunsmoke was set in Dodge City. Criminals were often compelled to "get the hell out of Dodge." Teens started mimicking the line, and it stuck.

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5 Big Events That Also Occurred on September 11th

On September 11, 2001, Islamic terrorists crashed two airliners into the World Trade Center in New York, causing the 110-story twin towers to collapse. Another hijacked airliner hit the Pentagon and a fourth crashed in a field in Pennsylvania. Find out 5 other important events that also occurred on September 11.

Manhattan Island Was Discovered on September 11, 1609

English explorer Henry Hudson ran into bad weather and accidentally sailed up a river off the Atlantic Ocean while searching for a passage to the Pacific.  In the process he discovers the island of Manhattan. He successfully navigates the river which now bears his name all the way to present-day Albany.

On September 11, 1789, a Tax on Whiskey Was Proposed in America

When Alexander Hamilton was appointed as the new U.S. Treasury secretary, he had to come up with ways to pay for that expensive Revolutionary War that freed the country from England. He proposed a whiskey tax because he didn’t think many people would object to such a luxury tax. He was so wrong that it led to the Whiskey Rebellion of 1794.

The Massive Hope Diamond Was Stolen on September 11, 1792

The impressive 45.52 carat Hope Diamond was stolen along with most of the other crown jewels in France during the French Revolution as Louis XVI was kept under house arrest. The unique diamond did not reappear until 1812 in London, and at that time, it was only two days after the statute of limitations had expired on its theft. During the 20 years it had gone missing, someone had cut it into two pieces, and the location of the other recut piece of the original diamond is unknown.

On September 11, 1814, Americans Won the Battle of Plattsburgh

This battle, which occurred on Lake Champlain, stopped the British from invading from the north during the War of 1812. Although American militiamen from Vermont and New York were heavily outnumbered, the British suffered heavy losses and retreated into Canada. The two sides sign a peace treaty in Ghent several months later.

Pete Rose Broke Ty Cobb’s Record on September 11, 1985

It was during the first inning of a game between the Cincinnati Reds and San Diego Padres that switch hitter Pete Rose broke the record for all-time number of hits. With his 4,192 hit, he broke Ty Cobb’s record, which showed that Rose certainly earned his nickname “Charlie Hustle.” Unfortunately, Rose was banned from playing Major League Baseball a few years later because he had been betting on the games, which is a big no-no.

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5 Things You Probably Didn't Know About Johnny Cash_3

On September 12, 2003, country musician Johnny Cash died at age 71 after a long career of entertaining country music fans around the world. Here are 5 little-known facts you didn't know about "The Man in Black"...  

He Was Once Hospitalized By An Ostrich.

By the time Johnny Cash was in his fifties he’d had a lot of success – enough to own a private ranch in Henderson, Tennessee in which he kept, amongst other things, ostriches. One day, a male ostrich kicked him in the chest, leaving him in intensive care with 5 broken ribs and internal bleeding. The hospitalization reportedly led to his addiction to morphine.

The Origins of “Walk The Line” Come From Playing Bavarian Guitar Music Backwards

In an interview with Larry King, Cash explained that the prominent shuffling sound that runs throughout “Walk The Line” was inspired by the sound of a tape playing backwards. Even more amusingly, it was actually a tape of Bavarian guitar music. 

His Cousin Was President Jimmy Carter

Johnny Cash became a cousin by marriage to future President Jimmy Carter, who himself was a distant cousin of June Carter. When they met they became friends and remained so throughout their lives. Jimmy Carter wasn’t Cash’s only Presidential acquaintance though – he was a buddy of George Bush Sr., and Bill Clinton.

The U.S. Government Sued Him

Cash was the first person to ever be sued by the U.S. for starting a forest fire. It happened when one of the wheel bearings on his truck overheated and started a huge forest fire in Los Padres National Forest. Having 508 acres burn down because of your truck was bad enough, but the forest that burned happened to be home to 53 California condors. Forty-nine of the endangered birds died in the blaze, and Cash had to pay $82,001 to the federal government for the damage. 

Cash Translated Morse Code Sent in Russian

Cash entered the Air Force at age 18 and was sent to Landsberg, West Germany, for three years, where he learned to decipher Morse Code. His job was to listen to Soviet communications for a Security Services unit. Because he was listening on March 5, 1953, he may have been the first people outside the Soviet Union to learn of the death of Joseph Stalin, the Soviet Premier.

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5 Sweet Facts About Hershey's Chocolate

On September 13, 1857, Milton Hershey was born -- to the future delight of chocolate lovers. Here are five sweet facts you probably didn't know about the man that popularized chocolate throughout much of the world…

Milton Hershey Got His Start Making Caramels, Not Chocolate

After launching two unsuccessful confectionery businesses in Philadelphia and New York, which lasted six years and three years, respectively, Hershey returned to Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and launched the Lancaster Caramel Company in 1886 using a recipe he acquired on his travels. The company was a massive success. He sold it for $1 million in 1900 (the equivalent of more than $28 million today) and focused his attentions on chocolate, stating that “caramels are just a fad, but chocolate is a permanent thing.”

The Name Mr. Goodbar Was A Misunderstanding

Hershey’s initially didn’t want to sell chocolate bars with peanuts, but the company's sales had plummeted during the Depression, and Hershey wanted to protect his employees from layoffs. They added Mr. Goodbar as a source of protein because the candy bars contained peanuts. While considering what to call the new candy bar, an executive said that the new product was a “good bar.”  Milton Hershey was hard of hearing and thought that the exec had said “Mr. Good Bar.” He liked the name, so it stuck. 

Heat Resistant Hershey Chocolate Has Been To The Moon

During World War II, Hershey developed ration bars for the military that could withstand battlefield conditions.  These bars were purposely designed not to be too tasty so troops wouldn’t be tempted to eat them right away. Hershey’s secret was to decrease the sugar and increase the chocolate liquor to make them less appealing. The Field Ration D bars weren’t a hit with soldiers, but they met the government’s specifications. Between 1941 and 1945, Hershey produced over one billion of the bars.  Hershey worked again with the military to create the  heat-resistant “Hershey's Tropical Chocolate Bar.” The bar was designed to last up to an hour in 120  degree temperatures and was given to soldiers entering warm climates.  In 1971, these bars accompanied the Apollo 15 astronauts to the moon.

Milton Hershey Was Supposed To Be On The Titanic

Milton and Kitty Hershey had paid a $300 deposit for a first-class cabin on the ill-fated maiden voyage of the RMS Titanic. Fortunately, either business or illness interfered with their plans, and they ended up taking a German liner called the Amerika, arriving back home before the Titanic met its gruesome end.

The Company Once Made Gum

A rumor that Beech Nut Gum was going to make chocolate influenced Hershey to produce his own chewing gum in competition. The gum, named “Easy Chew,” came out in 1915, but it was a problem getting sugar and chicle because of import restrictions placed on non-essential products.. The chewing gum was discontinued in 1924.

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5 Things You Didn't Know About Princess Grace

On September 14th, 1982, Princess Grace of Monaco (better known to some as the actress Grace Kelly) died from injuries she suffered after her car plunged off a mountain road near Monte Carlo. Here are 5 things you didn't know about Princess Grace.

She Had To Pay $2 Million And Take A Fertility Test To Marry Prince Rainier

Kelly had to agree to some unusual traditions among royalty in Monaco to marry. One of them was to take a fertility test to prove she could produce an heir to the throne. She also had to give up her American citizenship. Moreover, Kelly's family was required to pay a dowry of $2 million. Kelly's father was outraged by this demand and initially refused to pay up, allegedly saying, "My daughter doesn't have to pay any man to marry her. Her father eventually agreed to pay part of it, and Kelly herself reportedly ended up forking over half of the dowry herself. Prince Rainier's friend Aristotle Onassis supposedly chipped in as well.

She Was the First Actress to Be on a Postage Stamp

Kelly represents the first actress to appear on a postage stamp in America, even though she was then formally Princess Grace of Monaco. In the United States, heads of state cannot be on U.S. stamps, so a little imagination was needed to allow it to be issued. The stamp listed her simply as Grace Kelly.

Her Films Were Banned in Monaco

Prince Rainier didn’t want Grace Kelly continuing her career as an actress and banned her films from being shown in Monaco, saying that it was not very dignified for someone of her new position. Rainier did allow her to appear in Marnie, another Hitchcock film, although this never came to fruition.

Hermès Named a Handbag After Her

When Princess Grace was pregnant with her first child, she shielded her growing bump from the paparazzi with a handbag in front of her. It made the handbag so popular that it became known as the "Kelly bag." It was officially renamed in 1977 and now has an extended line that includes compact wallets, belts and watches.

She Died In A Tragic Accident

Princess Grace was driving to a train station with her daughter Stephanie when she missed a turn, and the car plunged down a steep slope. She died the next night, while her daughter suffered a hairline vertebral fracture and a concussion. It was concluded that the princess had suffered a stroke while driving that caused her to lose control of the car.

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5 Things You Probably Didn't Know About William Taft

September 15, 1857, is the birthday of President William Howard Taft. Although he served only one term, his influence on the country is undeniable in that he was later appointed chief justice of the Supreme Court. Here are 5 facts to help you celebrate William Howard Taft's legacy.

He Was the Last U.S. President to Have Facial Hair

Between the Lincoln and Taft administrations, all but two commanders-in-chief boasted some sort of facial hair. All U.S. presidents after Taft have been clean-shaven. The first U.S. president to have a mustache in office was Ulysses S. Grant, and the first person to have any facial hair, in the form of prominent sideburns, was John Quincy Adams.

He Preferred Being on the Supreme Court

In 1921, Taft was appointed to the Supreme Court by then-President Warren G. Harding, where he served as Chief Justice. Taft remains the only person to hold the offices of both President and Chief Justice. Taft was open about how much he preferred being on the Supreme Court to being in the White House (though interestingly, he was offered appointments to the court in the early 1900s and turned those down). Upon becoming Chief Justice in 1921, he happily declared “I don’t remember that I was ever president.”

He Was the First President to Throw an Opening-Day Pitch

Taft and some of the members of his administration decided to attend the home-opener baseball game for the Washington Senators in April 1910. While Taft was in the stands, the umpire came over and asked Taft to throw out a new baseball to start the game. One hundred and ten years later, this opening day tradition is still going strong.

He Once Had an Embarrassing Bathtub Incident (No, Not That One).

William Taft is often remembered as "the president that got stuck in a bathtub while in office."  The story, however, apparently doesn’t hold any water. No documentary evidence backs it up, and the story didn’t arise until two decades after Taft left the presidency.  However, he did have a different verified incident with a bathtub -- just not one in which he got stuck. Instead, this one involved water displacement. He was getting into a full tub in a hotel in 1915 when his bulk caused the water level to rise so much that water spilled out of the tub, soaked through the floor, and dripped onto people downstairs.  Taft made light of the situation while looking out at the Atlantic Ocean shortly thereafter, he said, “I’ll get a piece of that fenced in some day, and then I venture to say there won’t be any overflow.” 

His Son and Grandson Continued the Family Political Dynasty

Taft wasn't the only one in his family to go into politics. His son, Robert A. Taft,  nicknamed "Mr. Republican", became one of the twentieth century’s most influential senators. He is often remembered for leading an anti-Truman coalition of conservative Republicans and Southern Democrats. Taft's grandson, William H. Taft IV, became a political attorney who worked with Ronald Reagan and George W. Bush.

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6 Things You Probably Didn't Know About Boston

On September 16, 1630, a small Massachusetts village of Shawmut changed its name to Boston. Want to show off your wicked Boston smarts? Here are six things you need to know about Beantown.

Boston is Named After a Town in England

Many people wonder how Boston got its name and few realize that, much like other cities and towns in New England, it too was named after a city in England. The city of Boston, Massachusetts was named after the city of Boston in Lincolnshire, England. Many of Boston’s early settlers were from Boston, England in the UK, and decided to keep the name.

The Boston Red Sox Have a Patent on a Particular Shade of Green

The Boston Red Sox are known for their Green Monster, which overlooks the ball field in Fenway Park. The color is so distinctive that the Sox have a patent on the color. If you really like "Fenway Green," don't worry; the Benjamin Moore paint company (the official paint company associated with the Sox) issued a line of baseball-related paints in 2014, including "Green Monster Green." The line inlcuded colors like "Boston Red" and "Foul Pole Yellow."

The First American Lighthouse Was Built in Boston Harbor in 1716

Little Brewster Island is where the first lighthouse was ever built in what is now the United States. While that lighthouse is long gone, the current island lighthouse dates back to 1783. Boston Light is the only Coast Guard-manned lighthouse in the country. It takes a special group of people to keep the light shining. Guiding a group of 32 assistant keepers is Coast Guard Auxiliarist Sally Snowman, the keeper of Boston Light.

Christmas Was Once Banned

The Grinch had nothing on the 17th-century Puritans, who actually banned the celebration of Christmas in Boston for an entire generation. That's right – from 1659 until 1681, it was illegal to observe Christmas in Boston. In their strict interpretation of the Bible, the Puritans noted that there was no scriptural basis for commemorating Christmas. The ban was revoked in 1681, however it was not until the mid-19th century that celebrating Christmas became fashionable in the Boston region.

A Deadly Wave of Molasses Flooded The North End

In January 15, 1919, a storage tank holding more than 2 million gallons of molasses burst, sending a giant wave of the hot syrupy substance through the North End of Boston. It killed 21 people and several horses and injured more than 100 others,making it the worst molasses-related accident in history.

The Fig Newton is named after a Boston suburb

The iconic Fig Newton was one of the earliest commercially baked products in America. Although rumor has it the cookie was named after the pioneering physicist Isaac Newton, the Fig Newton is actually named after the Boston suburb of Newton, Massachusetts. The Boston-based Kennedy Biscuit company had a habit of naming their cookies after local towns, and they already had cookies named Beacon Hill, Harvard, and Shrewsbury when the Newton was created.

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