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5 Things You Probably Didn't Know About M*A*S*H_4

On September 17, 1972, the comedy series "M*A*S*H" premiered on CBS and ran from 1972 to 1983, much longer than the Korean War itself. Here are five other facts about this iconic television show that you probably didn't know.... 

“M*A*S*H” Lasted a Lot Longer Than the Real Korean War

The Korean War lasted three years, on month, and two days, which was much shorter than the television program that entertained viewers for 11 years. Many of the storylines acted out in M*A*S*H are actually real stories which came from real MASH units which were operating in Korea, taking the stories from actual patients, doctors, nurses, and other soldiers who were serving on the Korean peninsula.

Four Cast Members Served in the Military

Alan Alda (Captain Hawkeye Pierce) was in Korea for six months with the Army Reserve, and Jamie Far (Klinger) was in the Army at Camp Drake in Tokyo when he was requested to join the Korean USO Tour by Red Skelton. Mike Farrell (B.J. Hunnicut) served in the U.S. Marine Corps. Wayne Rogers (Trapper John) was a ship navigator in the Navy.

The Finale Is The Most Watched Episode In American History

When the final show was aired on February 38, 1983, it was estimated that 77 percent of television viewers around the country were tuned in, totaling 121.6 million people. The finale, a 2 ½ hour special, was titled “Goodbye, Farewell and Amen.” During the beginning of the series, advertisers paid $30,000 for a 30-second commercial, but to air a spot for 30 seconds during the finale, they had to spend $450,000.

The Cast Did IBM Commercials

After the massive success which was MASH, the brand IBM wanted to create the same kind of splash with their brand new product – the home, personal computer, or PC. They decided to hire the old cast of MASH and had them closely reprise their own characters, but in a “modern” (read 1980s) office setting.

There Were 3 Spinoffs

One of the spinoffs was “Trapper John, M.D.,” which was on the air between 1979 and 1986 and was about Trapper John McIntyre’s present-day tenure as chief of surgery in San Francisco (it didn’t star Wayne Rogers). “After MASH” featured three of the original stars of the hit show, Harry Morgan, William Christopher and Jamie Farr. Unfortunately, the show was unable to compete with “The A-Team” and was canceled during its second season. The third attempt at a spinoff was W*A*L*T*E*R, and was to star Gary Burgdorf as Walter “Radar” O’Reilly, who starts life again as a policeman in St. Louis. However, the pilot wasn’t picked up, and aired only once as a "CBS Special Presentation" on July 17, 1984.

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5 Things You Didn't Know About the New York Times_2

On September 18, 1851, the first edition of The New York Times was published which was originally titled the New-York Daily Times. Here are 5 surprising facts you probably never knew about the New York Times...

The New York Times Started The Famous Times Square Ball Drop

The annual New Year’s Eve ball stop in Times Square is a big event attended by huge crowds and watched on television by around 1.2 billion people. The event was originally created by The New York Times in 1905 to promote their new headquarters, which was right in the square. The area was called Longacre Square at the time but was renamed Times Square later that year. Interestingly, the original event did not involve a ball but lots of fireworks instead. People returned to watch the event the following year, and the tradition has continued ever since. The New York Times used fireworks until 1907 when it dropped the first electrified ball.

The Editor of the Crossword Puzzle Has an Enigmatology Degree

Indiana native Will Shortz is The New York Times puzzle editor, a position he has held since 1993. He has always loved puzzles and made and sold his first one at age 14. When he got older, he decided to study enigmatology, the analysis of puzzles, in college. Although no school offered that course of study, he got the degree when Indiana University allowed him to create a major in enigmatology. As far as he is aware, Shortz is the only human with a degree in enigmatology. 

The New York Times Once Condemned The Crossword Puzzle

The New York Times is now famous for its crossword puzzles. Interestingly, it condemned the puzzle when the now-defunct New York World newspaper published their first crossword puzzle. Most New York–based newspapers joined the fad and were all publishing puzzles by 1920 except, of course, The New York Times. The New York Times changed its opinion about puzzles after Japan bombed Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.  The editor of the Sunday edition, informed his publisher that readers required something to relax from the deadly news of World War II. That “something” was the crossword puzzle. The New York Times published its first crossword puzzle on February 15, 1942, and has not looked back since.

The Times Ran a Contest to Change Its Slogan

When you see the slogan “All the News That’s Fit to Print,” you know you are dealing with The New York Times. However, this could have been very different if the newspaper had changed its slogan when it tried to do so in 1896. After Adolph S. Ochs acquired the paper from its former owners, he decided that the newspaper needed a new slogan and organized a contest of “10 words or less” that would describe the newspaper best with $100 going to the winner. He got more than he bargained for with some suggestions such as “Fresh Facts Free From Filth” and “News, Not Nausea.” The winner was D.M. Redfield, who suggested “All the World’s News, but Not a School for Scandal.” Redfield received the $100 prize, but The New York Times added that they would not adopt his slogan. They would just stick with “All the News That’s Fit to Print.”

BuzzFeed "Borrowed" Their Slogan

In 2017, BuzzFeed created a new morning show, AM to DM, which it aired live on Twitter. The show’s slogan was “All the News Too Lit for Print.” This was clearly a pun on “All the News That’s Fit to Print,” which The New York Times had trademarked in 1996. Shani O. Hilton, who was in charge of BuzzFeed’s US news division, apologized to the New York Times in a blog post about the slogan.  BuzzFeed later changed its slogan after The New York Times got its attorneys involved.

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5 Things You Didn't Know About President Garfield

On September 19, 1881, President James A. Garfield, who had been in office just under four months, succumbed to wounds inflicted by an assassin 80 days earlier. Here are 5 things you didn't know about President James Garfield...

Garfield Got Poor Care at the Hospital After He Was Shot

Garfield was shot by Charles Guiteau, a former Garfield supporter who believed he deserved an ambassadorship in Europe. After his letters were ignored by the Garfield administration, he shot Garfieldin the abdomen at a Washington, D.C. train station. Doctors failed in removing the bullet and didn’t bother washing their hands or wearing gloves when sticking their fingers in his wound. The injury worsened and infection set in. Garfield lived for around 80 days and died on this day in 1881. Charles Guiteau was hanged for the crime the following year.

Alexander Graham Bell Attempted to Save His Life

Bell was the inventor of the telephone, gramophone, and various medical technologies. He was allowed to see Garfield to use his makeshift metal detector over Garfield's body to locate where the bullet was located in the president’s abdomen. Bell was unsuccessful, though he reportedly did manage to detect the metal in the president's mattress.

Three Different Presidents Served in 1881

Only two times in American history have there been three presidents to server in the same year, the first being in 1841.  The three presidents who served in 1841 were Martin Van Buren, William Henry Harrison, and John Tyler. The second time was in 1881 when Rutherford Hayes lost to James Garfield. Garfield only served from March until September 1881 when his vice president, Chester A. Arthur was elevated to the position. 

Garfield Was The Second President To Be Assassinated

The first American presidential assassination was that of Abraham Lincoln by John Wilkes Booth on April 14, 1865. Garfield was the second but hung on for more than two months before his death. During that 80 day period, he performed only one official act, the signing of an extradition paper.

He Was The First Left Handed President

Only eight presidents have favored writing with their left hand, and Garfield was the first, but he was actually ambidextrous. It is rumored that you could ask him a question in English and he could simultaneously write the answer in Greek with one hand and in Latin with the other.  Other left-handed presidents were Barack Obama, Herbert Hoover, Harry Truman, Gerald Ford, Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush, and Bill Clinton.

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5 Things You Didn't Know About Billy Jean King

On September 20, 1973, in a highly publicized “Battle of the Sexes” tennis match, top women’s player Billie Jean King defeated Bobby Riggs, a former No. 1 ranked men’s player.. Here are five facts you didn’t know about Billy Jean King.

She Remained Close Friends With Bobby Riggs

Despite drawing in over 90 million viewers to see their feud on the tennis court, Billy Jean King and her Battle of the Sexes opponent Bobby Riggs remained close friends until his death in 1995 from prostate cancer. King described how she saw Riggs as kind of a tragic figure back in 1973. “He never really got the attention he deserved, and I knew that he was craving this attention, like nobody respected him when he was No. 1 in the world.”

Elton John Wrote a Song About Her

Pop singer Elton John, along with Bernie Taupin, his partner, wrote “Philadelphia Freedom” in 1975 in honor of King. She belonged to a tennis group called the Philadelphia Freedoms, and he told her that he was writing a song for her as a tribute. In a 2015 article detailing their friendship at the time is this interesting nugget: “John told King ahead of time that he was penning a track in tribute to her. The World Team Tennis squad she fronted in Philly was an inspiration, as John followed the team’s movements with aplomb, delighted by the sport and by his winsome friend.” To this day, King and John remain friends. 

King Lost Her Endorsements When She Came Out

King made it clear that coming out as a gay woman had a shocking and immediate effect on her life. “This is the biggest struggle I’ve had in my entire life,” she detailed. “I told my PR person and I told my lawyer, ‘I want to have a press conference and I’m going to tell the truth.’ They said ‘You cannot do that. No one’s ever done that.’ I said, ‘I don’t care what people have done before me.'”King went on to describe how immediate that backlash was: “The truth always sets you free, [but] I lost all my money in 24 hours. Every single endorsement I had, I lost it in 24 hours. But it’s OK. It’s like you just start over.”

Barack Obama Recognized Her Greatness

King was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Obama in 2009 for her activism for women and the LGBTQ community.  Additionally, Obama made King a member of the presidential delegation for the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia. Her visible involvement was interpreted as a political commentary on Russia’s extreme anti-LGBTQ laws. 

She Holds a Number of Incredible Tennis Records

King was one of the original female forces who completely shook up the world of tennis. As a former World No 1 ranked female tennis player, King won an inspirational 39 Grand Slam titles (12 in singles, 16 in doubles and 11 in mixed doubles). She also won the singles at the first ever WTA Tour Championships, while being on the winning US team for seven Federation Cups and nine Wightman Cups.

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5 Memorable Moments During "Monday Night Football"

On September 21, 1970, "NFL Monday Night Football" debuted on ABC with commentators Howard Cosell, Don Meredith, and Keith Jackson. Here are 5 memorable moments that happened during Monday Night Football...

“Monday Night Football” Gave Big Breaks to Many Players

None of the breaks matched Joe Theismann, the quarterback for the Washington Redskins, when he broke his right leg live on nationwide television. It was on November 18, 1985, in a game with the New York Giants that Theisman was tackled by Lawrence Taylor, which resulted in a compound fracture with one of the bones protruding from his skin. ABC was kind enough to replay the image approximately…oh, 837 times. Still, there is one person who to this day has never seen the play — Theismann himself. 

A Protest Began After Racist Remarks by Sports Announcer Howard Cosell

Although Cosell was a big supporter of black athletes, his mouth often got him into trouble, especially after he said, "That little monkey gets loose…" about RedSkins player Alvin Garret. Cosell resigned in 1983 before the next season began. The statement was denounced as racist, but it was pointed out that Cosell had regularly used the same term to describe small players of all races.

Howard Cosell Announced John Lennon’s Death

On December 8, 1980, during a Dolphins-Patriots game, Cosell announced the death of John Lennon to the audience that was watching and people in the stands. Since the number of television channels was limited in those days, CBS had forwarded the news to the sports broadcasters at the game and asked that the announcement be made.  John Madden, an analyst for the NFL, said it was the way things were in the days before there were multiple news sources.

Millions of People Watched the Game on December 3, 1985

Around 70 million viewers watched the heavily anticipated game between the Chicago Bears and Miami Dolphins in 1985 because the Bears had a 12-0 record, and if they won, it would mean they had a perfect season. That was before Dan Marino of the Dolphins threw three stunning passes for touchdowns, and Ron Davenport ran the distance for two more. The score ended up 38 Dolphins and 24 Bears.

Howard Cosell Got Really Drunk at One of the Games

Many people associate Monday Night Football with downing a few drinks, but not usually in the announcers’ booth. While broadcasting a 1970 Eagles-Giants game, Howard Cosell was slurring his words before disappearing in the second quarter. Legend has it that martinis sent over by the Eagles owner is what did him in, leading Cosell to vomit on colleague Don Meredith’s cowboy boots. Cosell later blamed his demeanor on the effects of ”a virulent virus.”

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5 Things You Didn't Know About The Emancipation Proclamation_3

On September 22, 1862, President Abraham Lincoln issued a preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, which set a date for the freedom of more than 3 million slaves in the United States. Here are five things you didn't know about the Emancipation Proclamation...

Lincoln Actually Issued The Emancipation Proclamation Twice

Abraham Lincoln issued the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation on September 22nd, 1862. It stipulated that if the Southern states did not cease their rebellion by January 1st, 1863, then Proclamation would go into effect. When the Confederacy did not yield, Lincoln issued the final version of the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1st, 1863. 

It Didn't Free All Slaves

In fact, it didn't free even a majority of slaves. The Proclamation is popularly seen now as this wide-ranging reform, but all it really did was say that the slaves in states that were still rebelling as of January 1, 1863, would be freed. Not the slaves in states that decided to stop rebelling, or slaves in states that had never rebelled, or in those in Union territory, but only those in about ten states that still had a chance to give up fighting. However, the Proclamation was a vital step toward expanding emancipation for all slaves.

It Allowed African Americans to Join Union Armed Forces

One part of the Emancipation Proclamation that doesn't seem to get a lot of attention in school is the part that allowed African Americans to join the U.S. military. African Americans had already started fighting; some were in Confederate forces as slaves, and in 1861, Congress issued the First Confiscation Act, which freed all the slaves who were in the Confederate military, either as soldiers or workers. In 1862, all-African-American regiments that were loyal to the Union were formed. By the end of the war, over 200,000 African-Americans would serve in the Union army and navy.

The Proclamation Wasn't Actually a Law

The Emancipation Proclamation was... a proclamation. It was an order but not a law, and technically it didn't end slavery. Union-friendly states still got to have slaves according to the terms of the proclamation (remember, it focused on rebelling states), so Lincoln pushed for the proclamation and the end of slavery to be made law. That led to the 13th Amendment to the Constitution in 1865, which ended slavery in every state.

Lincoln Considered The Emancipation Proclamation The Crowning Achievement

President Lincoln considered the Emancipation Proclamation to be the most important aspect of his legacy. “I never, in my life, felt more certain that I was doing right, than I do in signing this paper,” he declared. “If my name ever goes into history it will be for this act, and my whole soul is in it."

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5 Things You Probably Didn't Know About Neptune_2

On September 23, 1846, German astronomer Johann Gottfried Galle discovered the planet Neptune, the eighth planet in our solar system. To celebrate this landmark event in astronomical history, here are five things you probably didn't know about the planet Neptune...

The Discovery of Neptune is Still a Controversy

The first person to have seen Neptune was likely Galileo, who marked it as a star in one of his drawings. However, since he did not identify it as a planet, he is not credited with the discovery.  That credit goes to French mathematician Urbain Le Verrier and the English mathematician John Couch Adams, both of whom predicted that a new planet – known as Planet X – would be discovered in a specific region of the sky. When astronomer Johann Gottfried Galle actually found the planet in 1846, both mathematicians took credit for the discovery.

Neptune Is The Coldest Planet in The Solar System

The temperatures on Neptune can dip down -221.45 degrees Celsius (-366.6 °F). That’s almost three times the coldest temperature ever recorded on Earth (-89.2°C; -129°F), which means that an unprotected human being would flash freeze in a second!

Neptune's Has The Fastest Wind Speeds In The Solar System

Neptune's winds can reach speeds of up to 1,500 miles per hour, faster than the speed of sound. Scientists are puzzled exactly how an icy cold planet like Neptune can get its cloud tops to move so fast. One idea is that the cold temperatures and the flow of fluid gasses in the planet’s atmosphere might reduce friction to the point that it’s easy to generate winds that move so quickly.

Neptune Has Dark Rings

Neptune has five rings, all named after people involved in the discovery of Neptune (Galle, Le Verrier, Adams, Arago, and Lassell). The rings are not bright like Saturn's, so it's difficult for people to spot the rings even with powerful telescopes. The rings may be the remnants of a moon that was destroyed in an inner orbit, possibly by Neptune's gravity.

Voyager 2 Is the Only Earth Spacecraft to Visit Neptune

Despite all the probes and telescopes that have been launched from Earth, the only spacecraft that has ever visited Neptune was NASA’s Voyager 2.  Voyager 2 made its Neptune flyby on August 25, 1989, passing within 1,860 miles of the planet’s north pole. Voyager 2's data showed geysers on Triton (Neptune's moon) and dispelled the notion that the moon was all ice; it also proved the theory that Neptune has rings. Voyager 2 also viewed Neptune’s “Great Dark Spot“, the rotating storm system which has since disappeared, according to observations by the Hubble Space Telescope.

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5 Things You Didn't Know About "60 Minutes"

On September 24, 1968, "60 Minutes" premiered on CBS. From current events to the most groundbreaking exposés, the show has had a legacy of leaving no stone unturned. Here are 5 things you probably didn’t know about "60 Minutes."

The Show Doesn't Have A Theme Song

60 Minutes remains the only prime-time show that does not have theme music associated with it. Instead of a theme song, it uses a ticking stopwatch that counts down the minutes of the show. This watch was used on the program until the late 1990s, when it was replaced by a computer graphic. The original Aristo analog stopwatch was donated to the Smithsonian Institution in 1998.

It Holds The Record For Emmy Awards

“60 Minutes” has the privilege of holding the record for the most number of Emmy Award wins. No other program has come close to the number the show has won. As of June 26, 2017, "60 Minutes" had won a total of 138 Emmy Awards, a record unsurpassed by any other primetime program on U.S. television.

The Show Has Been In Its Time Slot For Over 40 Years

Because of program regulations by the FCC, the time slot for “60 Minutes” changed during its first 10 years on the air. In 1975, the show was scheduled by CBS at 7:00 p.m. on Sunday nights. Except for sports that have ran into overtime, it remains in this time slot to this day, making it the longest-running show airing during prime time in television history.

The Creator Made History Before 60 Minutes

Don Hewitt came up with the idea “60 Minutes” but it wasn’t his first brainchild. Hewitt had worked for CBS since 1948, and produced the first-ever televised presidential debate in 1960 between John Kennedy and Richard Nixon. Hewitt was also producing the CBS Evening News when Walter Cronkite announced the passing of JFK.

It Had Some Unsuccessful Spin-Offs

CBS tried to capitalize on the success of a show by creating several spin-offs over the years. Between 1978 and 1982, there was a children’s version of the program called 30 Minutes. In 1996, CBS followed up on old stories with 60 Minutes More, which lasted one season. When 60 Minutes II premiered in 1999, it had moderate success, but the station kept changing its time slot and eventually went off the air in 2005. 

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5 Things You Probably Didn't Know About The Bill of Rights

On September 25, 1789, the Bill of Rights that spells out the liberties and civil rights for American citizens was sent to the state legislatures for approval. Here are 5 things you didn't know about this important document that is part of the foundation of America.

You Can Thank George Mason for the Bill of Rights

There is a good chance you never heard of George Mason. But if it were not for this forgotten founding father, the Constitution might have never been given its venerated Bill of Rights. George Mason was a member of the Virginia General Assembly that drafted Virginia's Declaration of Rights. "[All] men," the finished product said, "are by nature free and independent, and have certain inherent rights … namely the enjoyment of life and liberty." Apparently, Thomas Jefferson was listening because he included similar phrasing in the Declaration of Independence. In 1787, with the Constitutional Convention wrapping up, George Mason argued that a bill of inalienable rights should be added. This idea was rejected by the State Delegates. So, in protest, Mason refused to sign the completed Constitution.

Congress Passed 12 Amendments, But Two Were Later Excluded

Originally, Representative Madison presented 19 amendments. On August 24, 1789, the House of Representatives passed 17 of them. The following month, members of the U.S. Senate reduced that number to 12. However, during its final passage on December 15, 1791, 10 were approved which collectively became the Bill of Rights.

One of the Original Amendments Wasn’t Ratified Until 1992

An amendment that would restrict Congress from giving itself a raise in pay or cut in salary was never ratified by the states, which requires a three-fourths majority. So, for 202 years, it was stuck in limbo. Gregory Watson, an undergraduate at the University of Texas, who was writing a term paper on the Bill of Rights, discovered this Congressional Pay Amendment. As he dug deeper, the student found that it was still “technically pending before state legislatures.” Watson took on the challenge to get it passed by mounting an aggressive letter-writing campaign to each of the states. On May 20, 1992, it was finally approved, and the constitution was updated to include it as the 27th Amendment. In the end, Watson only received a C on his term paper, which hardly seems fair.

Two Original Copies of the Bill of Rights Are Missing

There were 14 handwritten official copies of the Bill of Rights authorized by Congress and President George Washington, however, two are missing. It turns out that New York, Maryland, Pennsylvania and Georgia misplaced their copies over the years; although it is believed that the New York and Georgia copies burned, the first in a fire in 1911 and the second in the Civil War. A lost copy was believed to have been located in 1945 and is at the Library of Congress while a second copy was obtained by the New York Public Library, which resides for part of the year in New York and part of the year in Pennsylvania. 

North Carolina’s Copy Was Stolen During the Civil War

During the Civil War, a Union infantryman stole the North Carolina copy of the Bill of Rights from the capitol in 1865, and took it home to Ohio as a souvenir. He sold it the next year for $5. After disappearing for years, it finally resurfaced in 2005, when an antique collector attempted to sell it to the National Constitutional Center. FBI agents seized the document, and by 2007 it was finally returned to its home state.

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5 Things You Didn't Know About U.S. Presidential Debates

On September 26, 1960, John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon squared off in our country's first televised presidential debate. Take a look at the these surprising 5 facts you probably didn’t know about the history of presidential debates.

The Idea of Holding Presidential Debates Is Fairly Recent

The first nationally televised presidential debate was held between John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon on September 26, 1960, something that had never happened before. Earlier candidates considered it improper to campaign for office and did not hold debates with their opponents. Despite the enormous audiences for the Kennedy-Nixon encounters, 16 years would go by before the next series of presidential debates. 

The First Presidential Debates Required an Act of Congress.

In 1934, the Communications Act was passed, which required that broadcasters offer those running for public office equal air time. However, it was temporarily suspended by Congress to allow the Kennedy/Nixon debates. The law was revised by the Federal Communications Commission in 1975 to allow presidential debates without a special act by Congress.

The Third Debate Between Nixon and Kennedy Was Held 3,000 Miles Apart

At the third debate between Kennedy and Nixon, the candidates didn’t share the same stage, let alone the same time zone. Both men appeared behind podiums in similar-looking television studios, Kennedy in New York City and Nixon in Hollywood, California. The moderator and three panelists sat in a third television studio. The good news for the candidates: no awkward handshakes.

Audio Failure Left Two Presidential Debaters Just Standing Around

The September 23, 1976, debate between incumbent President Gerald Ford and Governor Jimmy Carter left both candidates stood silently for nearly half an hour without talking. With just nine minutes remaining in the first debate between President Gerald Ford and Democratic challenger Jimmy Carter, the audio failed. For 27 minutes, as the nation watched, the two candidates appeared frozen in place as they stood stiffly in silence. “I suspect both of us would have liked to sit down and relax while the technicians were fixing the system,” Ford recounted “but I think both of us were hesitant to make any gesture that might look like we weren’t physically or mentally able to handle a problem like this.”

A President Was Once A Debate No-Show

President Carter believed three was a crowd and refused to participate in the debate that included both Republican nominee Ronald Reagan and independent candidate John Anderson, so the incumbent was missing when his two opponents took to the stage on September 21, 1980. The vice presidential debate and the second scheduled presidential debate were cancelled. Finally, just a week before Election Day, Carter had a one-on-one debate with his Republican rival in which Reagan uttered two phrases that quickly entered the political lexicon: “There you go again” and “Are you better off than you were four years ago?” Reagan subsequently won the election by a landslide.

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5 Things We Learned From The Warren Commission_2

On September 27, 1964, the Warren Commission issued the final controversial report from its investigation into the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. Here are 5 things reported by the commission regarding the president’s assassination on that fateful day in Dallas...

Gerald Ford Was Secretly Slipping Information To The FBI

While serving as a leading member of the Warren Commission, future President Gerald Ford was also supplying the FBI with information during the Commission’s deliberations. This was discovered after Ford’s death in 2006 when declassified documents showed that Ford, then a U.S. congressman, had approached FBI Assistant Director Cartha DeLoach and offered to confidentially keep the Bureau informed. Among the information he passed along was that several commission members, probably Hale Boggs and Richard Russell, were unconvinced that the shot that killed JFK had come from the School Book Depository in Dallas that fateful day.

The Commission Secretly Interviewed Fidel Castro.

Many believed that Fidel Castro might have conspired in Kennedy’s murder, and it turns out that the Cuban dictator personally proclaimed his innocence in a secret interview with the Warren Commission. In the off-the-record interview, Fidel Castro told the interviewer repeatedly he had nothing to do with the assassination of President Kennedy. A journalist reported that William Coleman, a lawyer with the commission, had met Castro off the Cuban coast on a fishing boat to conduct the interview. Although no notes about the meeting were taken, Earl Warren and another investigator were reportedly the only ones who knew of the meeting.

The CIA And The FBI intentionally Misled The Commission

Lee Harvey Oswald had been monitored by both the CIA and FBI for months before Kennedy was assassinated, and Oswald had reportedly left one of the FBI agents in Dallas a threatening note. However, the CIA and FBI downplayed their knowledge of him to the Warren Commission. Fearful of catching blame for not preventing the assassination, the FBI later destroyed the note and even removed the agent’s name from a typewritten transcript of Oswald’s address book provided to the Warren Commission. Congressman Hale Boggs would later say that FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover “lied his eyes out” to the Commission’s investigators.

The Commission Concluded That Lee Harvey Oswald Acted Alone

It was reported by the Commission that no evidence was found of anyone assisting Lee Harvey Oswald in the plot to kill the president. The report indicated that no evidence existed that Oswald was a foreign agent, and he had not been encouraged or persuaded by a foreign government. However, several government agencies kept files on Oswald that carried questionable activities committed by him, but this information was downplayed to the members of the Warren Commission. Evidence suggests that the CIA had Oswald under surveillance when he made a trip to Mexico in September 1963 and visited the Cuban and Soviet embassies.

The Public Did Not Trust The Report

When the Warren Report was first released to the public in September 1964, polls showed that only 56% of Americans agreed with its “lone gunman theory.” But within months, critics began to poke holes in its conclusions, and conspiracy theories cropped up alleging the involvement of everyone from the Mafia to Lyndon Johnson. By 1966, a second poll would show that only 36% of people still had confidence in the report. Today, studies show that around two-thirds of Americans believe there was some form of conspiracy surrounding the assassination.

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5 Things You Didn't Know About The Battle of Yorktown_4

On September 28, 1781, the Battle of Yorktown began, which was the last major battle for American independence. Here are 5 things you probably didn’t know about the Battle of Yorktown which effectively brought an end to the American Revolution....

The British Were Heavily Outnumbered

George Washington’s army was composed of about 17,000 American and French troops, while the British led by Lord Cornwallis numbered around 9,000. With Washington's troops surrounding Yorktown and the British under constant fire, it became inevitable that the British would lose. The 20-day siege ended with the British raising the white flag of surrender.

The Battle of Yorktown Decided the Fate of The Revolutionary War

The defeat of the British by allied forces at the Battle of Yorktown was the final major battle of the Revolutionary War conducted on land. Following the surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown in 1781, peace negotiations started the following year, ultimately leading to the 1783 Treaty of Paris. The treaty officially ended the American Revolutionary War with Britain’s recognition of the United States as an independent and free nation.

It’s Referred to as “The German Battle” By Historians in Germany

Although Germans served on both sides during the American Revolutionary War, about 3,000 German-Americans were numbered among the troops commanded by General George Washington. Most of them were already colonists, while the Germans who served with British troops were auxiliaries, who were basically leased. The Germans made significant contributions to the American war effort, including Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, who taught the Continental Army discipline and military drilling.

Washington Denied British Soldiers Honors of War

On October 19, the articles of capitulation were signed. The British asked for traditional Honors of War like marching out with dignity, flags waving etc. Remembering that the British had refused the Americans the same privilege on taking Charleston earlier in the war, Washington denied their request firmly. Legend says that the British band played “The world turned upside down” as the troops marched out to surrender.

Lord Cornwallis Refused to Attend The Formal Surrender

At the surrender ceremony following the Battle of Yorktown,  Lord Cornwallis claimed illness and refused to attend the formal ceremony of surrender. Instead, he sent Charles O’Hara, a brigadier general, in his place, who tried to hand over the sword to French General Rochambeau. Rochambeau signaled to O’Hara to offer the sword to General Washington, who refused to accept it. Instead, he told Benjamin Lincoln, his second in command, to take the sword.

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5 Things You Probably Didn't Know About Mt. Everest_2

On September 29, 1988, Stacy Allison became the first American woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest, which is the highest point on earth. To celebrate this anniversary, here are five things you didn't know about Mount Everest...

Mount Everest Isn’t The Tallest Mountain

Technically, Mount Everest is the highest point on Earth, but that doesn’t make it the tallest mountain. Hawaii’s Mauna Kea is 33,465 feet tall, but the base of the mountain is under the ocean’s surface. Only 13,796 feet of Mauna Kea is above sea level, but it would be 4436 feet taller than Mount Everest if they were placed on an equal level.

Its Official Height Keeps Changing

The official height that both the Chinese and Nepalese governments recognize is 29,029 feet above sea level. But, in 1999 a National Geographic Team placed a GPS device on the summit and recorded the altitude as 29,035 feet. Then, in 2005, a Chinese team used even more precise instruments to measure the mountain. Their official measurement came in at 29,017 feet.  A joint Chinese-Nepalese team remeasured the mountain in May 2020 (taking advantage that the mountain was closed due to the pandemic). The teams had not yet publicly released new figures as of today.

Kami Rita Sherpa Holds An Astonishing Record

Climbing Everest is no small feat, and reaching the top remains a tremendous accomplishment. But for some people, climbing the mountain once just isn't enough. In fact, a climber by the name of Kami Rita Sherpa has been to the summit on 22 separate occasions, giving him the record for most successful attempts on the mountain.

The Oldest and Youngest Climbers Had a 67-Year Age Difference Between Them

Age is just a number when it comes to climbing Everest. Sure, most of those who travel to the mountain are experienced climbers in their 30's and 40's, but others certainly fall outside that age group. For instance, the record for the oldest climber to ever reach the summit is currently held by Yuichiro Miura of Japan, who was almost 81 years old. Sadly, Miura passed away on Everest while attempting to reach the summit once again at the age of 85. The youngest person to ever summit the mountain is American Jordan Romero, who was just 13 years old. Recently, the governments of Nepal and China have agreed to put age restrictions on climbers, requiring them to be at least 16 years old before attempting the mountain. 

The Records for Fastest Ascent and Descent Round Trip Occurred in Less Than a Day

Scaling Mount Everest is not easy, even when you've done it several times. However, a couple of brave souls have made the round-trip journey up and down the mountain in less than a day. On the northern, Tibetan side, Hans Kammerlander made it to the summit in 16 hours and 45 minutes in 1996. However, it's the southern, Nepalese side, that saw the absolute fastest ascent in 2003 when Lakpa Gelu Sherpa managed to get to the top in just 10 hours and 56 minutes. His whole round trip took only 18 hours and 20 minutes.

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5 Things You Probably Didn't Know About James Dean_2

On September 30, 1955, 24-year-old actor James Dean, died when the Porsche Spyder convertible he was driving struck another vehicle. Here are five things you probably didn't know about James Dean...

His First Professional Gig Was a Soft-Drink Commercial

Dean was still in school at UCLA when a well-connected fraternity brother brought him along to serve as an extra in a Pepsi-Cola commercial.  The next day, Dean filmed a second spot, in which he danced around a jukebox while singing a Pepsi jingle. Having made a favorable impression, the same producer then hired him to play John the Apostle in “Hill Number One,” a TV special that aired on Easter 1951. Though he had only a few lines, it was apparently enough for some high school girls to form a fan club for him: the Immaculate Heart James Dean Appreciation Society.

He Only Starred in Three Movies

Dropping out of college to focus full time on acting, Dean moved to New York City. While there, he appeared in two Broadway plays and numerous TV shows. Yet he did not catch his big break until 1954, when his portrayal of a gay houseboy in the play “The Immoralist” brought him to the attention of director Elia Kazan. With John Steinbeck’s approval, Kazan cast Dean in a screen adaptation of Steinbeck’s epic novel “East of Eden.” Dean next filmed “Rebel Without a Cause,” the only movie in which he received top billing, and “Giant,” which co-starred Elizabeth Taylor and Rock Hudson. More movies were in the works, but Dean died before he could make them.

He Was The First Actor To Receive An Academy Award Nomination Posthumously

Dean wasn't the first person to receive a posthumous Oscar nomination. However, he was the first male actor to do so in 1956, when his portrayal of troubled teenager Cal Trask in “East of Eden” won him a best actor nod. The next year, he was nominated again for best actor, this time for playing ranch hand Jett Rink in “Giant.” He didn’t win either year, losing out to Ernest Borgnine and Yul Brynner, respectively.  Since then, several other stars have earned best actor or best supporting actor nominations after their deaths, including Spencer Tracy and Heath Ledger, however James Dean remains the only one with two posthumous nominations.

He Was Ticketed For Speeding Two Hours Before His Death

On the afternoon of September 30, 1955, as Dean drove his brand-new Porsche Spyder to a road race in Salinas, California, a police officer ticketed him for going 65 mph in a 55-mph zone. Just over two hours later, a Ford Tudor sedan collided with Dean at the junction of present-day Highway 46 and Highway 41, about 80 miles from Bakersfield. Dean, who broke his neck and suffered severe internal injuries, was pronounced dead on arrival at a nearby hospital. To this day, it’s unclear whether he was speeding at the time. 

Dean Dated A "Seinfeld" Actress

In the years since his death, many men and women alike have professed to being in romantic relationships with Dean. One such claim came from actress Liz Sheridan, best known for playing Jerry Seinfeld’s mother on the TV show “Seinfeld,” who wrote a 2000 memoir entitled, “Dizzy & Jimmy: My Life with James Dean: A Love Story.”  According to her book, Sheridan and Dean met in New York in 1951, and soon moved in together and were at one point engaged to be married.

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5 Things You Didn't Know About The Model T

On October 1, 1908, Henry Ford introduced the Model T Ford at the company’s Piquette Avenue plant in Detroit, Michigan. At $850 the new car was cheap for its day, but still cost $30 more than the average worker's annual wage. Here are five things you probably didn’t know about the Model T.

Ford Did Not Advertise The Model T

The Model T was so successful that Ford did not run advertisements and depended on word of mouth to drive sales. He did not run a single ad between 1917 and 1923. This made sense, considering that the Model T was the dominant vehicle at the time.  Interestingly, most Ford car dealerships still ran adverts to entice would-be car buyers to acquire their Model Ts from them.

The Car Was Only Available in Black

In the beginning, Model Ts were available in gray, green, blue and red, but Ford switched to black because using different paints affected the speed of the assembly line. Although dealerships objected and asked that more color options be made available, Ford is said to have stated “Any customer can have a car painted any color that he wants so long as it is black.” He also added that he would continue to build only the Model T without any modifications whatsoever. Ford later wrote that no one believed it was a good decision, but the Model Ts were only produced with black paint starting in 1914.

The Model T Came in a Truck Version

Most people do not know that Henry Ford made a truck version of the Model T. The Model TT was a Model T with a truck bed in place of rear seats and a heavier frame. The first Model TT truck went on sale on July 27, 1917. Ford sold 209 vehicles before the year was over. The Model TT went out of production in 1927 and was succeeded by the Model AA truck the same year. The Model AA was rebadged as the successful F-series in 1948. The F-series has been a top seller in the US vehicle market since 1977.

It Was Nicknamed "The Tin Lizzie" After Winning a Race

The Ford Model T went by a few nicknames, including "Leaping Lena", "jitney" and “flivver.” However, its most common nickname was the “Tin Lizzie.” The Model T got that name from a car race. At the time, car dealerships regularly hosted automobile races to publicize the cars in their collection. One such race was held at Pikes Peak in Colorado in 1922. One of the contenders was Noel Bullock and his Model T, which he called “Old Liz.” Old Liz was truly old. Its body paint had faded, and its hood was missing. Spectators started calling it the Tin Lizzie because it looked more like a tin can than a vehicle. Nevertheless, the battered Old Liz went on to win the race. Newspapers reported the surprising win but called the car the Tin Lizzie instead of Old Liz, and the name stuck.

Poland Turned the Model T Into A War Vehicle

In June 1920, Poland introduced an armored version of the Model T that was designed as part of their war effort against the Soviet Union and named it the Ford FT-B. The vehicle was the brainchild of Tadeusz Tanski, who worked with the Polish Ministry of Military Affairs at the time. His idea was to weld steel armor captured from the German Army during World War I to the chassis of a Ford Model T. The result was the Ford FT-B. The Ford FT-B was small and fast, just as the Polish army hoped. The resulting vehicle was fast and small and carried only a driver and machine gunner.

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5 Things You Didn't Know About The International Space Station

On October 2, 2000, the International Space Station got its first residents as an American astronaut and two Russian cosmonauts arrived aboard a Russian Soyuz capsule for a four-month stay. Here are five things you probably didn’t know about the the world’s shared space station. 

The ISS Travels At a Whopping 5 Miles-Per-Second

The ISS travels at a whopping 5 miles-per-second. This means is that it circles Earth every 90 minutes. This is equivalent to 10 times the speed of a bullet. Within 24 hours, the ISS orbits our planet 16 times and travels through 16 sunsets and sunrises, which sounds like a great photo op.

Time Slows Down On The ISS

Amazingly, astronauts return from the ISS having aged less than they would have on Earth. Because of "relative velocity time dilation", the high-speeds that astronauts aboard the ISS are traveling mean that time slows down for them relative to people on the surface of the Earth.  It's not a fail-safe anti-aging trick though. After 6 months on the ISS, astronauts are only 0.005 seconds younger than the rest of us on Earth.

It is The Single Most Expensive Object Ever Built

The ISS is the single most expensive object ever built, and estimated to have cost more than $120 billion. It is around 357.6 feet long, which gives astronauts plenty of room to stretch out. It has six sleeping quarters, a gym to exercise and a bay window that would make anyone jealous because it offers a 360-degree view. There are two space toilets on the ISS, which astronauts strap themselves into to use. Their urine is even filtered and turned into drinking water. 

It’s The Biggest Manned Object in Space

Made up of hundreds of major and minor components, the ISS is the largest manned object ever put into space. The Space Station has the same pressurized volume as a Boeing 747 of 32,333 cubic feet. It's four times larger than the Russian space station MIR and five times larger than the U.S. station Skylab. 

Sixteen Nations Were Involved in The Construction of The ISS

The United States, Canada, Russia, Japan, Brazil, Belgium, France, Denmark, Italy, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom and Switzerland all made contributions to the construction of this massive project.

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5 Things You Didn't Know About The Obamas_2

On October 3, 1992, Barack Obama married Michelle Robinson at the Trinity United Church of Christ in Chicago. Here are 5 things you probably never knew about the Obamas....

Both Attended Harvard Law School

Michelle Robinson attended Princeton, graduating in 1985 with a BA in sociology and went on to Harvard Law School, where she graduated in 1988. Barack Obama attended Occidental College in Los Angeles for two years and transferred to Columbia University in New York, where he majored in political science and English literature. He arrived at Harvard to attend law school in the fall of 1988. He apparently just missed meeting his future wife at Harvard but made up for it when he was a summer intern at the law firm where she was working in Chicago.

Their First Date Was At A Spike Lee Movie

The president and the first lady had their first date at the movies. The 27- and 25-year-old spent several hours together, visiting the Art Institute of Chicago and catching a screening of Do the Right Thing, the new Spike Lee movie about racial unrest in sweltering Brooklyn. Michelle said, "He was trying to show me his sophisticated side by selecting an independent filmmaker." "So Spike, thank you for helping me impress Michelle," Obama joked. "And thank you for telling a powerful story. Today, I've got a few more grey hairs than I did back in 1989. You don't look like Mookie anymore. But 'Do the Right Thing' still holds up a mirror to our society, and it makes us laugh, and think and challenges all of us to see ourselves in one another.”

Barack’s Marriage Proposal Was Unique

Michelle said she and Barack had gone out to dinner to celebrate his successfully passing his bar exam. They started talking about marriage, and Barack said he didn’t see any point in getting married. However, when dessert was served with a lid on it, she found a small box with an engagement ring inside.

The Obamas Had a Road Trip Honeymoon

For their honeymoon after their marriage on October 3, 1992, the newlyweds took a road trip up the California coast from Big Sur to the Napa Valley and on to San Francisco. They had married in Chicago at the Trinity United Church of Christ with Michelle’s brother walking her down the aisle and Barack’s brother serving as the best man. Although Michelle wanted to recreate the trip for their 20th wedding anniversary, the election was too close, and they celebrated by eating out instead.

Barack Was Rejected as a Male Model

Barack Obama applied as a model for a calendar at Harvard that a classmate was making that featured male African-American law students. There were around 90 African-American students enrolled as law students that year, so the competition was fierce. Nevertheless, the judging committee rejected Obama as one of the models. 

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6 Things You Didn't Know About "Leave It to Beaver"

On October 4, 1957, "Leave It to Beaver" premiered on CBS starring Jerry Mathers as the Beaver. Here are six fascinating facts about the show that will make you say, "Golly!"

It Was Canceled After Its First Season

Despite it's legendary status, Leave It to Beaver was not a smash hit at the time. After the first season ended in 1958, CBS canceled the series. Fortunately, ABC came in and rescued the show. It would air on ABC for its remaining five seasons.

“Leave It to Beaver” Wasn’t the Original Title

The series pilot was originally titled “It’s a Small World” and aired as an installment of the anthology series Heinz Studio 57. Before the new title was chosen, “Wally and the Beaver” was considered, but the show’s sponsor thought it might be mistaken for a nature program.

A Growth Spurt Led To a New Wally

Paul Sullivan originally portrayed Wally in the pilot. He was replaced by Tony Dow when a growth spurt made Sullivan too tall to play the role. Dow wasn’t auditioning when he was chosen to play Wally Cleaver and remained on the show for six years. It was a lucky break because he had just been accompanying a friend who was trying out for the part.

Jerry Mathers Appeared on “I Love Lucy”

Mathers played Little Ricky when he sat on Lucy’s lap in the episode titled “Ricky’s Old Girlfriend” during season three of “I Love Lucy.” During the scene, Lucy was dreaming her husband had deserted her for Carlota Romero, an old girlfriend, and she and her small son were begging for money in the street. The episode appeared in 1953, which was four years before “Leave It to Beaver” debuted.

It Was The First TV Show To Show a Toilet

It was just the tank, but the appearance of a toilet onscreen was a TV first. The boys were often in the bathroom off their bedroom. In this case, in the episode "Captain Jack," Wally puts an alligator in the toilet tank after he and Beaver order one through the mail. This episode was intended as the premiere of the show but aired the second week.

Mathers Was The First Child Actor To Get a Cut Of The Merchandise Revenue

A lot of merchandise was spawned by the television show, from comic books and t-shirts to board games and lunch boxes. Thanks to Mathers’ agent and his parents, he received a cut from all the sales. This represented the first time a child actor received money from the merchandise sold as tie-ins to a television show.

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5 Things You Probably Didn't Know About McDonald's_3

On October 5, 1902, American entrepreneur Ray A. Kroc was born. Kroc rose from humble beginnings and built McDonald's into the most famous and successful fast-food restaurant in the world.   Here are five little-known facts about one of America’s favorite fast-food joints...

They Serve 69 Million Customers Every Day

It is estimated that McDonald’s serve approximately 69 million customers every single day. This is more than the entire population of France, which is around 66 million people. This means that they sell 75 hamburgers every single second and more than 5 billion burgers annually. To achieve such sales, they require herds of cows totaling 25 million cows. 

McDonald’s is The World’s Second Largest Private Employer

McDonald's global workforce consists of around 1.5 million employees worldwide, making it the world's second-largest private employer behind Walmart’s 1.9 million employees. McDonald’s is also the biggest private employer in the United Kingdom. The number of people employed by McDonald’s is greater than the entire population of Philadelphia.

They Are The Largest Toy Distributor in The World

McDonald’s is famous for including a toy with every purchase of a child’s Happy Meal, which allows them to distribute more than 1.5 billion toys across the world each year. This is more than either Hasbro or Mattel, two of the leading toy companies in the world. In recent years, McDonald’s has often included small books with the Happy Meals instead of a toy to encourage children to read. This has led them to distribute more books to children than the world’s largest library, The Library of Congress. A toy or book is included in around 15% of sales at McDonald’s.

There is a Ski-Thru in Sweden

People are accustomed to using the drive-thru at a McDonald’s for convenience when they don’t want to sit inside and wait for their meals. What is slightly more unusual is the ski-thru facility at a resort in Sweden. The McDonald’s is located at a popular ski resort in the country and there was a demand for people who didn’t want to stop their fun on the slopes to sit in the restaurant. Therefore, they created a facility allowing people to collect their orders from outside while still wearing their skis.

Many Celebrities Have Worked For McDonald's

It is estimated that one in every eight people living in the United States has been hired by McDonald’s at some point in their life. It therefore isn’t surprising that many celebrities have worked at McDonald's before becoming famous.  Some of the celebrities who worked there include Jay Leno, Pink, Rachel McAdams, and Shania Twain. During a “60 Minutes” special, Jay Leno entertained viewers by showing off his McDonald’s burger-flipping skills.

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5 Things You Didn't Know About Stanley Kubrick's "Spartacus"

On October 6, 1960, Spartacus, directed by Stanley Kubrick and starring Kirk Douglas and Laurence Olivier, premiered in New York City. Here are five things you didn’t know about Stanley Kubrick’s historical epic...

Stanley Kubrick Was Not The First Director

Anthony Mann was the original director of the movie, but Michael Douglas thought he couldn't handle the immense size of the film so he had Mann fired after only two week of filming. Both David Lean and Laurence Olivier were asked if they wanted to direct but both declined. When Douglas approached Stanley Kubrick, who had directed him in Paths of Glory in 1957, the director agreed to do it for $150,000.

It Took Over 10,000 People To Make The Film

It took over 10,000 people and 167 days to film Spartacus. Twelve million dollars was spent to make the film, a record for the most expensive movie made in Hollywood at the time. It was so expensive that its budget ended up exceeding the total net worth of Universal.  Over 5,000 uniforms, 7 Tons of armor, and 50,000 extras were used in the movie as well as 187 stuntmen, who were all trained in the rituals of gladiatorial fighting.

Michigan State Football Fans Supplied The Shouting Scenes

The 76,000 fans at the October 17, 1959, college football game between Michigan State and Notre Dame. were asked to scream "Hail, Crassus," "On to Rome," "Spartacus, Spartacus," and "I am Spartacus!" for the film.  Kirk Douglas, the star of the movie, wrote in his biography,  “It’s only natural for Spartacus to go to the Spartans for help.” Michigan State won the game that day 19 to 0.

Kubrick Later Disowned The Movie

When the Stanley Kubrick Collection was released in 1999, the famed director demanded that three movies be excluded, including Spartacus. He said he had no control over making Spartacus and that he found directing it a painful experience. He says the movie “has everything but a good story.”

Anthony Hopkins Voiced The Deceased Olivier In A Controversial Scene

A 1991 restoration of the film (two years after Olivier's death) pieced together long-lost footage discovered in studio vaults to restore its original cut of 197 minutes, including parts of the film that were originally censored out by the National Legion of Decency. The sound of the "oysters and snails" scene had to be re-dubbed, so Tony Curtis, who was then 66, re-recorded his part, and from the suggestion of Olivier's widow, Anthony Hopkins voiced Crassus, in his best Laurence Olivier impersonation. 

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5 Things You Didn't Know About Arnold Schwarzenegger_3

On this day in 2003, actor Arnold Schwarzenegger was elected governor of California after a contentious recall election.  Schwarzenegger was one of 135 candidates on the ballot, which included career politicians, other actors, and one adult-film star.  Here are five other things you didn't know about Arnold Schwarzenegger…

His Father Was A Nazi

You read that correctly. In the 1990s, rumors began circulating that Gustav Schwarzenegger had been a Nazi, and Arnold asked the Simon Weisenthal Center to investigate.  They confirmed that Gustav voluntarily joined the Nazis in 1938, and even tried to become part of the "Brownshirts", which was a militant street gang that Hitler eventually purged because they were too violent for Hitler's tastes. Arnold claimed to have never liked his father much. Apparently, he was an abusive jerk, and Arnold even skipped his funeral.

He Did Time In Military Prison

Arnold was in the Austrian military as was required of all Austrian men when they turned 18. Unfortunately, the Junior Mr. Europe bodybuilding competition was held while Arnold was in the middle of basic training, so he decided to go AWOL so he could compete in the competition. He left with a first place trophy but was jailed in a military prison for a week as punishment. Two years later he became the youngest person to ever win the Mr. Universe title.

His Teenage Life Plans All Came True

At 15 years old,  Arnold apparently saw no reason to dream small and laid out a life goal that seems pretty outrageous on paper. According to many of his childhood friends, Arnie’s life plan was to move to America, become a famous actor, and marry a Kennedy. And that’s exactly how that it went down. After starring in Hollywood’s biggest movies, Arnold married Maria Shriver, for twenty-five years, who is, in fact, a niece of John, Robert and Ted Kennedy.

He Didn’t Want to Say His Signature Line

Even people who aren't movie buffs know that "I'll be back" is an iconic catch phrase from the Terminator films. However, Arnold initially didn’t want to say the line, for two reasons. For one, his accent made saying the word “I’ll” difficult, so he wanted to say “I will be back.” He also felt it made more sense for his character, insisting that a robot wouldn’t speak in contractions.Despite Schwarzenegger’s protests, James Cameron refused to change the line. Arnold delivered it as best he could, and it wound up becoming his trademark.

He Had a Successful Bricklaying Business

Before he became a legendary bodybuilder and world-famous actor, Schwarzenegger was already a successful businessman. He began his rags-to-riches journey by starting a bricklaying business in California. Schwarzenegger started the business in 1968, when he was only 21 and had just moved to the United States. The business was remarkably successful, owing in part to Schwarzenegger’s well-known business savvy and a rise in demand for building materials following the San Fernando earthquake in 1971.

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5 Things You Didn't Know About Martha Stewart_3

On October 8, 2004, Martha Stewart reported to prison to begin serving a sentence for lying about a stock sale. Here are 5 fascinating facts you may be surprised to learn about everyone's favorite lifestyle guru... 

She's America's First Self-Made Female Billionaire

Women have reached billionaire status in one way or another across the world, but Stewart is the first American woman to do it on her own. She became a self-made billionaire through her own business dealings. She reached billionaire status in 1999 when she took Martha Stewart Omnimedia public. She did dip back down into millionaire status in the early 2000s (the insider-trading scandal was one factor), but she remains extremely successful and wealthy.

She Used To Babysit The Children Of Baseball Legends

Martha Stewart grew up in New Jersey and worked as a babysitter when she was 10 years old like so many other kids her age do.  However, she wasn't just watching the next door neighbor's children. She babysat for the children of the New York Yankees including Mickey Mantle and Yogi Berra.  Stewart has said many of the players lived near her hometown of Nutley, New Jersey, and children in the area were asked to watch over the players' kids. Mantle and his wife had four little boys, and Stewart not only babysat them but helped to organize their birthday parties.

She Used To Date Anthony Hopkins

Talk about a crazy story!  Martha Stewart once dated Anthony Hopkins. This really shouldn't be a surprise given her connections to famous people and her business successes. She was smitten with the talented actor, but there was just one problem — she was so frightened by his character, Hannibal Lecter, and he was so convincing in his role that she had a hard time separating Hopkins the actor from Hannibal the character.

She Learned To Cook From A Famous Chef

Who was the person who started Martha Stewart on her journey in the kitchen? It was none other than Julia Child and her Mastering the Art of French Cooking. Child herself didn't teach Stewart. Instead, Stewart read through the book and taught herself to cook by using its recipes. She parlayed her cooking knowledge into a successful catering business in the 1970s and has said being told to be fearless in the kitchen was the best cooking advice she ever got.

She Once Worked On Wall Street

Stewart is known for being smart and savvy -- and for thriving in tense business environments. In the mid-1960s, she was hired as a stockbroker despite not having a broker's license or any experience on Wall Street.  She became one of the few female brokers on the floor of the stock exchange  and pulled in nearly $100,000 per year through the early 1970s. She had some unorthodox strategies, including wearing hot pants occasionally in meetings.

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5 Things You Didn't Know About Yale University

On October 9, 1701, the Collegiate School of Connecticut, later named Yale University, was chartered in New Haven. Known as one of the top schools in the world,  here are five fun facts about this Ivy League university...

The School Was Renamed in 1701

Originally named The Collegiate School, Yale University took on its new name in 1701 in honor of Elihu Yale, the governor of the East India Company, for his gifts to the school. Yes, THAT East India Company – the one tied to the Tea Act that led to the infamous Boston Tea Party.  The school was named after Yale in response to his gift of nine bales of goods, which were sold for around 800 pounds sterling.

Yale’s Secret Society Is Wrapped in Mystery

One of the most exclusive and obscure college clubs is Yale’s secret society Skull & Bones. Students chosen for membership are often leaders on the campus, such as team captains, members of the political union, and newspaper editors. Only fifteen male and female juniors are chosen for admission each spring. The society’s most well known members include both George Bush senior and junior, William Howard Taft, and John Kerry. The group also allegedly stole the skulls of Pancho Villa, Geronimo, and Martin Van Buren.

A Strange Story Surrounds the Statue of Patriot Nathan Hale

Nathan Hale was a Yale graduate who famously uttered the phrase, “I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country.” A statue of the famous spy was commissioned in 1914 and stands outside his old dormitory.  Legend has it that the CIA later made an offer to buy the statue, and the university refused. CIA operatives were allegedly sent in during the night to cast a mold of the statue and replaced it at Yale with the replica. The legend goes on to say that the original statue is at CIA headquarters in Langley, Virginia.

The Vanderbilt Suite at Yale Is a Tribute to His Son

Some college dorms are built to be better than others. That’s an understatement when it comes to the Vanderbilt suite at Yale. Vanderbilt Hall was built by railroad tycoon Cornelius Vanderbilt as a memorial to his son William, who died from typhoid fever as a junior at Yale. The room above the building’s archway was built more lavishly than the rest. Rumor has it that the room is reserved for members of the Vanderbilt family while they’re attending Yale. The last Vanderbilt to stay in that room was Anderson Cooper, who graduated in 1989.

Yale Can Make Several Claims Due to its Age

Being the third oldest university in the country, it isn't surprising that Yale lays claim to a number of "oldest" superlatives among schools. Yale is home to the oldest collegiate daily newspaper still in existence. Printed five days a week since January 28, 1878, the Yale Daily News lives up to its moniker. Yale also claims the oldest and most well known a cappella group: the Wiffenpoofs have been singing on Monday nights since 1909.

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5 Things You Didn't Know About Christopher Reeve's Superman_4

On October 10, 2004, actor Christopher Reeve died at age 52, years after being paralyzed following a devastating accident where he was thrown from his horse. Here are five things you probably didn't know about this real-life Superman...

He Beat Out Muhammad Ali And Elton John For The Role Of Superman

When casting began for the role of Superman, over 200 actors competed for the part. Among them were some true Hollywood A-listers. Producers auditioned muscle-bound talent like Arnold Schwarzenegger and Muhammad Ali, as well as more svelte actors like Al Pacino and Robert Redford. Charles Bronson, Dustin Hoffman, Christopher Walken, Nick Nolte, Steve McQueen, and Sly Stallone were also among the stars that auditioned for the role. Even pop star Elton John auditioned for the chance to be Superman. Despite all these stars vying for attention, Christopher Reeve caught the eye of the producers despite only having three brief TV roles.

Christopher Reeve Trained Under Darth Vader

After landing the role of Superman, a skinny Christopher Reeve was told that needed to wear an artificial muscle suit to become a match for Superman's physique. He refused, preferring to undergo a strict work out regimen to buff-up for the part. Enter David Prowse, the British actor who provided the body of Darth Vader in the original Star Wars trilogy. Prowse was hired to train Reeve, and instituted a weight-training program to bulk Reeve up for the roll. Prowse's teachings were a success, and after an intense six week program, Reeve went from 170 pounds to 212 pounds. Reeve continued gaining muscle mass whiling filming, to such a degree that some scenes had to be re shot because his body no longer matched the original footage.  

Reeve’s Pay for the Movie Was Ridiculously Small

Because he was still relatively unknown, Reeve only earned $250,000 for Superman, and his second film Superman II. The was peanuts compared to some of his co-stars. Gene Hackman was paid $2 million for his role as Lex Luthor and Marlon Brando received an astounding $3.7 million to play Jor-El. This made Brando the highest-paid movie star ever, at the time. The Superman actor didn't publicly complain about this, instead saying that  "Superman brought him many opportunities". Brando, by comparison, sued the producers for not paying him enough and eventually took $14 million from them for appearing in just ten minutes of the movie.

Reeve Also Played Two Voice Parts In The First Film

In addition to portraying both Superman, Reeve also provided two voice performances for the film. He was asked to lend his voice to the Metropolis air traffic controller character. This character is never seen on screen, but he is heard on the radio during both the Helicopter crash scene and the Air Force One sequence. Reeve''s other voice performance was a larger one. He recorded all of Jeff East's lines as the young Clark Kent, which were dubbed over East's original performance during the editing process. "I was not happy about it because the producers never told me what they had in mind," East said. He added: "It was done without my permission but it turned out to be okay. Chris did a good job but it caused tension between us. We resolved our issues with each other years later."

Reeve Was a Real-Life Superman

Reeve was competing in an equestrian competition on May 27, 1995, when he was thrown from the animal, which left him a quadriplegic. He was confined to a wheelchair and required a portable ventilator until his death. Following the accident, Reeve lobbied on behalf of people with spinal cord injuries and for human embryonic stem cell research, founding the Christopher Reeve Foundation and co-founding the Reeve-Irvine Research Center.

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